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Wrong Tomas Cloma?

Tomas Cloma

Owner

University of Hawaii Press

HQ Phone:  (808) 956-8833

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I agree to the Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. I understand that I will receive a subscription to ZoomInfo Community Edition at no charge in exchange for downloading and installing the ZoomInfo Contact Contributor utility which, among other features, involves sharing my business contacts as well as headers and signature blocks from emails that I receive.

University of Hawaii Press

2840 Kolowalu Street

Honolulu, Hawaii,96822

United States

Background Information

Employment History

Chairman of the Supreme Council

Kalayaan


Chairman

Supreme Council


Affiliations

Philippine Maritime Institute

Founder


PMI Colleges , Inc.

Founder


Web References(9 Total References)


Ferdinand Marcos: 18 Intriguing Facts About The Filipino Dictator

www.filipiknow.net [cached]

Philippines' claim over the Spratlys started when Tomas Cloma landed at its biggest island in 1956.
A seafaring adventurer and owner of a fishing business, Cloma made a "Proclamation to the whole world" that a new state called "The Free Territory of Freedomland" was created. He asserted sovereignty over the area although no country formally recognized his claims. Also Read: The Baffling Truth About Philippine's Claim Over Sabah Cloma, who was also the founder of the Philippine Maritime Institute, was later jailed during the martial law era for the fraudulent use of the "admiral" title (his drinking buddies at the National Press Club called him "Admiral").


www.filipiknow.net

Philippines' claim over the Spratlys started when Tomas Cloma landed at its biggest island in 1956.
A seafaring adventurer and owner of a fishing business, Cloma made a "Proclamation to the whole world" that a new state called "The Free Territory of Freedomland" was created. He asserted sovereignty over the area although no country formally recognized his claims. Also Read: The Baffling Truth About Philippine's Claim Over Sabah Cloma, who was also the founder of the Philippine Maritime Institute, was later jailed during the martial law era for the fraudulent use of the "admiral" title (his drinking buddies at the National Press Club called him "Admiral").


List of Historical Events in the Philippines - Geotayo.com

www.geotayo.com [cached]

Birth of Tomas Cloma - Founder of PMI Colleges, Inc.


Spratly Islands - Famous Chinese Seas and Islands - Travel to China

www.famouschinese.com [cached]

While the Philippine claim to the Spratly Islands was first expressed in the United Nations General Assembly in 1946, Philippine involvement in the Spratlys did not begin in earnest until 1956, when on 15 May Philippine citizen Tomas Cloma proclaimed the founding of a new state, Kalayaan (Freedom Land).
Cloma’s Kalayaan encompassed fifty three features spread throughout the eastern South China Sea, including Spratly Island proper, Itu Aba, Pagasa and Nam Yit Islands, as well as West York Island, North Danger Reef, Mariveles Reef and Investigator Shoal. Cloma then established a protectorate in July 1956 with Pagasa as its capital and Cloma as “Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Kalayaan State”. This action, although not officially endorsed by the Philippine government, was considered by other claimant nations as an act of aggression by the Philippines and international reaction was swift. Taiwan, the PRC, South Vietnam, France, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands lodged official protests (the Netherlands on the premise that it considered the Spratly Islands part of Dutch New Guinea) and Taiwan sent a naval task force to “liberate” the islands and establish a base on Itu Aba, which it retains to the present day. Tomas Cloma and the Philippines continued to state their claims over the islands; in October 1956 Cloma travelled to New York to plead his case before the United Nations and the Philippines had troops posted on three islands by 1968 on the premise of protecting Kalayaan citizens. In early 1971 the Philippines sent a diplomatic note on behalf of Cloma to Taipei demanding Taiwan’s withdrawal from Itu Aba and on 10 July in the same year Ferdinand Marcos announced the annexation of the fifty three island group known as Kalayaan, although since neither Cloma or Marcos specified which fifty three features constituted Kalayaan, the Philippines began to claim as many features as possible. In April of 1972 Kalayaan was officially incorporated into Palawan province and was administered as a single “poblacion” (township), with Tomas Cloma as the town council Chairman and by 1992, there were twelve registered voters on Kalayaan. Philippine businessman Tomas Cloma did exactly that in 1956 and while the Philippines never officially supported Cloma’s claim, upon transference of the islands’ sovereignty from Cloma to the Philippines, the Philippines used the same sovereignty argument as Cloma did.


www.journal.com.ph

PMI, founded by Admiral Tomas Cloma in 1948, is the Philippines' pioneer Maritime educational institution.
It has established itself as the premier maritime school in the country, known internationally as one of the producers of the world's best seafarers.


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