As a result of investigative activities of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
(FBI), Anastase A. Vonsiatsky, Gerhard Wilhelm Kunze, Dr. Otto Willumeit, Dr. Wolfgang Ebell
, and Reverend Kurt E. B. Molzahn were indicted on June 10, 1942, by a Federal Grand Jury at Hartford, Connecticut, for conspiracy to violate the Espionage Act.
On November 9, 1941, Kunze crossed the border from the United States to Mexico at El Paso, Texas, having previously contacted Dr. Wolfgang Ebell
, who possessed numerous German contacts in that area and accompanied Kunze as far as Chihuahua, Mexico.
Dr. Wolfgang Ebell's part in instant conspiracy involved the allegation and subsequent evidence that Dr Ebell
acted as a go-between and contact man for Kunze and individuals allegedly in Mexico, as well as acting as a letter drop and medium of communication between Kunze and Vonsiatsky, after Kunze's departure from the United States.
Upon his arrival in El Paso, final plans were made between Kunze and Dr. Ebell
for Kunze to leave the United States.
On November 8, 1941, Kunze and Ebell
secretly drove from the United States into Mexico.
Kunze later corresponded with Ebell
and gave him instructions to be furnished to the other members of the conspiracy together with letters which were to be released in the United States.
...Dr. Wolfgang Ebell111 N. MesaEl Paso, Texas."
...Dr. Wolfgang Ebell
was born in Zabern, Alsace, France, on July 28, 1899.He lived in Germany until January 31, 1927, and received his M.D. Degree in 1924 at the University of Freiburg.He
went to Vera Cruz, Mexico, in January, 1927, and entered the United States at El Paso, Texas, in October 1930, where he
was admitted to practice medicine.He
became a naturalized American citizen in El Paso during 1939.Dr. Ebell
became affiliated with the German-American Bund
as its principal representative in El Paso in 1937.He
was intimately acquainted with Kunze, and the latter visited him on various trips throughout the United States whenever he
was in the El Paso area.The FBI
had received numerous complaints concerning Dr. Ebell
involvement in the espionage conspiracy.One individual reported having seen in Ebell's possession a picture of his
father in the uniform of a Nazi Storm Trooper giving the Nazi salute.At a meeting of a club during 1941, the club members drafted a resolution endorsing the stand of the Secretary of State who at the time was in Havana, Cuba.Ebell, who was a member of the club, attempted to block the resolution by insisting that the club should not engage in politics.
The club members replied that it was not a question of politics, but a matter involving national unity.Ebell
soon dropped out of the club altogether.Dr. Ebell
entered a plea of guilty to the espionage charges at Hartford, Connecticut, and on August 21, 1942, received a sentence of seven years in a federal prison.Previously, on December 30, 1941, a complaint had been filed at El Paso, Texas, praying for the cancellation of Ebell's certificate of naturalization.This certificate was canceled on April 2, 1942, on the grounds of fraud.