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This profile was last updated on 9/22/10  and contains information from public web pages.

Employment History

  • Lead Researcher
    Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics
  • Director of the Molten-Salt Reactor Program
    Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics
  • Director
    Shanghai Institute of Nuclear Research
6 Total References
Web References
"We need a better stove that ..., 22 Sept 2010 [cached]
"We need a better stove that can burn more fuel," Xu Hongjie, a lead researcher at the Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, told Wen Hui Bao.
Among the presenters was Xu ... [cached]
Among the presenters was Xu Hongjie, the director of the molten-salt reactor program at the Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics. Under the auspices of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, SINAP is collaborating with Oak Ridge to advance research on both salt-cooled reactors (which use molten salts to transfer heat and to cool the reactor) and salt-fueled reactors (in which the fuel, where the energy-producing nuclear reactions occur, is dissolved within the salt coolant). Signed in December 2011, the Shanghai-Oak Ridge effort has been the subject of controversy and speculation among the nuclear power community, particularly those promoting advanced technologies such as molten-salt reactors and the use of thorium, an alternative nuclear fuel that is cleaner, safer, and more abundant than uranium.
At Oak Ridge this week, Xu outlined a roadmap that shows that China is further along than any other advanced reactor R&D program in the world. China, which still gets nearly three-quarters of its electricity from burning coal, is racing to develop low-carbon energy sources, including both conventional nuclear plants and advanced systems such as molten-salt reactors. The largest emitter of greenhouse gases in the world, China aims to more than double its nuclear capacity by 2020, according to the World Nuclear Association.
Xu detailed a multi-stage plan to build demonstration reactors in the next five years and deploy them commercially beginning around 2030. The institute plans to build a 10-megawatt prototype reactor, using solid fuel, by 2020, along with a two-megawatt liquid-fuel machine that will demonstrate the thorium-uranium fuel cycle. (Thorium, which is not fissile, is converted inside a reactor into a fissile isotope of uranium that produces energy and sustains the nuclear reaction.)
In all, there are 700 nuclear engineers working on the molten-salt reactor at SINAP, Xu said, a number that dwarfs other advanced-reactor research programs around the world.
Like scientists everywhere, Xu is also faced with securing funding for the next phases of the program. SINAP's molten-salt reactor research is funded through 2017, he says; beyond that the institute is seeking new funding from the central government, the Shanghai government, and the private sector. SINAP also recently signed an agreement with Fangda Group, a major Chinese conglomerate that produces carbon products, iron and steel, and chemicals, to help develop molten-salt coolants for the reactors.
"I'm very confident" that SINAP will be able to carry its molten-salt reactor program to commercialization, Xu says.
Super beam center planned in Shanghai for early cancer detection, 21 Sept 2003 [cached]
"We expect this facility to become a cutting-edge multidiscipline research center in China," said Xu Hongjie, director of the Shanghai Institute of Nuclear Research, who heads the project.
The board chairman, Xu ..., 22 Mar 2007 [cached]
The board chairman, Xu Hongjie, a senior scientist, currently is the director of SInAP.
Australian Synchrotron - Lightspeed: December 2006, 1 Dec 2006 [cached]
A delegation from the Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF), including Professor Yongxiang Lu, President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Professor Hongjie Xu, Director General of the Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, visited the Australian Synchrotron in November, and also signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Australian Synchrotron to undertake collaborative scientific activities.
Image: Prof Hongjie Xu and Ms Fran Thorn, Secretary of DIIRD representing the Minister for Innovation, shake hands after the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding between the two facilities.
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