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This profile was last updated on 10/1/00  and contains information from public web pages.
 
Background

Employment History

  • Palestinian Minister
    Foreign Affrairs Mahmoud Zahar
  • Spokesman
    Fatah
  • Foreign Minister
    PA
14 Total References
Web References
By winning the legislative elections of ...
www.esisc.org, 1 Oct 2000 [cached]
By winning the legislative elections of January 2006 and then taking control of the Gaza Strip during a bloody Putsch in June 2007, Hamas became a power to reckon with on the Palestinian political scene. Since then, the Islamic resistance movement has never ceased to be a terrorist organisation,[1] responsible for the death of hundreds of Israeli civilians - and now of Palestinian civilians. Its founding charter as well as its ongoing and constant propaganda call for violence and the destruction of the Jewish state.
At the present hour, when the future of the Middle-East is still playing out in Gaza - despite the unilateral cease-fire decreed by the Israeli security cabinet, followed thereafter by Hamas, - we propose to shed some light on the origins of the Islamist movement right up to today, its doctrine, its objectives, its resources and the support which it receives.
...
In 1987, the outbreak of the first Intifada saw, at the initiative of the Muslim Brotherhood,[3] the creation of an Islamic resistance movement, Hamas.
...
In August 1988, the charter[7] of Hamas was unveiled.
...
During all of the first Intifada, Hamas and its military branch, the Ezzedine al-Kassam Brigades, positioned themselves as serious competitors to Fatah and the PLO.[8] Condemning first the Madrid Conference, then the Oslo Accords, Hamas faced a dilemma at the start of the 1990s: how to continue armed struggle for the total liberation of Palestine and to preserve its associated network. For this purpose, a timid dialogue was established with the Palestinian Authority (PA) and the movement failed to even participate in the legislative elections of January 1996.
Following the 1996 suicide attack campaign which dealt a heavy blow to the Israeli civilian population, the Jewish state demanded that the Palestinian Authority curb Hamas. The dismantling of the organisation and arrest of many leaders quickly took precedence over the fragile dialogue that Hamas had established with the PA. Notwithstanding the efforts of Mohammed Dahlan, Hamas remained de facto in place. The dismantling of the organisation and arrest of many leaders quickly took precedence over the fragile dialogue that Hamas had established with the PA. Notwithstanding the efforts of Mohammed Dahlan, Hamas remained de facto in place.
...
In 1997, the historic leader of Hamas, Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, was released by the Israelis.
...
Generally speaking, Hamas was tolerated insofar as it did not oppose the PA.
During the second Intifada, Hamas grew in both political and military influence, joining forces with those of the al-Aqsa Brigades in armed action and many suicide attacks resulted in hundreds of deaths.[9] The movement further extended its popularity when Israeli forces murdered Sheikh Ahmed Yassin on 22 March 2004 and Abdel Aziz Rantissi, who was Yassin's chosen successor, on 17 April 2004.
...
Etzev also participated in the creation of local committees of Hamas in many cities and villages of Saudi Arabia.[10] Whatever the case may be, the substantial aid that Hamas received from Saudi Arabia was considerably reduced thanks particularly to international pressure.
III. From the decay of Fatah to the victory of Hamas in the legislative elections
In December 2005, Hamas beat Fatah in the main cities of the West Bank. This breakthrough was no accident. Following the example of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, the members and sympathisers of Hamas - present en masse - organised themselves around the voting centres, distributing prospectuses and accompanying the voters right up to the door.
...
While Hamas positioned itself as the party of 'clean' methods and campaigned against corruption, Fatah was rent between two separate candidate lists.
...
Hamas, which had made the fight against the Jewish state its principal campaign slogan, followed suit several days later and also declared an end to the truce with Israel.
Called upon to renew the Palestinian Legislative Council for the first time since 1996 (when it was boycotted by Hamas), Palestinian voters of the West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem went to the polls.
