Walter Gropius was the founder of the Bauhaus and an internationally acclaimed representative of modern architecture, who had a strong influence on architectural developments on both sides of the Atlantic.
studied architecture in Berlin and Munich from 1903 until 1907 but never actually graduated.
Gropius was the director of the school until 1928.
In 1934, Gropius left Germany due to the Nazi attacks on the Bauhaus and its members.
went to England were he
collaborated with the well-known modernist architect Maxwell Fry on a number of projects.
was not able to settle into the English environment well and changed his
country of residence again in 1937.
In that year he
immigrated to the United States, were Joseph Hudnut, Dean of the Architectural School at Harvard University, had offered him an academic position.
Gropius taught at the Harvard Graduate School of Design (GSD) for 14 years from 1938 until his retirement in 1952.
Parallel to his
teaching obligations Gropius joined an internationally successful architectural office, The Architects' Collaborative (TAC), within which he
remained active until shortly before his
In Cambridge, MA
also reunited with his
former Bauhaus colleague Marcel Breuer with whom Gropius
had a professional partnership until 1941.
Another emigre architect who teamed up with Gropius
in the United States was Konrad Wachsman, who had left Germany in 1941.
Wachsmann and Gropius
cooperated on the Packaged House System and unsuccessfully tried to sell the design through the General Panel corporation
Rebuilding our communities.
Chicago: P. Theobald, 1945.
Scope of total architecture.
New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers
An illustrated biography of the creator of the Bauhaus
Boston: Little Brown, 1991.