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P.O. Box 571040
Washington, D.C., District of Columbia,20057
Lokniti - Programme for Comparative Democracy was established in 1997 as a research programme of the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies ( CSDS), New Delhi. The CSDS is an autonomous social science research institution. Since the inception of the CSDS... more.
Psephologist and Political Commentator On Television Channels
Centre for the Study of Developing Societies
Member of the Board of Advisors
Nalsar University of Law Prof M.Sridhar
Aam Aadmi Party
University Grants Commission
National Advisory Council on Right
National Council of Educational Research and Training
Indian Council of Social Science Research
Governing Borad of the Indian Institute of Advanced Study
European Journal of Political Research
International Advisory Board
Institute of Advanced Study
Gandhian Institute of Studies
Member On the Editorial Collective
Senior Fellow of Delhi-based Centre
Member On the Governing Bodies
University of Rajasthan Jawaharlal University
Jawarharlal Nehru University
Centre for Policy Research
Yogendra Yadav, Co-Director of Lokniti and Senior Fellow at the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), New Delhi
MEERA AND VIKRAM GANDHI - INDIA INITIATIVE - Meera Gandhi
Yogendra Yadav has been selected as the next Meera and Vikram Gandhi Fellow.
Yadav will be joining us in residence at Brown University beginning mid-April 2013. Yogendra Yadav is a Senior Fellow at the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), Delhi. Professor Yadav's areas of interests include democratic theory, election studies, survey research, political theory, modern Indian political thought and Indian socialism. From 1996-2009 Yadav was involved in designing and coordinating the National Election Studies, the most comprehensive series of academic surveys of the Indian electorate. Since 1996 Professor Yadav has been a political analyst and commentator on more than 200 televesion programs related to pre-election assessment and has appeared on live programs at the time of the counting of election results. These programs have appeared on a number of television channels in India including Doordarshan National Network, NDTV and CNN-IBN. Yadav is on the International Advisory Board of the European Journal of Political Research. Yadav has published dozens of academic papers in various books and journals and has written over two hundred articles in newspapers and magazines. He is co-author of State of Democracy in South Asia (Oxford University Press, 2008) and Crafting State Nations: India and other Multinational Democracies (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011). Yadav received his BA from SGN Khalsa College, an affiliate of the University of Rajasthan. Yadav holds an MA in Political Science from Jawarharlal Nehru University in New Delhi, and an M. Phil in Political Science from Panjab University, Chandigarh. Before joining the CSDS, Yadav was a professor in the Department of Political Science at Panjab University, Chandigarh. He is Founder Convenor (1995-2000) and current member of the Lokniti network, an all-India collective of scholars of Indian politics. He was Founder Director (1997-2003) and later Co-Director (2003-2009) of Lokniti: Institute of Comparative Demoracy, a research program of the CSDS. He is currently a member of the Governing Council of the Indian Council of Social Science Research and a member of the Governing Board of the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla. He is an Honorary Fellow, Indian Institute of Political Economy, Pune (since 2004). From 2005-2012 Yadav was one of the two Chief Advisors in Political Science for the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) who supervised the writing of the new textbooks for Political Science for class IX, X, XI and XII. In 2010 Yadav was appointed to the National Advisory Council to oversee the implementation of the Right to Education act (RTE), and served as Chair of the Task Force on Research and Evaluation of RTE from 2011-2012. He was also a member of the Expert Group appointed by the Government of India in 2007 to examine the structure and functioning of an Equal Opportunity Commission. Yadav was awarded the Malcolm Adiseshiah Award for Distinguished Contributions to Development Studies in 2008. In 2009 the International Political Science Association honored Yadav with the first Global South Award "in recognition of outstanding work on the politics of the developing world."
Studying Elections in India: Scientific and Political Debates
In order to understand the particular pattern of electoral turnout described by Yadav as characteristic of the 'second democratic upsurge' (Yadav 2000), Ahuja and Chibber identify three broad social groups, defined by three distinct 'interpretations' of voting.
