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U Aung Hkam Hti of Shan State
Institute of Foreign Languages
Yangon Institute of Foreign Languages Vice-Chairman-2 of Myanmar History Commission U
Sai Aung Tun
ISBN 978-974-9511-43-5 2009. 684pp, 17x24cm, 8 color maps, 12 b/w maps, 65 b/w illustration Sai Aung Tun deftly traces the cultural and political history of the Shan people from their origins, to Myanmar independence, and up to the constitutional crisis of 1962. His work highlights particularly the political affairs of the Shan state from 1946 to 1962. He details the Second Pang Long Conference of 1947, which brought about the historic agreement of all the nationalities of Myanmar to work together for independence. He examines the significant role played by the Shan people in the debate on whether Myanmar should adopt a federal system of administration, and their efforts to draft a new constitution. He concludes with an account of the military coup of 1962, which effectively sabotaged the constitutional reform process, a stalemate that still persists today. Unique among Shan histories is the in-depth analysis of the Kuomintang incursion into the Shan States in the early 1950s, with its political, military, and economic consequences. Sai Aung Tun has amassed a substantial amount of primary materials in the text proper, including verbatim excerpts from conference interviews and speeches, as well as a rich collection of official documents, minutes, and reports in the appendixes. The historical critique of existing constitutional weaknesses will be of interest to those who advocate the drafting of a new constitution in Myanmar. The pleas for unity and goodwill among the ethnic groups, made by various leaders nearly half a century ago, will resonate with readers today. This comprehensive reference work will be an invaluable resource for all Shan scholars and Myanmar observers, and an excellent addition to any reference collection on Southeast Asia. Sai Aung Tun is a native of Shan State. He graduated from the University of Yangon with honors in history, and earned an MA degree in International Relations from the University of Denver. He became the principal of Myitkyina College in 1972 and of the Institute of Foreign Languages in 1980. He currently teaches history and international relations at various colleges and universities in Myanmar and is a member of the Myanmar Historical Commission. He has witnessed many political changes in Myanmar, especially the constitutional crisis in 1962 followed by the coup d'etat. Among his many articles on the Shan people, "The Migration of the Shan" and "A Classical Love Story of Hkun Sam Law and Nang Oo Peim" are the most popular.
Next, the Secretary-1 presented awards and certificates of honour to retired rector of Mandalay University Dr Kyaw Sein, retired principal of Yangon Institute of Foreign Languages Vice-Chairman-2 of Myanmar History Commission U Sai Aung Tun, retired director-general of Basic Education Department U Tin Pe and retired chairman of Myanmar Board of Examinations U Maung Maung Sein through Chairman of Myanmar Board of Examinations Director-General of Myanmar Education Research Department U Ohn Myint; and awards and certificates of honour to four outstanding teachers - Headmaster U Tin Htay of Phaletkho BEPS in Zalun Township, Headmaster U Myo Khaing of Legyikwin BEPS in Kyangin Township, retired Headmaster U Than Aye of Moemeik BEPS No 2 and JAT Daw Khin Than of Loikaw BEMS No 1 respectively.
The coordination meeting of the Panel of chairmen of Delegates Group of Other Invited Persons took place at 10 am at the same venue, attended by Vice-Chairman of Myanmar History Commission U Sai Aung Tun, U Aung Hkam Hti of Shan State (South) Special Region-6, Dr Manan Tu Ja of Kachin State Special Region-2, MHC Secretary U Tun Aung Chein, U Paw Laik Kham of Shan State (North) Special Region-2, Deputy Director U Aung Kyi and Assistant Director U Win Myint.
Present were members of the panel of chairmen Vice-Chairman of Myanmar Historical Commission U Sai Aung Tun, U Aung Kham Hti of Shan State (South) Special Region-6, Dr Manan Tu Ja of Kachin State Special Region-2, Secretary of Myanmar Historical Commission U Tun Aung Chein and U Paw Laik Kham of Shan State (North) Special Region-2.