The story of Peltier Glass
begins in 1859 when Victor Peltier
, a glass craftsman, immigrated to the United States from his
native France.He moved to Ottawa, Illinois, and worked at the Ottawa Flint Glass and Bottle Company from 1882 to 1886.At this time he established the Novelty Glass Company in Ottawa.
This location was already home to several other glass companies, owing to the allure of its deposits of silica, which were among the purest in the nation.Here, Peltier
manufactured a variety of glass items, including lamp chimneys, library lamp shades, Pullman car windows, cathedral windows, and more.Most of these items were composed of opalescent glass.
In 1919 the factory burned down.Peltier
rebuilt it and changed the name to the Peltier Glass Company
.Shortly thereafter, Victor's
two sons, Sellers and Joseph, took over the company, along with one of their own sons.
This machinery was actually made in 1920 and used by Nivison-Weiskopf Company
until 1924, when it was probably sold to Peltier
.Records indicate that this little known company produced some 2,700,000 marbles with Miller's machine, though it is currently unknown what these marbles looked like.
In their first full year of marble manufacture, Peltier
produced approximately 33,000,000 marbles.The earliest Peltier marbles were made with the single-stream Miller machinery.Swirls and slags were produced in this manner.
Due to declining sales in later decades, mostly due to the influx of the extremely popular "catseyes" from Japan, Peltier
stopped producing marbles in either the late 1960s or early 1970s, though the company remains in operation today and still produces a variety of glass items.
The first marbles by Peltier
were produced by Miller machinery, and were single-stream slags and swirls. many Peltier marbles, especially early examples, have as-made blow-out holes that appear on the surface of the marble as tiny pits.
most popular marbles are the National Line Rainbos, which were produced as early as the late 1920s and up to the late 1930s.
A very distinctive type of Peerless Patch was called "Picture Marbles" by Peltier
and are usually known to collectors simply as "comics."
produced one specialized banana type in a colored base.Known as a "Root Beer Float," this marble has a dark amber base with a white vane.
SOLID COLOR MARBLES
Like most marble companies, the solid color marbles produced by Peltier
are impossible, for the most part, to differentiate from those of any other manufacturer.