PSO One is the product of more than three years of research by the Center of Excellence for Simulation Research (CESR), a research firm founded locally by Dr. William Rutherford and Dr. Bill Hamman, both physicians and commercial pilots working for WMU's aviation college.
So how did Hamman
and Rutherford make the decision to take aviation simulation training and apply it to health care?
Hamman, who has been in medicine for 15 years and in aviation for 30, said being both a cardiologist and a commercial pilot has given him intimate knowledge at how one small mistake can lead to deadly results in both fields.
Hamman, currently an international captain for United Airlines, also served as Manager of Human Factors and Risk Assessment at United Airlines.
In this position, Hamman
was a leader in the airline industry for applying risk analysis processes in airline operations.
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"During that time, I was fascinated with the fact that safety data showed that in most aviation accidents, human error, not technical problems was the cause," Hamman
"And (data showed) that human error was a major issue in the health care field, too."
At United Airlines
also was instrumental in developing the team training and assessment of flight crews in the Advanced Qualification Program.
It was there, he
said, that he
learned to importance of developing strong teamwork and communication among crew members in emergency situations.
Identifying these gaps, Hamman
said, can create far more efficient and safer hospital procedures