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2013-05-29T00:00:00.000Z

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Wrong Tomas Cloma?

Tomas Cloma

Owner

Philippine Maritime Institute, Inc.

Philippine Maritime Institute, Inc.

Background Information

Employment History

Chairman of the Supreme Council

Kalayaan

Chairman

Supreme Council

Affiliations

Founder
The PMI College

Founder
PMI

Web References (7 Total References)


List of Historical Events in the Philippines - Geotayo.com

www.geotayo.com [cached]

Birth of Tomas Cloma - Founder of PMI Colleges, Inc.


PMI, founded by Admiral ...

www.journal.com.ph [cached]

PMI, founded by Admiral Tomas Cloma in 1948, is the Philippines' pioneer Maritime educational institution. It has established itself as the premier maritime school in the country, known internationally as one of the producers of the world's best seafarers.


Spratly Islands - Famous Chinese Seas and Islands - Travel to China

www.famouschinese.com [cached]

While the Philippine claim to the Spratly Islands was first expressed in the United Nations General Assembly in 1946, Philippine involvement in the Spratlys did not begin in earnest until 1956, when on 15 May Philippine citizen Tomas Cloma proclaimed the founding of a new state, Kalayaan (Freedom Land). Cloma’s Kalayaan encompassed fifty three features spread throughout the eastern South China Sea, including Spratly Island proper, Itu Aba, Pagasa and Nam Yit Islands, as well as West York Island, North Danger Reef, Mariveles Reef and Investigator Shoal. Cloma then established a protectorate in July 1956 with Pagasa as its capital and Cloma as “Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Kalayaan State”. This action, although not officially endorsed by the Philippine government, was considered by other claimant nations as an act of aggression by the Philippines and international reaction was swift. Taiwan, the PRC, South Vietnam, France, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands lodged official protests (the Netherlands on the premise that it considered the Spratly Islands part of Dutch New Guinea) and Taiwan sent a naval task force to “liberate” the islands and establish a base on Itu Aba, which it retains to the present day.

Tomas Cloma and the Philippines continued to state their claims over the islands; in October 1956 Cloma travelled to New York to plead his case before the United Nations and the Philippines had troops posted on three islands by 1968 on the premise of protecting Kalayaan citizens. In early 1971 the Philippines sent a diplomatic note on behalf of Cloma to Taipei demanding Taiwan’s withdrawal from Itu Aba and on 10 July in the same year Ferdinand Marcos announced the annexation of the fifty three island group known as Kalayaan, although since neither Cloma or Marcos specified which fifty three features constituted Kalayaan, the Philippines began to claim as many features as possible.
...
In April of 1972 Kalayaan was officially incorporated into Palawan province and was administered as a single “poblacion” (township), with Tomas Cloma as the town council Chairman and by 1992, there were twelve registered voters on Kalayaan.
...
Philippine businessman Tomas Cloma did exactly that in 1956 and while the Philippines never officially supported Cloma’s claim, upon transference of the islands’ sovereignty from Cloma to the Philippines, the Philippines used the same sovereignty argument as Cloma did.


While the Philippines' claim to Spratly ...

filipinojournal.com [cached]

While the Philippines' claim to Spratly Islands was first made in the United Nations in 1946, its involvement did not begin in earnest until 1956, when the Filipino adventurer Tomas Cloma proclaimed the founding of a new state, named Kalayaan. Cloma's view, which is in congruence with that of present-day government, is that the Spratlys are res nullius, or "nobody's property. Kalayaan encompassed fifty-three features spread on the eastern South China Sea, Itu Aba, Pag-asa, and Nam Yit Islands, not including Spratly Island proper. Cloma established a protectorate with Pag-asa as the capital and himself as Chairman of the Supreme Council. The other claimants lodged official protests and Taiwan sent a naval taskforce to occupy the islands and establish a base on Itu Aba, which it retains to the present day. By 1968, the Philippines had troops posted on three islands on the premise of protecting the citizens of Kalayaan. In early 1971, the Philippines, on behalf of Cloma, sent a diplomatic note to Taipei, demanding their withdrawal from Itu Aba. In April 1972, Kalayaan was officially incorporated into Palawan by the Marcos government and was administered as a municipality with Tomas Cloma as the town council chairman.


Tomas Cloma - Founder of ...

www.geotayo.com [cached]

Tomas Cloma - Founder of PMI Colleges, Inc.

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