Quince L. Brown Major Quince L. Brown, 84th Fighter Squadron, 4-21-43 to 9-6-44 | Maj. Quince L. Brown | Quince Brown | Capt. Quince L. BrownMajor Quince L. Brown, 84th Fighter Squadron
..._Major Quince L. Brown, 84th Fighter Squadron, 4-21-43 to 9-6-44, KIA
...Quince Lucien Brown was born on December 7, 1941 in Hydrok, Oklahoma.He joined the Army Reserves and was commissioned a 2nd Lt. and received his wings on April 25, 1941 at Kelly Field, Texas.He then served as an instructor for two years at Randolph Field, Texas and Enid , Oklahoma.He
logged over 1326 hrs., 45 min. training time.
was celebrating his
24th birthday when the Japanese attacked Pearl harbor on 7 December 1941, but he
had to spend 19 months teaching other men to fly before going overseas to a combat theater.Even then he
was assigned to the training base at Atcham and three months were to pass before he
finally reached a combat squadron." He
was assigned to the 84th Fighter Squadron of the 78th Fighter Group
at Duxford on April 21, 1943.He
also was assigned a personal aircraft, a P-47D-6RE, s/n 42-74753, WZ-J, which was named "Okie" after his
home state.8.333 of Brown's
12.333 aerial victories were scored in this aircraft.Quince L. Brown's
first assigned personal aircraft, P-47-6RE s/n 42-74753, WZ-J, "Okie".
July 1943 was to become a memorable but sad month for Quince Brown
and the 78th
.During a fighter sweep mission on July 1, the Group's popular commanding officer, Lt
was bounced and chased to the deck by two FW-190s, which he
followed the rail lines near Leiden, when he
spotted the train and shot it up.When he
crossed the Dutch coast he
was flying so low to the water to avoid shore batteries his
propeller struck the surface bending the tips on two blades". He
still made it back to Duxford.
...Quince L. Brown; the first 8th Air Force "triple" victory; Major Eugene P. Roberts(7); the highest 8th Air Force mission victory score to date( sixteen); the first 8th Fighter Command group to score in double figures.
An early picture of 1st Lt.Quince L. Brown
personal aircraft, P-47-6RE s/n 42-74753, WZ-J, "Okie".The personal artwork can be seen clearly.The crew panel lists Brown and his
ACC, T/Sgt William Jensen.Note, Quince
is holding a dog, "Major" one of the 78th Group mascots. ( Source Credit: Frank Olynyk, "Stars and Bars, A Tribute To The American Fighter Ace, 1920-1973". 1995, Grub Street, ISBN 1-898697-17-5)
first credited victory came on September 27, 1943.The 78th Fighter Group
P-47s were assigned to give withdrawal support for the 1st and 3rd Bomb Divisions attacking industrial targets at Emden, Germany.This mission marked the first time that the Group flew with 108 gallon impregnated paper belly tanks to extend their range.This was a very successful trip for the Group, posting nine(9) victories without loss.The 84th Squadron was assigned mid cover at an altitude of 29,000 feet.As the Group approached the bombers leaving the target area, they observed about thirty enemy aircraft firing rockets and making 6 o'clock attacks on the "Big Friends".Quince Brown
was following his
Squadron Leader, Major Eugene Roberts(7), who couldn't get into good firing position on a Me-109.Brown
managed to get good deflection and closed dead astern of the evasive e/a.He
immediately scored hits and the 109 spouted flame and black smoke, pulled up into a stall and fell off towards the ground.Brown
quickly rejoined his
flight.The Group stayed with the bombers, fighting off attacks until they broke escort 40 miles off the Dutch coast due to low fuel.
1st Lt.Quince L. Brown
personal aircraft, P-47-6RE s/n 42-74753, WZ-J, "Okie".The 4 victory markings suggest this picture was taken before January 30th, 1944.Brown
had 4 aerial victories credited at that time. (Source Credit: Jerry Scutts, "P-47 Thunderbolt Aces of the Eighth Air Force", Osprey
, 1998, Osprey Publishing
, ISBN 1-85532-729-5)
During January 1944, Brown
added four(4) more victories to his
credit, including a " double" on January 4.The 78th
was assigned withdrawal support on the 4th for the Third Bomb Division attacking targets at Munster, Germany.