...
After having suspended its direct assistance to the PA since the election of Hamas, the Quartet charged the European Union on 9 May 2006 with the task of creating a 'temporary' mechanism for bringing in aid without going through the Hamas government.
But at the moment when Europe finalised its aid mechanism, President Abbas froze the accounts of Hamas following repeated clashes between Hamas and the Fatah forces.
...
Meanwhile, after a long trip to raise funds, principally in the Arab capitals (Cairo, Damascus) but also in Tehran, Palestinian Minister of Foreign Affrairs Mahmoud Zahar (Hamas) brought back nearly 20 million dollars in his baggage and passed through the border checkpoint at Rafah after the office of the President of the PA had authorised the transfer of money to the Ministry of Finance!
...
Since its accession to power, Hamas has not changed.
...
Mobilised like human shields by fundamentalist Palestinian radio, many women undertook to resist the Israeli Army in order to facilitate the flight of members of Hamas. Exchange of fire followed between the Israeli forces and male Hamas militants dressed up as women and concealed among the others! In the end, two activists and two Palestinian women were killed. The Prime Minister hailed "the women of Palestine who conducted a protest to put an end to the siege at Beit Hanoun.' Most of the media covering the scene spoke of the death of the two women instead of how they were used cynically by Hamas. The next week, a female kamikaze, Merfat Masoud, 18 years old, blew herself up in Beit Hanoun.
In November 2006, several hundred demonstrators joined by the Prime Minister of Hamas formed a human shield around and on the roof of the house of Mohamed Baroud, a member of the Committee of Popular Resistance.
...
By acting in this way, Hamas violates not only the first protocol of the Geneva Convention (article 51, which stipulates that the parties must abstain from using the civilian population to protect military targets from attack or use them as a screen for military operations) but it demonstrates - yet again - that in their view life (whether that of a civilian or a candidate kamikaze) has very little significance.
...
In a bloody coup d'état, Hamas turned against the armed forces of Fatah. There was pillaging, destruction of the infrastructure and official buildings, many of them having been erected thanks to money from European taxpayers, summary executions, the stopping of ambulances, breaking into hospitals, kidnapping and the murder of civilians, a fatwa against the political and security chiefs of Fatah and murder of UN functionaries. There were truly war crimes that went on for a week marked by incredible violence.
Two days later, on 17 June, Mahmoud Abbas dismissed the Prime Minister from Hamas and named in his place the Minister of Finance, Salam Fayyad (whose party won just 2% of the votes in the elections).
...
One notes that this strong action by the Palestinian President is against the Palestinian constitution, which requires that the Prime Minister be a member of the parliamentary majority (meaning from Hamas). He also proceeded to make official the split between Gaza and the West Bank, two territories which would now be run by two distinct governments.
...
According to the reports of the spokesman of Fatah in mid-August 2007, Hamas was guilty of the following abuses: 'shootings, the murder of Fatah activists at Khan Younes and Rafah, shooting during the marriage of a Fatah member etc.' For Hamas, these exchanges of fire and other incidents were part of the struggle to bring order and security to Gaza. And it must be said that this succeeded, since a relative calm returned to Gaza, and the host of armed groups were no longer attacking one another in a climate of anarchy.
Aside from the summary executions and arrests of supporters of Fatah, Hamas in particular deposed and arrested Dr. Saka, iconic director of the ShifaHospital in Gaza.
...
From the very first episode, the new character from Hamas says he wants: 'to take Farfour's path, the path of Islam, heroism, martyrdom and the Mujahideen (...) to take revenge on the enemies of Allah, the assassins of the prophets and of innocent children right up to the liberation of Al-Aqsa from its impurity.'[19]
The Hamas television station al-Aqsa TV then decided to broadcast a cartoon intended for a wider audience in order to denounce Fatah. The Fatah supporters are represented there in the form of rats who infest the West Bank and Gaza, while Hamas is symbolised by a powerful, pure-hearted lion. Political speeches during which the leaders of Hamas denounce Fatah are conveyed by a cartoon which, as Bissan Al-Cheik explains, is aimed at 'those who do not share the point of view of Hamas on Palestine, and those to whom Hamas wants it to be clear they will ruin their future fate if they oppose it.'[20]
...
