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Engineering Institute of Canada
Sky Dragon Centre
Canadian Society for Civil Engineering
Member and Chair
R. M. Korol, Ph.D. Waterloo; P.Eng.
Board of Directors | Green Venture
Robert Korol (Member-at-large), Professor of Civil Engineering, McMaster University
Bob Korol has been a member of the Board of Green Venture for 12-years. He is presently Professor Emeritus of Civil Engineering at McMaster University and continues to work as a volunteer in that department and elsewhere, utilizing his knowledge in the areas of sustainable infrastructure, energy conservation and environmental preservation/enhancement. He is a registered P. Eng. in the Province of Ontario, and is a member and former Chair of the Sustainable Development Committee of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineering (CSCE). He has received several honours during his career - "Engineer of the Year" in Halton/Hamilton-Wentworth Regions in 1998, a life-time leadership award at the Annual Environmentalist of the Year dinner in 1999, and is a Fellow of both CSCE and the Engineering Institute of Canada. He was also one of the founding members of the Task Force for Vision 2020 in the Region of Hamilton-Wentworth in the early 90s, and continues to promote the principles adopted during that period, namely to invoke decision-making, as appropriate, based upon a balance among environmental, economic and social/health considerations.
Conspiracy Archives - BillLawrenceOnline
The authors of the piece are Steven Jones, a former full professor of physics at Brigham Young University; Robert Korol, a professor emeritus of civil engineering at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada; Anthony Szamboti, a mechanical design engineer; and Ted Walter, who holds master of public policy degree from the University of California, Berkeley.
Robert Korol is a professor emeritus of civil engineering at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada, as well as a fellow of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering and the Engineering Institute of Canada.
His major research interests have been in the areas of structural mechanics and steel structures. More recently, he has undertaken experimental research into the post-buckling resistance of H-shaped steel columns and into the energy absorption associated with pulverization of concrete floors.
Noting the many shortcomings in Bažant's analysis, which have been studied and criticized extensively since 2001, Korol and his colleagues set out to apply a much more rigorous methodology for analyzing WTC 7, which, according to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), collapsed from normal office fires.
Dr. Robert Korol, professor emeritus of civil engineering at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, and a fellow of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering, has led a team of academic researchers in preparing two peer-reviewed scientific papers on the destruction of World Trade Center Building 7. Both papers were published in the Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics - the first one in July 2015, the second in February 2016. Prior to publishing these papers, the team of researchers carefully reviewed the work of Zdenek Bažant, a professor of Civil Engineering and Materials Science at Northwestern University, who had published a paper shortly after 9/11 focusing on the collapses of WTC 1 and 2. Entitled "Why Did the World Trade Center Collapse?-Simple Analysis," Bažant's paper presented "a simplified approximate analysis of the overall collapse of the towers of World Trade Center in New York on September 11, 2001." Noting the many shortcomings in Bažant's analysis, which have been studied and criticized extensively since 2001, Korol and his colleagues set out to apply a much more rigorous methodology for analyzing WTC 7, which, according to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), collapsed from normal office fires. As Korol explains, "WTC 7 is a particularly useful example, because there isn't the concern about trying to predict the amount of heat generated by spewing jet fuel and having it ignited within a building. Korol's July 2015 paper, "Performance-based fire protection of office buildings: A case study based on the collapse of WTC 7," used accepted equations associated with thermodynamics and heat transfer to determine how much heat could be generated from office fires. Studying the type of fire that would occur in a typical office arrangement with cubicle partitions, he and his fellow researchers derived the temperature that would have been reached based on the heat release rate of combustible materials identified by NIST and others. Given that high burn rates do not generally last longer than about 30 minutes and that fires in office buildings do not occur over entire floors simultaneously, Korol says that the assumption of having the entire area of the 12th and 13th floors ablaze was "a ridiculously conservative estimate for the purposes of determining the consequences to the building. Even then, the researchers showed the temperatures to be insufficient to push a girder off its seat near Column 79, thus disproving NIST's claim that such a failure mechanism initiated the collapse of the building. In the subsequent February 2016 paper, "The collapse of WTC 7: A re-examination of the "simple analysis" approach," Korol considered the "virtually impossible circumstance" that the building experienced an inferno on two adjacent stories simultaneously. Noting that collapses do not occur instantaneously, Korol explains that even if two-thirds of the columns in a building are somehow "wiped out by virtue of the high heat, then the remaining one-third would still be sufficient to prevent collapse." According to Korol, Bažant assumed that any possible collapse would only be localized in the form of a plastic hinge; however, Korol's team went further in terms of assessing the capacity of the columns. "Whereas Bažant assumed that there was only bending energy, we say these columns were resisting load axially - and Bažant ignored that." Robert Korol 2 Dr. Korol has done extensive research on the axial loading properties of steel columns and beams. He appeared in the documentary "9/11 in the Academic Community," and is seen here in his laboratory in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Korol and his colleagues also undertook tests at McMaster University with regard to pulverization of concrete that is typically specified for floors incorporating ductile steel to restrain lateral motion. He explains, "Crushing is not an effective way of transforming brittle material into pulverized material. When you combine that with the 82 columns, there is no way the building is going to come down." Dr. Korol and his team are not yet done with their work.