[…] a technique of data gathering in which a sample of respondents is asked questions about their political preferences and beliefs to draw conclusions about political opinions, attitudes and behavior of a wider population of citizens (Yadav 2008: 5). 24The link between these two pioneering institutions of psephology, CSDS and NDTV, was provided by Yogendra Yadav, a young political scientist who was brought from Chandigarh University to the CSDS by Rajni Kothari. Yadav revived the data unit of the CSDS and went on to supervise an uninterrupted series of electoral studies which have been financially supported and publicized by the print media, but also by NDTV. Yadav's expertise, his great ability to explain psephological analyses both in English and Hindi, made him a star of TV shows devoted to elections, first on NDTV, and then on the channel co-founded by the star anchor Rajdeep Sardesai after he left NDTV: CNN-IBN.12 In 1995, the CSDS team around Yogendra Yadav created Lokniti, a network of scholars based in the various Indian states, working on democracy in general and on elections in particular. Yogendra Yadav thus sums up the situation that prevailed in the late 1980s: The label 'survey research' stood for what was considered most inappropriate in the third world imitation of American science of politics: it was methodologically naïve, politically conservative and culturally inauthentic (Yadav 2008: 3). 40As far as the political agenda of survey research is concerned, Yadav makes a passionate plea for 'transfer as transformation' (Yadav 2008: 16) i.e. for an adaptation of survey research to the political culture of countries of the global South, with a double objective: (i) to make survey research more relevant scientifically; (ii) to use it as a politically empowering device, that is '[…] to ensure that subaltern and suppressed opinions are made public' (Yadav 2008: 18). Notwithstanding his refusal to 'participate in methodological crusades on social sciences' (Yadav 2008: 4), Yadav has consistently sought to situate, explain, improve and diffuse his brand of survey research on elections21. 23Linz, Stepan and Yadav 2007 represents a good example of the changing status of the Indian case in (...) 24See Fauvelle 2008. 49More importantly, the key concepts of survey research are often drawn from the rich field of American election studies,22 and particularly from behaviourism, a school of thought which is rejected by part of the Indian academia. Lastly, the general (and often implicit) reference to which the Indian scenario is compared is actually the United States and Western Europe. On the one hand, these comparative efforts23 testify to the fact that India is not an outsider any more as far as democracies are concerned. On the other hand, one can regret an excessive focus, in comparisons, on the West, insofar as it skews the assessment of the Indian case (for instance the Indian pattern of voter turnout, which is qualified as 'exceptional' by Yadav because it breaks from the trend observed in North America and Western Europe, might appear less so if it was compared, say, to post-Apartheid South Africa).24 54One can regret that studies of Indian elections, by all disciplines, tend to focus exclusively on the vote, which certainly is a climactic moment of the electoral process, but by no means the only interesting one.25 Indeed a recent attempt by the CSDS team to understand participation beyond voting, in order to qualify the 'second democratic upsurge' (Yadav 2000) through a state wise analysis of the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, suggests that a broader definition of the electoral process might significantly contribute to solving the 'puzzle of Indian democracy' (Chibber & Petrocik 1989, Lijphart 1996). Linz, Juan; Stepan, Alfred; Yadav, Yogendra (2007) ''Nation State' or 'State Nation'-India in Comparative Perspective', in Shankar K. Bajpai (ed.), Democracy and Diversity: India and the American Experience, Delhi: Oxford University Press, pp. One week before the results of the Fifteenth election were announced, huge signboards bore a picture of the star anchor of CNN-IBN along with Yogendra Yadav, asserting the latter's increasing popularity. 23Linz, Stepan and Yadav 2007 represents a good example of the changing status of the Indian case in comparative studies of democracy-from an exception to a major case.
Introduction. Contextualizing and Interpreting the 15th Lok Sabha Elections
3 In the introduction to the 2004 National Election Study (NES) of Lokniti, Yogendra Yadav admitted, (...)
4Thus, is voting driven by anti-incumbency or by caste loyalty rational or irrational? American hist (...) 13 Yogendra Yadav in The Hindu, 20 May 2004. Yogendra Yadav suggests that the principal choices are made in the state assembly elections and the national consultation is increasingly 'derivative' (Yadav & Palshikar 2009: 55).19 The relevance of state goals to the participation of parties in federal coalitions is undoubtedly a major element of this analysis. 3 In the introduction to the 2004 National Election Study (NES) of Lokniti, Yogendra Yadav admitted, 'The outcome of the 14th general elections to the Lok Sabha constitutes a puzzle, something that continues to elude political actors, analysts and the public even six months after [the results…] The mandate of the election is not clear even today. 13 Yogendra Yadav in The Hindu, 20 May 2004.