Hamas never stopped asking the religious authorities que
Hamas and Hezbollah militias on ...
www.cijr.com, 29 Sept 2006 [cached]
Hamas and Hezbollah militias on parade emulate the style of brownshirts.
...
So when its terrorist enemies like Hezbollah and Hamas brilliantly married their own fascist creed with popular left-wing multiculturalism in the West, there was an eerie union: yet another supposed Third World victim of a Western oppressor thinking it could earn a pass for its murderous agenda.
We're accustomed to associating hatred of Jews with the ridiculed Neanderthal Right of those in sheets and jackboots.
...
[Syria]sponsors not only Hamas and Hizbullah, but also other groups in Lebanon like the Palestinian Asbat al-Ansar and the Sunni Lebanese group, Islamic Action Front, of Fathi Yakan.
...
Thus Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas runs around, most recently to the UN, claiming that his supposed national unity government (which doesn't seem to exist in reality) will ensure the moderation of Hamas.
...
EGYPT TO HAMAS: FREE SHALIT-(Gaza) Egypt has demanded that Hamas immediately release Corporal Gilad Shalit, abducted by Hamas-linked terrorists, to avoid a worsening crisis in the Gaza Strip.
...
Suleiman's message also demanded Hamas cooperate fully with PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas in forming a national unity government, reflecting Egypt's increasing impatience with Hamas over reaching a prisoner swap for the release of Shalit. (Ha'aretz, Sept. 27)
...
Suleiman's message also demanded Hamas cooperate fully with PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas in forming a national unity government, reflecting Egypt's increasing impatience with Hamas over reaching a prisoner swap for the release of Shalit. (Ha'aretz, Sept. 27)
...
In your midst, Hamas and Hezbollah are working to destabilize the region, and your government is turning your country into a tool of Iran.This is increasing your country's isolation from the world.
...
In its lethal form, this animus finds expression as state-sanctioned genocidal anti-Semitism, such as that embraced by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's Iran, and its terrorist proxies, Hamas and Hezbollah ...
...
God is everywhere, however, in the 1988 charter of Hamas.
...
Less than a year later, in January 2006, Hamas completed its journey from a fringe movement to the Prime Minister's Office…
In stark contrast to the PLO Charter, in Hamas's charter the name "Allah" appears a resounding 105 times; with 39 quotes from the Koran and the sayings and practices of Muhammad.Every part of Hamas's ideology is presented as God's eternal truth.Indeed, those who drafted the document opened it with the words, "In the name of Allah the most Merciful," followed by verses from the Koran that focus on Islamic supremacy -- fitting for a religious work, not a political document.Hamas is an acronym for Islamic Resistance Movement; the word "Palestine" is not even present in the movement's name….
Fatah and Hamas both seek Israel's destruction-so from an Israeli perspective there is little practical difference between the two.But for Palestinians, the two movements represent completely divergent goals.The PLO Charter saw the Palestinian state as temporary, leading to "Arab unity" [Article 11], while the Hamas Charter sees the destruction of Israel as leading to Islamic unity-and a time when muezzins will announce from Palestine's minarets the birth of the "State of Islam."[Article 9].
This transition from secular Arab leadership to radical Islamic leadership has significant implications.Under a Hamas government, peace and acceptance of Israel's right to exist will never be possible because Hamas sees the destruction of Israel and extermination of Jews as reflecting God's unchanging truths [Articles 7 and 3].
