Admiral Pavel Nahimov - 1802-1855
In the history of every navy there are heroic figures.One such outstanding personality in the history of the Russian Navy
is Admiral Pavel Stepanovich Nahimov
The whole of his
colourful life and all of his
noble deeds were devoted to serve his
country and people.He was born into a family of Russian officers in the village of Gorodok near Smolensk on June 23, 1802.While he was still at school he made up his mind to join the navy and he went on to Naval College, where he graduated in 1818.His
career began in the Baltic Fleet.He got his first real combat experience in the famous Battle of Navarin in 1827.He
commanded an artillery battery on the battleship "Azov".
During the Russian-Turkish war of 1828-1829 Nahimov
captained a corvette blocking the Dardanelles Strait.On his
return to Kronshtad Nahimov was promoted to frigate commander.He
was only 27 - a young age for such a position.He
rapid rise through the navy ranks not to the sociable hierarchy position and family connections, like many other officers at that time, but to the courage and highly professional skills he
had shown in the numerous battles.
In 1834 Nahimov
became a battleship commander of the Black Sea Fleet
.From then on his
life was closely connected with Sevastopol - the main Russian Naval base in that region.
In 1845 Nahimov
was promoted to Rear Admiral.In 1852 he became Vice Admiral and commander of the Battleship Brigade.He was the right-hand man of Admiral Lazarev, commander of the Black Sea Squadron.
Together they made a huge contribution to the development of Sevastopol.In 1853 Admiral Nahimov became a national hero.
On November 18 he
managed to block and completely destroy the main strategic forces of the Turkish fleet in the Bay of Sinop.Nahimov
won the battle in spite of the fact that theTurkish fleet was larger and better-equipped than the Russian squadron.
Effectiveness of fire, offensive operations, determination and courage were the main features of Nahimov's combat skills.All of these were shown during the defense of Sevastopol in the Crimean War (1854-1855).As commander of the Black Sea Squadron and military governor of Sevastopol, Admiral Nahimov
led the defence of the town from the outbreak of war.He
made an extraordinary decision to scuttle the Russian Black Sea ships in order to block the port and prevent the French and English ships from entering port.Nahimov
inspired the defenders of the town with his
courage and devotion.He
was shot in the head inspecting the forward fortifications on June 28 1855, and died from his
wounds.Admiral Pavel Stepanovich Nahimov
was buried in St. Vladimir's Cathedral
in Sevastopol.Admiral Nahimov
is one of the most prominent and honoured figures in the history of the Russian Navy
.During World War II the Order of Nahimov
and medal of Nahimov