"As a parent of a toddler, I am fully aware of how important good near-vision is for learning," says Dr. Timothy Smith of Halpern Eye Care, which has offices in Wilmington and eight other locations in Delaware.
"My advice to parents of toddlers is to sit down and look at a book with the youngster and see if they can point out different pictures.
Also, it is vital to look for any signs of an eye turning inward or outward, as well as making sure the child is not squinting.
Even if the child is not exhibiting problems, Smith
recommends that toddlers get vision exams before entering preschool.
"I always advise parents to get teens' eyes checked before their child gets a license to ensure that their vision is good for safe driving," says Smith
"This is crucial to kids who do not wear prescription glasses because some refractive conditions like astigmatism may worsen in low-light situations like driving at night or on snowy, gloomy days."
Why does vision change when people get into their 40s?
"Presbyopia," answers Smith
"A few conditions that have a tendency to come with birthdays are cataracts and age-related macular degeneration," Smith
explains how AMD progresses.
"The central part of our vision, called the macula, begins to atrophy, and precipitates called drusen begin to form in it," he
There are two types of AMD
: dry and wet.
Of patients diagnosed with AMD
, the dry version occurs in 90 percent of the cases and wet occurs in 10 percent.
"Wet AMD refers to blood vessels that form in the macula, which obstructs vision," Smith