[W]hereas pronouncements made in Arabic by the Arafat-Abbas regimes, or a look at the school books they have produced, make it clear that Fatah never accepted Israel's right to exist, secular Palestinian nationalism always had an intrinsic potential for moderation ...But because of its divinely dictated ideology, however, acceptance of Israel is impossible for Hamas.
...
The current efforts between Fatah and Hamas to form a new unity government do not reflect a closing of the ideological gap, but a desperate need for renewal of Western funding.Whatever happens in the current efforts between Fatah and Hamas to form a coalition government, the fundamental ideological and theological shift in orientation described above is unlikely to change.
...
HAMAS DECLARES EU TO LIFT PA SIEGE
...
All the issues are open for discussion from out point of view, and Abbas can meet Israeli politicians from our point of view," Yusef said… Yusef said Hamas can offer Israel a hudna, a long-term cease-fire, but not a peace agreement.
...
As for its successor, the ultramontane Sunni Hamas, and its even more chiliastic Shia half-ally in Lebanon, Hezbollah, they do not want any accommodation or compromise, and they do not pretend to.They would be waging war against the Jewish state even if it were contained within the precarious boundaries of the 1949 armistice agreements.Even, in fact, if Israel existed only within the even more precarious limits of the 1947 U.N. Partition Plan.What we are seeing from the two independent centers of "resistance" in Gaza and Lebanon is an existential clash between those who adhere to primitive ideologies and an intellectually curious, democratic society.It is this kind of society--scientific, free-spirited, and, yes, even fun-loving and life-loving--that threatens them and to which they cannot adjust.These traits may constitute the essence of the Zionist achievement, a joyous rejection of everything grim in the Jewish past.
Hamas and Hezbollah made the identical mistake in abducting Israeli soldiers… President Jacques Chirac, who--like Vladimir Putin--has learned very little about Muslim fanaticism despite his bitter experience with it, was perplexed by the ferocity of the Israeli reaction to these deeds.
...
Prospects for peace in the Middle East have been dealt an enormous blow by the election triumph of Hamas in January 2006.Palestinian education, television shows, websites, and even families are all being mobilized in an intensified environment of agitated hatred toward Israel and Israelis.
Mahmoud al-Zahar, a founder of Hamas and the current PA foreign minister, understands the key role of education: "We will turn every facet of life into resistance.
...
Not only do the terrorists emanate from the camps, but UNRWA employees, who are themselves refugees, are often in the service of Hamas."
The UN Commissioner General for UNRWA, Peter Hansen, explained: "Hamas as a political organization does not mean that every member is a militant and we do not do political vetting and exclude people from one persuasion as against another."
...
Since Hamas is committed to mobilizing its youth for violence, revamping the Palestinian education system is a vital prerequisite to resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. [T]here needs to be a genuine attempt to reform informal education, such as summer camps, and put an end to the hostile propaganda (such as posters and television programming) that is so prevalent in Palestinian society.
...
Critics of the term chosen by the president, however, should remember what al Qaeda, the Taliban, Hezbollah, Hamas and other extremist Muslim groups have said and done.
...
In the words of the covenant of the Islamic Resistance Movement, better known by its Arabic acronym Hamas: "The land of Palestine has been an Islamic trust (waqf) throughout the generations and until the day of resurrection....
By winning the legislative elections of ...
www.esisc.net, 1 Oct 2000 [cached]
By winning the legislative elections of January 2006 and then taking control of the Gaza Strip during a bloody Putsch in June 2007, Hamas became a power to reckon with on the Palestinian political scene. Since then, the Islamic resistance movement has never ceased to be a terrorist organisation, responsible for the death of hundreds of Israeli civilians - and now of Palestinian civilians. Its founding charter as well as its ongoing and constant propaganda call for violence and the destruction of the Jewish state.
At the present hour, when the future of the Middle-East is still playing out in Gaza - despite the unilateral cease-fire decreed by the Israeli security cabinet, followed thereafter by Hamas, - we propose to shed some light on the origins of the Islamist movement right up to today, its doctrine, its objectives, its resources and the support which it receives.
