by Robert H. Brinkmeyer
In this groundbreaking work, Robert H. Brinkmeyer, Jr.
, extends Smith's work by adding a fourth "ghost" lurking in the psyche of the white South--the specter of European Fascism.
explores how southern writers of the 1930s and 1940s responded to Fascism, and most tellingly to the suggestion that the racial politics of Nazi Germany had a special, problematic relevance to the South and its segregated social system.
shows, nearly all white southern writers in these decades felt impelled to deal with this specter and with the implications for southern identity of the issues raised by Nazism and Fascism.
Their responses varied widely, ranging from repression and denial to the repulsion of self-recognition.
With penetrating insight, Brinkmeyer
examines the work of writers who contemplated the connection between the authoritarianism and racial politics of Nazi Germany and southern culture.
shows how white southern writers--both those writing cultural criticism and those writing imaginative literature--turned to Fascist Europe for images, analogies, and metaphors for representing and understanding the conflict between traditional and modern cultures that they were witnessing in Dixie.
considers the works of a wide range of authors of varying political stripes: the Nashville Agrarians
, W. J. Cash, Lillian Smith, William Alexander Percy, Thomas Wolfe, William Faulkner, Katherine Anne Porter, Carson McCullers, Robert Penn Warren, and Lillian Hellman.
Robert H. Brinkmeyer, Jr., is professor of English and southern studies at the University of South Carolina.
is the author of Remapping Southern Literature: Contemporary Southern Writers and the West, Katherine Anne Porter's Artistic Development: Primitivism, Traditionalism, and Totalitarianism, The Art and Vision of Flannery O'Connor, and Three Catholic Writers of the Modern South.