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This profile was last updated on 10/14/12  and contains information from public web pages.

Chandragupta Maurya

Wrong Chandragupta Maurya?

Student

Chanakya
 
Background

Employment History

  • Prime Minister
    Magadha

Board Memberships and Affiliations

  • Founder
    Seleucid Empire
  • Founder
    Gupta Empire
  • Founder
    Maurya Empire
  • Exiled Member
    Magadha
50 Total References
Web References
Chanakya's student ...
espionage.askdefine.com, 14 Oct 2012 [cached]
Chanakya's student Chandragupta Maurya , founder of the Maurya Empire , made use of assassinations, spies and secret agents, which are described in Chanakya's Arthasastra.
Chandragupta Maurya
asianhistory.about.com, 25 June 2012 [cached]
Chandragupta Maurya
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Chandragupta Maurya practiced santhara, or Jain ritual starvation, in south India c. 298 BC
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In 326 BCE, Chandragupta Maurya was just a teenager when Alexander the Great of Macedonia invaded India.
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Although the world's greatest tactician could not convince his troops to take on the Nanda Empire, five years after Alexander turned away, a 20-year-old Chandragupta Maurya would accomplish that feat, and go on to unite almost all of what is now India. The young Indian emperor would also take on Alexander's successors - and win.
Chandragupta Maurya's Birth and Ancestry:
Chandragupta Maurya was born sometime around 340 BCE, reportedly in Patna, now in the Bihar state of India. Given the vast span of time since his birth, it is unsurprising that scholars are uncertain of many details. For example, some texts claim that both of Chandragupta's parents were of the Kshatriya (warrior/prince) caste, while others state that his father was a king but his mother was a maid from the lowly Shudra (servant) caste.
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From an early age, Chandragupta was brave and charismatic - a born leader. The young man came to the attention of a famous Brahmin scholar, Chanakya, who bore a grudge against the Nanda. Chanakya began to groom Chandragupta to conquer and rule in the place of the Nanda Emperor; he helped the young man to raise an army, and taught him tactics through different Hindu sutras.
Chandragupta allied himself to the king of a mountain kingdom, perhaps the same Puru who had been defeated but spared by Alexander, and set out to conquer the Nanda.
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In 321 BCE, the capital fell, and 20-year-old Chandragupta Maurya started his own dynasty - the Mauryan Empire.
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By about 316, Chandragupta Maurya was able to defeat and incorporate all of the satraps in the mountains of Central Asia, extending his empire to the edge of what is now Iran, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.
Some sources allege that Chandragupta Maurya may have arranged for the assassination of two of the Macedonian satraps: Philip son of Machatas, and Nicanor of Parthia. If so, it was a very precocious act even for Chandragupta - Philip was assassinated in 326 BCE, when the future ruler of the Mauryan Empire was still an anonymous teenager.
Push into Seleucid Persia:
In 305 BCE, Chandragupta decided to expand his empire into eastern Persia. At the time, Persia was ruled by Seleucus I Nicator, founder of the Seleucid Empire, and a former general under Alexander. Chandragupta seized a large area in eastern Persia. In the peace treaty that ended this war, Chandragupta got control of that land as well as the hand of one of Seleucus's daughters in marriage. In exchange, Seleucus got 500 war elephants - which he put to good use at the Battle of Ipsus in 301 BCE.
Conquering Southern India:
With as much territory as he could comfortably rule to the north and west, Chandragupta Maurya next turned his attention south. With an army of 400,000, according to Strabo, or 600,000, if you believe Pliny the Elder, Chandragupta conquered all of the Indian subcontinent except for Kalinga (now Orissa) on the east coast, and the Tamil kingdom at the farthest southern tip of the land-mass.
By the end of his reign, Chandragupta Maurya had unified almost all of the Indian subcontinent under his rule. His grandson, Ashoka, would go on to add Kalinga and the Tamils to the empire, as well.
Family Life:
The only one of Chandragupta's queens or consorts for whom we have a name is Durdhara, the mother of his first son, Bindusara. However, it is likely that Chandragupta had many more consorts.
According to legend, Prime Minister Chanakya was concerned that Chandragupta might be poisoned by his enemies, so started introducing small amounts of poison into the emperor's food in order to build up a tolerance. Chandragupta was unaware of this plan, and shared some of his food with his wife Durdhara when she was very pregnant with their first son.
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Chandragupta traveled south to a cave at Shravanabelogola, now in Karntaka. There, the founder of the Mauryan Empire meditated without eating or drinking for five weeks, until he died of starvation. This practice is called sallekhana or santhara.
Chandragupta Maurya's Legacy:
The dynasty that Chandragupta founded would rule over India and the south of Central Asia until 185 BCE. His grandson Ashoka would follow in Chandragupta's footsteps in several ways - conquering territory as a young man, but then becoming devoutly religious as he aged. In fact, Ashoka's reign in India may be the purest expression of Buddhism in any government in history.
Today, Chandragupta is remembered as the unifier of India - like Qin Shihuangdi in China, but far less blood-thirsty. Despite the paucity of records on his life, Chandragupta's life story has inspired movies such as the 1958 "Samrat Chandragupt" novels, and even a 2011 Hindi-language TV series.
Sources:
Mookerji, Radhakumud. Chandragupta Maurya and His Times, New Delhi: Motalil Banarsidass Publishers, 1966.
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Chandragupta Maurya Advertise on About.com
Chandragupta Maurya ...
youbihar.com [cached]
Chandragupta Maurya established the Mauryan Empire in 322 BC by overthrowing the Nanda dynasty and also liberated the trans-indus region from Macedonian occupation by defeating Seleucus-I of Alexander's army.
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After some regional kings of less importance Chandragupta (not Chandragupta Maurya) established the Gupta Empire (A.D. 320-550) and united North India again with its capital at Patliputra.
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Chandragupta Maurya founded the Mauryan Empire in 322 B.C. by overthrowing the Nanda dynasty and also liberated the trans-Indus area from Greek occupation by defeating Seleucus-I of Alexander's army.
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After some local kings of less significance Chandragupta (not Chandragupta Maurya) established the Gupta Empire (A.D. 320-550) and integrated North India again with its headquarters at Patliputra.
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Maurya.
The Gupta Empire was founded by ...
www.hindupedia.com, 18 Feb 2013 [cached]
The Gupta Empire was founded by Chandragupta the first (not to be confused with Chandragupta Maurya who founded the Maurya Empire in the 3rd century B.C.E.).
The king who really extended the Gupta Empire was Samudragupta and he inscribed the story of his conquests on the rust-proof Askoka pillar in todays Pithoragarh. It states that he uprooted 17 kings from the Ganges valley to lay the foundations of a pan-Indian empire.
But the most illustrious emperor of the Gupta line was Vikramaditya who succeeded Samudragupta. He shifted the capital from Pataliputra to Ujjaini (Modern Ujjain in central India). His court had the Navaratnas (Nine Jewels) who included the playwright Kalidas and the astronomer Varaha-mihira. His rule can be said to epitomize the zenith of medieval civilization.
Biography of Chanakya: The Story of a Great and An Innovative Thinker
www.exoticindiaart.com, 16 Nov 2011 [cached]
His protege was Chandragupta Maurya who proved to be an illustrious Emperor.
His strategies didn't let foreign conquerors get entrenched in India and ultimately they had to flee from India. Chanakya made Chandragupta marry the daughter of Greek Commander Selucus to make sure that there were no more invasions on his land.
As Prime Minister of Magadha he applied his economic theories and administrative systems to practically demonstrate how an ideal monarchy should function.
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