President, Organic Farmers Club, Bedkihal, Taluka Chikodi, Belgaum-591-214
Ph.: 08338 261052, Cell: 09480448256
has achieved a production miracle in organic sugarcane farming through an innovative mulching system devised entirely on his
approach is that whatever elements are essential to sugarcane (or any other crop) should be supplied through the medium of a multi-mix of vegetation that has decomposed.
This is achieved he
says by microbial saturation, catalyzed by mulching, in the treated soil.
This resulting biomass product of mulching is known as 'Aurogreen' in honour of the activities of the Maharishi Aurobindo Ashram.
The tonnage of sugarcane achieved by Suresh Desai
is substantially higher that that produced on chemical farms.
Besides this, his
methods have ensured a big saving in water usage for a crop which has always been known to be a water guzzler.
Nine to 10 irrigations for the entire duration of the crop are now sufficient because the soil has incresed its capacity for retention of water.
The soil becomes rich in organic matter and in, as he
calls it, bio-film - a rich, loamy layer of soil that is densely polullated, not only by earth fauna, such as earthworms, but one that is taken over by earth colonies of beneficial fungi, aiding and enhancing the process of decomposition.
The most remarkable feat of Desai
is that, besides being a successful practitioner of his
communicates the science and art of his
techniques in a simple lucid manner to one and all.
recent initiative in this direction is the development of an organic farming training package that is being offered to framers around Kholapur in Maharashtra.
Spread across Kholapur in Maharshtra.
Spread across Kholapur district are many demonstration plots growing various local crops exhibiting his
innovative farming methods.
is working in collaboration with Mahila Arthik Vikas Sangathana in five districts of Maharashtra promoting kitchen garden farming amongst rural women.
According to Mr. Desai
there are four vital factors that affect crop yield: light, air, soil fertility and water.
Farming has stressed so far on soil fertility and water, which though important play only part of the role in obtaining good yields.
As a consequence, farmers have over used fertilisers and water.
believes that this over use is firstly not required and secondly caused growth of weeds, kills soil microorganisms leading to disease in crops.
emphasis now has been to introduce strip farming and low inputs of water.
Apart from this he
is conducting experiments in making optimum use of light and air which are freely available and can be put to optimum use if one follows a relevant sowing pattern depending on the crop.
is in the process of writing a paper on light and air harvesting technology which is available on request.
Sugarcane cultivation being his
research indicates that a combination of sugarcane and turmeric planting has a 'liche-crop pattern benefit' meaning they enjoy a symbiotic relationship ensuring high yield of both.
is basically an institution in himself.
Like all pioneers, he
has worked on his
own without much assistance from Government officials or universities, to perfect his
system of organic farming in the growing of sugarcane and spreading the word widely.
Mr. Desai is presently the Vice-President of Global Green Agricultural Society, Kolhapur, Maharashtra which primarily works towards disseminaitng information on organic methods and an active working member of the Organic Food Club, Yamakanmaradi.
was honoured for his
work by the Government of Karnataka as Krishi Pandit for the year 2005-2006. (Source: Communication with OIP)