## Web References
(16 Total References)

ICMI Awards for 2005: THE ICMI FELIX KLEIN MEDAL

www.mathunion.org
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Citation for the 2005 ICMI Felix Klein Award to Professor Ubiratan D'Ambrosio

...

Ubiratan D'Ambrosio
The second Felix Klein Medal of the International Commission on Mathematical Instruction (ICMI) is awarded to

Professor Ubiratan D'Ambrosio, Brasil.

...

Ubiratan D'Ambrosio was born in 1932 in São Paulo, Brazil.
He was trained as a mathematician in Brazil and Italy and obtained his doctorate in science at the University of São Paulo in 1963.
Until 1972

he spent most of

his time in the USA (Brown University, SUNY/Buffalo) where

he worked on Calculus of Variations and Measure Theory, while at the same time developing an increasing interest in interdisciplinary work and postgraduate programmes.
Upon

his return to Brazil in 1972, when

he took up the post of director of the

Institute of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Sciences at the State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Ubiratan D'Ambrosio's endeavour was to include new topics such as mathematical logic, mathematical modelling, bio-mathematics, computational linguistics and artificial intelligence as part of the Institute's research profile along with more classical areas.
Later,

he broadened

his contribution to include mathematics education.
In 1975

he was involved in creating a Masters programme in the teaching of sciences and mathematics at the

UNICAMP.

During the 1970's, Ubiratan D'Ambrosio gradually moved into the field of mathematics education, partly as a result of his involvement in the activities of the Inter-American Committee on Mathematics Education (IACME/CIAEM), of which he was later to become Vice-President and President.
...

Ubiratan D'Ambrosio was elected Vice-President of ICMI for the term 1979-1983, in which capacity he helped found the African Mathematical Union and the African Society for the Advancement of Science.
When

his term was over

he took up office as the chair of the

International Study Group of the Relations between History and Pedagogy of Mathematics.
As a result of

his interest in the social and cultural conditions for mathematics education, in particular as regards the nature of mathematical knowledge in different cultures at different times,

Ubiratan D'Ambrosio began to develop what is internationally

his best-known contribution to the field of mathematics education, the idea of ethnomathematics.
In 1978

he wrote a paper on the mathematical knowledge and practices of native American cultures, took part in a Unesco conference in Khartoum, Sudan, on developing mathematics in third world countries, and participated in a conference "Mathematics and the Real World" at

Roskilde University, Denmark.
Probably the first international presentation of

his ideas concerning ethnomathematics, including a sketch of its development into a programme of research and activity, was Ubiratan D'Ambrosio's plenary lecture "Socio-Cultural Bases for Mathematical Education" at ICME-5 in Adelaide in 1984.
Soon after came a series of publications that developed the initial ideas in greater detail, and in 1985

he co-founded the International Study Group on Ethnomathematics.

He was the Vice-President of the study group 1988-1996.
Since its inception, ethnomathematics has continued to grow as a field of research and development and has exerted considerable influence on mathematics education in several continents, above all in Latin America and Africa.

Today, Ubiratan D'Ambrosio is a very active Emeritus Professor at UNICAMP while also teaching at several other universities in São Paulo in postgraduate programmes of mathematics education and the history of science.
He also continues do research in ethnomathematics and related areas.
Ubiratan D'Ambrosio belongs to a generation that helped to found the field of mathematics education.

His contribution to research is essentially as a philosopher - in the classical broad sense of that word - of mathematics education reflecting on its role in a complex world characterised by unrest and by an uneven distribution of goods and privileges across regions, countries, and societies.
By focusing

his attention on developing cultures,

Ubiratan D'Ambrosio broadened our conception of mathematics education.
More than that,

he has helped to open the eyes of the mathematics education community to an understanding of how mathematical ideas are generated and how they evolved through the history of mankind.

ICMI Bulletin No. 47, December 1999

www.mathunion.org
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Ubiratan D'Ambrosio (Brazil, former Chair)

Inter-American Committee on Mathematics Education (1995-1999)

www.mathunion.org
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Ubiratan D'Ambrosio Rua Peixoto Gomide 1772, Apt. 83 01409-002 Sao Paulo, SP, BRAZIL E-Mail:

Current Biography International Yearbook 2003 - People Covered

www.hwwilson.com
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Ubiratan D'Ambrosio, Brazilian mathematician

ICMI Bulletin No. 47, December 1999

www.mathunion.org
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The second day started with the invited address of Dr. Ubiratan D'Ambrosio (Brazil), former president of CIAEM-IACME and permanent supporter of all its initiatives, who expressed a grounded fear of many mathematicians and mathematics educators aroused by the growing pressure from politicians, parents, and businessmen to decrease the number of hours dedicated to mathematics in primary and secondary education, and the decline in the public image and esteem of mathematics, especially among the young.
To counteract such tendencies, he suggested to link school mathematics much more closely with the needs of technology and the workplace through integrated project-based learning, to increase the connectedness between curricular areas and everyday life, and to bring traditional mathematics curricula much closer to the local cultures through ethno-mathematics.

...

Members ex-officio of the Executive Committee of

CIAEM-IACME are to be the last three former presidents:

Ubiratan