It was very badly afire as Brown
pulled up and watched the smoking Focke Wulf spin down.Brown
made a sharp right turn to come in behind a Fw-290 that was lining up on four P-47s.He
shot at thirty degrees deflection and one ring of the lead.The Fw-290 took hits and poured flames from both wing roots as it pulled up and to the right before spinning down out of control smoking heavily".On the 30th, the 78th
was escorting bombers near Rheine, Germany.Garry L. Fry reports(5): "Quince Brown
swung around the last bomber box and spotted a lone aircraft 8,000 feet below.
thought it as first it was a P-51 and flew alongside it.
...Quince L. Brown's
reported: 'As we got right under the dogfight, I saw a Me-109 come spinning down on fire.
then pulled up and immediately sighted a Ju-88 parked on the far side of the field.He
proceeded to set it on fire.As he
departed the airfield, he
fired into two more parked aircraft.Brown
flight out of the area on the deck and then took them up to 7,000 feet.At this point, two FW-190s bounced the P-47s from nine o'clock.The Thunderbolts broke into them and all the aircraft wound up in a left-handed Lufbery.Several times, one of the 190s attempted to break and climb out, but Brown
water injection, caught them and they would break down once more.The wingman finally broke right and went into the clouds while the leader made a break and attempted to outrun the Jug.Brown
then closed rapidly and sent the 190 crashing into a small creek.Brown
headed for home but once more met with enemy opposition.Two Me-109s took the P-47s into another turning contest.Once more the wingman broke and made it into the clouds while Brown
and the leader had it out. 'This leader was trying to outrun me just on the top of the clouds.
was awarded the Silver Star for this four victory mission.The four victories in one mission also was a first for an 8th Fighter Command pilot.Quince
was not flying "Okie" on this particular mission but P-47D-6RE, s/n 42-74723, WZ-X.
A 1944 picture of P-47D-6-RE, s/n 42-74753, WZ-V, "Okie" in the 84th Fighter Squadron dispersal area at Duxford.This was the second aircraft assigned to Quince Brown
before the end of his
lost the Germans but going north a mile he
met a Fw-190 coming head-on.Quince
got on his
tail as it passed and commenced to zooming up and breaking for the deck with the enemy., but he
couldn't get him in his
sights.The Jerry went to the deck below the treetops and tried to outrun Quince
, zooming straight up and skidding, but Brown
stuck with him despite his
water injection not working.During one skid maneuver, Quince
almost rammed the German aircraft, then fired at close range, hitting all around the cockpit and engine roots.The Focke Wulf exploded, showering pieces all around Brown
, who did a violent wingover to 500 feet to avoid the debris.Coming home, Quince
escorted two B-17 stragglers with their wheels and bomb bay doors down"
was credited with 0.33 of a shared victory.Garry continues reporting on Quince Brown
with regards to the bomber escort mission of April 12: "At 1310 hours, Quince Brown
was leading part of 78th
A group near Duren, Germany when thirty plus Fw-190s and Me-109s emerged from the heavy clouds going in the opposite direction.
picked out an Fw-190 with a belly tank and at 5,000 feet, raked the Fw from left wingtip to cockpit.The enemy aircraft exploded, Quince
flying safely through the flame and debris".Quince Brown was promoted to Captain during this period and appointed 84th Squadron Operations Officer on May 26, 1944.
On completion of his
first combat tour( 300 combat hours - changed in early May 1944 from 200 hours) in July 1944, Quince Brown
left for 30 days' extended leave back home to Bristow, Oklahoma.He
had an opportunity to return to instructing, but volunteered to go back to Duxford and the 78th Group
for a second tour.He returned to the 84th Squadron on August 28, 1944 and received a new personal aircraft, a P-47D-21, 42-25698, WZ-J, which was nicknamed "Okie II" He was also promoted from Captain to Major.Further combat missions took his score of enemy aircraft to 12.3 air victories he was the only man in the