...
In 1987, the outbreak of the first Intifada saw, at the initiative of the Muslim Brotherhood, the creation of an Islamic resistance movement, Hamas.
...
In August 1988, the charter of Hamas was unveiled.
...
During all of the first Intifada, Hamas and its military branch, the Ezzedine al-Kassam Brigades, positioned themselves as serious competitors to Fatah and the PLO. Condemning first the Madrid Conference, then the Oslo Accords, Hamas faced a dilemma at the start of the 1990s: how to continue armed struggle for the total liberation of Palestine and to preserve its associated network. For this purpose, a timid dialogue was established with the Palestinian Authority (PA) and the movement failed to even participate in the legislative elections of January 1996.
Following the 1996 suicide attack campaign which dealt a heavy blow to the Israeli civilian population, the Jewish state demanded that the Palestinian Authority curb Hamas. The dismantling of the organisation and arrest of many leaders quickly took precedence over the fragile dialogue that Hamas had established with the PA. Notwithstanding the efforts of Mohammed Dahlan, Hamas remained de facto in place. The dismantling of the organisation and arrest of many leaders quickly took precedence over the fragile dialogue that Hamas had established with the PA. Notwithstanding the efforts of Mohammed Dahlan, Hamas remained de facto in place.
...
In 1997, the historic leader of Hamas, Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, was released by the Israelis.
...
Generally speaking, Hamas was tolerated insofar as it did not oppose the PA.
During the second Intifada, Hamas grew in both political and military influence, joining forces with those of the al-Aqsa Brigades in armed action and many suicide attacks resulted in hundreds of deaths.
...
Etzev also participated in the creation of local committees of Hamas in many cities and villages of Saudi Arabia. Whatever the case may be, the substantial aid that Hamas received from Saudi Arabia was considerably reduced thanks particularly to international pressure.
III. From the decay of Fatah to the victory of Hamas in the legislative elections
In December 2005, Hamas beat Fatah in the main cities of the West Bank. This breakthrough was no accident. Following the example of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, the members and sympathisers of Hamas - present en masse - organised themselves around the voting centres, distributing prospectuses and accompanying the voters right up to the door.
...
While Hamas positioned itself as the party of 'clean' methods and campaigned against corruption, Fatah was rent between two separate candidate lists.
...
Hamas, which had made the fight against the Jewish state its principal campaign slogan, followed suit several days later and also declared an end to the truce with Israel.
Called upon to renew the Palestinian Legislative Council for the first time since 1996 (when it was boycotted by Hamas), Palestinian voters of the West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem went to the polls.
...
After having suspended its direct assistance to the PA since the election of Hamas, the Quartet charged the European Union on 9 May 2006 with the task of creating a 'temporary' mechanism for bringing in aid without going through the Hamas government.
But at the moment when Europe finalised its aid mechanism, President Abbas froze the accounts of Hamas following repeated clashes between Hamas and the Fatah forces.
...
Meanwhile, after a long trip to raise funds, principally in the Arab capitals (Cairo, Damascus) but also in Tehran, Palestinian Minister of Foreign Affrairs Mahmoud Zahar (Hamas) brought back nearly 20 million dollars in his baggage and passed through the border checkpoint at Rafah after the office of the President of the PA had authorised the transfer of money to the Ministry of Finance!
...
Since its accession to power, Hamas has not changed.
...
Mobilised like human shields by fundamentalist Palestinian radio, many women undertook to resist the Israeli Army in order to facilitate the flight of members of Hamas. Exchange of fire followed between the Israeli forces and male Hamas militants dressed up as women and concealed among the others! In the end, two activists and two Palestinian women were killed. The Prime Minister hailed "the women of Palestine who conducted a protest to put an end to the siege at Beit Hanoun.' Most of the media covering the scene spoke of the death of the two women instead of how they were used cynically by Hamas. The next week, a female kamikaze, Merfat Masoud, 18 years old, blew herself up in Beit Hanoun.
