(Profile by: Talha Abbasi)
Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani has a soul enriched with religion and a face beaming with the shine of Islam.
He has served as a scholar and an intellectual who contributed his share into the knowledge pool with commitment and dedication, and continues doing so.
He is an expert in the fields of Islamic Jurisprudence, Economics, Hadith and Tasawwuf.
Born in Deoband in 1362 Hijri (1943 CE), he graduated par excellence form Dars e Nizami at Darul Uloom, Karachi, Pakistan.
specialized in Islamic Jurisprudence under the guidance of his
eminent father, Mufti Muhammad Shafi, the late Grand Mufti of Pakistan.
Since then, he has been teaching hadith and Fiqh at the Darul-Uloom, Karachi.
has authority to teach hadith from his
father Mufti Muhammad Shafi, Maulana Idrees Khandhelawi, Qari Mohammed Tayyeb, Maulana Saleemullah Khan, Mufti Rasheed, Moulana Sehban Mahmood, Allama Zafar Ahmed Usmani, Sheikhul Hadith Moulana Zakariya Khandelawi, Sheikh Hassan Meshat (ra) and others.
In tradition to the scholars of Deoband, recognizing the importance of Tasawwuf, he
traversed the path under the guidance of Sheikh Dr. Abdul Hayy Arifi and Moulana Maseehullah Khan both khulafa of Hakeemul Ummat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (rahmetullah ajmaeen).
And is authorized by both of his
mentors in Silsila e Ashrafia: Chistiyyah, Naqshbandiyah, Qadiriyah and Suharwardiyah.
In addition to his
busy schedule he
is himself a mentor to numerous spiritual aspirants all over the world.
He also holds a degree in law and was a Judge at the Sharia Appellate Bench of the Supreme Court of Pakistan till recently.
He is a consultant to several international Islamic financial institutions and has played a key part in the move toward interest free banking and the establishment of Islamic financial institutions.
is considered to be an authority on this subject.
is the deputy chairman of the Jeddah based Islamic Fiqah Council
of the Organization of Islamic Conference
has been writing on various Islamic topics and is author of more than 60 books and numerous articles.
Presently he is the Vice-president of Darul-Uloom, Karachi, Pakistan, where he teaches Sahih Bukhari, Fiqh and Islamic economics.
also conducts a weekly session for the public interested in spiritual improvement.
Islamic economics and finance are his
core competencies and he
has a great deal of expertise in these areas.
During the days of his education when he was a student of Dars-I-Nizami, his father Mufti Muhammad Shafi was struggling for enforcement of Islamic law and Islamic mode of living in the country.
In this connection, many people would visit him.
As a child, he
would see all this and felt that there was an acute need to work in that direction.
People would put questions to his
father and many issues would come to light.
At that time, he
felt that in deeni madaris (religious institute), there was a lack awareness and research required for explaining the ruling of Shari'ah regarding those issues.
Since childhood, he
believed that we should have a positive program to show to the world before we launch a campaign for implementation of Islamic system.
Since the law and system prevailing in the world was every inch man-made, he
strongly felt a desire to introduce the Islamic law.
The Islamic law is eternal and all-embracing and nobody can change it, but he
thought that the manner to introduce it should be people-friendly So that they can easily understand what the Islamic law is.
On the other hand, he
realized that finance was the biggest problem of the world.
It is the basis of all the economic wars, the basis of duel between communism and capitalism and the basis on which the world powers make their plans.
felt a need to understand the current financial system and then present Islam's economic system as a substitute.
Therefore, when he
started teaching after completing his
made a resolve to learn the modern science of finance and use his
capabilities for the service of Islam.
started work under trying circumstances with almost no resources available.
would give lessons for five hours and wrote fatwas for three hours.
In the meantime, he
was working on Islamic jurisprudence.
After the Asr Prayer, he
would board a bus to go to the city.
In those days, buses were not easily available and he
had to change two buses.
would return at about 11 pm.
During this period, he
would study the sciences related to finance.
used to spend time in library.
At that time, he
was also working on a book "From the bible to the Quran" and dedicated time for it.
initiated work on finance, he
felt that the biggest fault in the prevailing financial system was Riba (interest) as described in the verses of Holy Quran.
At the age of 20, he
third book" Commercial Interest".
Prior to that, he
had written two books.
By the grace of Allah Almighty, he
got opportunities to bring out his
research on finance.
Meanwhile, some Islamic banks were established and they contacted him to seek his
In this way, he
way in this field.
Regarding the fight against Riba (Interest) he
feels that the foremost thing required for bringing any change is firm determination.
Until and unless the people at the helm of affairs make a resolve to do this work, we cannot eliminate it.
believes Sudan is the only Islamic country, which has implemented the interest-free system.
is optimistic, and believes that Pakistan will InshaAllah have an Islamic banking system, sooner than later.
contributions and efforts will make this happen, InshaAllah !!!