They are everywhere on the Hill," pointed out Toya Clay, M.D., who has completed six months on Capitol Hill as the 2006 APA Jeanne Spurlock Congressional Fellow.
The fellowship, which is open to PGY-2 and PGY-3 general and child psychiatry residents, helps members-in-training gain experience in health policy and related legislative issues by working in the office of a member of Congress or on the staff of a congressional committee.It comes with a $20,000 stipend plus reimbursement for the costs of moving to Washington, D.C. Clay, who has recently begun child and adolescent psychiatry residency at the University Illinois at Chicago/Institute of Juvenile Research, worked in the office of Rep.
...Toya Clay, M.D.: "Stereotypical beliefs about psychiatry are pervasive....
They are everywhere on the Hill."Clay
noted that Schakowsky
"has a stellar voting record on mental health legislation in general and has opposed legislation that would have excluded adequate mental health coverage or services."
...While stigma often dominates congressional discussions about mental illness and its treatment, Clay emphasized that "just being a psychiatrist in a member's office gives the member and their staff the opportunity to develop a personal and realistic image of psychiatrists, mental illness, and patients who suffer with mental illness." Clay
addressed the stigma issue soon after starting her
recognized that calls or visits to Schakowsky's
office from people with obvious psychiatric problems were not rare, but staffers were reluctant or unsure how to respond to these individuals.
"To address this problem, I drafted a recommended approach that the staff could use to manage such situations safely," she
Several staffers sought her
out to discuss problems or enlist her
skill for "free counseling sessions," she
noted. By serving as Schakowsky's health legislative fellow, Clay said that she had input into all health-related legislation under consideration during her time on Capitol Hill.
One key piece of legislation on which she
worked was the reauthorization of the Ryan White Comprehensive Aids Resources Emergency Act, known as the CARE Act, which since 1990 has funded a wide array of HIV/AIDS services, including substance abuse treatment, for uninsured people with HIV or AIDS.
"I was very excited to participate in this legislative process because I believe that because of the nature of HIV/AIDS, community psychiatrists should be at the forefront in fighting this epidemic," Clay
said."Not only are we experts inn the risk factors for this disease,risks such as substance abuse and the willingness to engage in high-risk sex,but we are also trained to recognize and address the biological, psychological, and sociocultural realities that indirectly put people at risk." Clay
noted that she
was part of "a dedicated group of health staffers, both Republican and Democratic, that met twice weekly for several months to work on improving the CARE Act." She
added that she
was one of only two health care professionals in the group; the other was a registered nurse."One of the most important contributions I made to this group was to describe patients I had cared for in various capacities as an intern and more recently as a resident," she
In addition to her
work on the CARE Act reauthorization, Clay
wrote two speeches for the member's chief of staff,one on mental health care funding and one on children's mental health issues.She
also attended health-related briefings and answered constituents' mail concerning health and mental health. She
advised future Spurlock fellows to carve out specific mental health issues to work on as soon as possible in their fellowship.This cements the psychiatrist's role as part of the member's team.
"My other advice," she
said, "is to ask lots of questions" about legislative process and the way things work on Capitol Hill.