In November 2006, several hundred demonstrators joined by the Prime Minister of Hamas formed a human shield around and on the roof of the house of Mohamed Baroud, a member of the Committee of Popular Resistance.
...
By acting in this way, Hamas violates not only the first protocol of the Geneva Convention (article 51, which stipulates that the parties must abstain from using the civilian population to protect military targets from attack or use them as a screen for military operations) but it demonstrates - yet again - that in their view life (whether that of a civilian or a candidate kamikaze) has very little significance.
...
In a bloody coup d'état, Hamas turned against the armed forces of Fatah. There was pillaging, destruction of the infrastructure and official buildings, many of them having been erected thanks to money from European taxpayers, summary executions, the stopping of ambulances, breaking into hospitals, kidnapping and the murder of civilians, a fatwa against the political and security chiefs of Fatah and murder of UN functionaries. There were truly war crimes that went on for a week marked by incredible violence.
Two days later, on 17 June, Mahmoud Abbas dismissed the Prime Minister from Hamas and named in his place the Minister of Finance, Salam Fayyad (whose party won just 2% of the votes in the elections).
...
One notes that this strong action by the Palestinian President is against the Palestinian constitution, which requires that the Prime Minister be a member of the parliamentary majority (meaning from Hamas). He also proceeded to make official the split between Gaza and the West Bank, two territories which would now be run by two distinct governments.
...
According to the reports of the spokesman of Fatah in mid-August 2007, Hamas was guilty of the following abuses: 'shootings, the murder of Fatah activists at Khan Younes and Rafah, shooting during the marriage of a Fatah member etc.' For Hamas, these exchanges of fire and other incidents were part of the struggle to bring order and security to Gaza. And it must be said that this succeeded, since a relative calm returned to Gaza, and the host of armed groups were no longer attacking one another in a climate of anarchy.
Aside from the summary executions and arrests of supporters of Fatah, Hamas in particular deposed and arrested Dr. Saka, iconic director of the Shifa Hospital in Gaza.
...
From the very first episode, the new character from Hamas says he wants: 'to take Farfour's path, the path of Islam, heroism, martyrdom and the Mujahideen (…) to take revenge on the enemies of Allah, the assassins of the prophets and of innocent children right up to the liberation of Al-Aqsa from its impurity.'
The Hamas television station al-Aqsa TV then decided to broadcast a cartoon intended for a wider audience in order to denounce Fatah. The Fatah supporters are represented there in the form of rats who infest the West Bank and Gaza, while Hamas is symbolised by a powerful, pure-hearted lion. Political speeches during which the leaders of Hamas denounce Fatah are conveyed by a cartoon which, as Bissan Al-Cheik explains, is aimed at 'those who do not share the point of view of Hamas on Palestine, and those to whom Hamas wants it to be clear they will ruin their future fate if they oppose it.'
...
Hamas never stopped asking the religious authorities questions relating to running the 'state' either to justify from the religious point of view measures of doubtful legality (authorising wire tapping or authorising arbitrary searches of the domiciles of opponents), or to
WASHINGTON - There are increasing ...
www.wnd.com, 2 Nov 2013 [cached]
WASHINGTON - There are increasing indications that Iran is working to rebuild relations with Sunni Hamas and the Muslim Brotherhood.
...
Although headquartered in Damascus, Hamas received substantial funding from Iran, which also worked with the Muslim Brotherhood for years to create conditions that led to the successful election of one of is prominent members, Mohamed Morsi, to the Egyptian presidency in 2011.
...
Hamas had decided to take advantage of the Arab Spring Sunni uprising, including what evolved in Syria. Hamas believed that the developments throughout the Middle East would increase its strategic depth and give it an opportunity to bolster its power and reconstruct its position in the region.
