In 1993, democratically elected president Abülfaz Elçibay was overthrown by a military insurrection led by Colonel Surat Huseynov, which resulted in the rise to power of the former leader of Soviet Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev.
, one of the many historical landmarks that were destroyed during Nagorno-Karabakh War.]] In 1994, Surat Huseynov
, by that time a prime minister, attempted another military coup against Heydar Aliyev, but Huseynov
was arrested and charged with treason.