...
But that dream lasted only a year before Morsi was toppled and Hamas receded, as the Brotherhood in Egypt became the whipping boy of the Egyptian military.
...
Hamas then turned to Qatar and Turkey, but Qatar had issues with the Brotherhood because the country is a monarchy, which the Brotherhood opposes. Turkey, which backed the Brotherhood, was going through its own domestic crisis. Now, Hamas has turned back to Iran.
Sources believe that because Tehran supports the Palestinian movement, it won't turn its back on Hamas. And if the Syrian leadership issue is resolved in favor of Assad, then the past animosities also will go by the wayside, since Syria and Iran are strategic partners.
"Hamas has played a vital role in the Palestinian resistance movement in the past and will continue to play the same role in the future," according to Middle East expert Mohammad Ali Sobhani, who also was an Iranian ambassador to Lebanon and Jordan.
...
The Islamic Republic should, on the contrary, try to prevent the gap between two major arms of the resistance - that is, the Lebanese Hezbollah and Hamas - become deeper and help them to get close once again."
...
"Unlike the radical Sunni and Salafist currents, this movement cherishes modern ideas and believes in democracy, freedom and development," Sobhani said.
Hamas has repeatedly rejected ...
www.focusonjerusalem.com, 1 Dec 2013 [cached]
Hamas has repeatedly rejected peace talks. "I pray that the disaster of Oslo won't repeat itself," he concluded.
...
(Financial backing from Tehran expected to resume to Hamas)
...
Iran's relations with Hamas had been significantly limited after Tehran backed the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad in the ongoing three-year Syrian civil war.
...
At the same time, Zahar said Hamas also will continue economic ties with Egypt, even though its military regime ousted Muslim Brotherhood President Mohamed Morsi earlier this year.
...
In renewing ties with Hamas, Shiite Iran also will maintain close ties to the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood which it also helped finance, resulting in Morsi's election there two years ago. Shiite Iran for years has given backing to Sunni Hamas since it opposes Israel, their common enemy.
...
Once headquartered in Damascus, Hamas received substantial funding from Iran, which also worked with the Muslim Brotherhood for years to create conditions that led to the successful election of one of its prominent members, Morsi, to the Egyptian presidency in 2011.
...
Hamas had decided to take advantage of the Arab Spring Sunni uprising, including the conflict that evolved in Syria. Hamas believed that the developments throughout the Middle East would increase its strategic depth and give it an opportunity to bolster its power and reconstruct its position in the region.
...
But that dream lasted only a year before Morsi was toppled and Hamas receded, as the Brotherhood in Egypt became the whipping boy of the Egyptian military.
...
Hamas then turned to Qatar and Turkey, but Qatar had issues with the Brotherhood because the country is a monarchy, which the Brotherhood opposes. Turkey, which backed the Brotherhood, was going through its own domestic crisis. Now, Hamas has turned back to Iran. Sources believe that because Tehran supports the Palestinian movement, it won't turn its back on Hamas.
...
"Hamas has played a vital role in the Palestinian resistance movement in the past and will continue to play the same role in the future," according to Middle East expert Mohammad Ali Sobhani, who also was an Iranian ambassador to Lebanon and Jordan.
...
Since Hamas ousted all PLO forces from the Gaza Strip in 2007, Gaza has operated as a separate political entity from Judea and Samaria . Indeed, it has been a de facto independent Palestinian state, controlled by Hamas. Gaza's only connection to Judea and Samaria has been financial.
...
In the event, the Palestinians became more violent and radicalized and anti-Jewish under PLO rule, until in 2006 they elected Hamas to lead them.
...
In 2007, after Hamas ousted the PLO from Gaza, we were told that the international community would pour so much money into the PLO-run PA in Judea and Samaria that the Gazans would decide that they want the PLO back. Instead, Hamas has grown more popular in Judea and Samaria.
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