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2016-09-22T00:00:00.000Z

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Dr. Paul R. Marques

Senior Research Scientist

Public Services Research Institute

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Public Services Research Institute

Background Information

Employment History

Wisconsin Center for Investigative Journalism

Alcohol Related Publications

Program Host

Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation

Affiliations

Member
Sabino Canyon Volunteer Patrol

Education

Ph.D.

drug dependence research

University of Arizona

Web References (200 Total References)


PIRE

www.pire.org [cached]

Paul Marques

Senior Research Scientist II
...
Paul Marques began his research with questions concerning neuroactive and psychoactive substances in 1968. Over the years, he pursued questions on central nervous system control of neuroendocrine and visceral functioning, the pharmacology of drug action in the brain, the social consequences of drug and alcohol excess, and technologies that can detect, monitor and deter the behavior of those whose consumption of excessive amounts of these things endanger the public.
Paul's most recent studies involved the use of biological markers of alcohol use (such as phosphatidylethanol and ethylglucuronide) that can be recovered from blood, hair and urine. Measurement of these markers from convicted DWI driving offenders, who are required to use alcohol ignition interlock devices, formed the basis for two objective and independent sources of public risk exposure information: biological measures and behavioral monitoring of performance using the alcohol interlock data records.
His involvement with these topics evolved from earliest training in central nervous system drug actions, and central regulation of endocrine and temperature regulation. His Ph.D. topic (1973) was drug dependence research in animal models at the University of Arizona followed by 5 postdoctoral years at the University of Washington Departments of Medicine, and of Physiology & Biophysics, and the NIH Regional Primate Center. For 8 years, he was an Assistant Professor at Arizona in the Depts of Pharmacology and Addiction Studies. Marques joined PIRE/NPSRI in 1988, an environment with a rich complement of expertise in public health and safety research. With NIDA, NIAAA, RWJ, NHTSA, and Education Dep't funding, he examined maternal/perinatal drug exposure studies, long-term child neurobehavioral and learning outcomes following prenatal exposure, many studies of alcohol ignition interlock device effectiveness, blood biomarkers of alcohol consumption, adolescent drug-involvement, alcohol impairment estimation, field-sobriety evaluation studies, treatment outcome studies, technical approaches to monitoring drug exposure, hair analysis of drugs and alcohol, treatment retention and long-term follow-up, alcohol managed care, and development and evaluation of computer-conversion of risk assessment screening tools.
...
In 2007 Paul was awarded the annual Hingson Research to Practice Award from Mothers Against Drunk Driving. He has approximately 100 publications in the scientific literatures.
In 2016, Paul is largely retired and a member of the Sabino Canyon Volunteer Patrol in the Coronado National Forest Ranger District in Southern Arizona. Paul is also President of the Friends of Sabino Canyon, a 501C3 charitable organization that works to enhance, protect, and preserve the canyon's unique ecology.
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Publications by Paul Marques


Paul MarquesPIRE ...

www.pire.org [cached]

Paul MarquesPIRE - Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation

...
Paul Marques, PhD, Behavioral Physiology/PsychopharmacologySenior Research ScientistPublic Services Research Institute
...
Paul Marques has had a long-standing interest in scientifically-defensible approaches to drug abuse related problems.His interest in this field dates from before 1973 when he received a Ph.D. in drug dependence research from the University of Arizona.During the years 1973-1978 he received postdoctoral training at the University of Washington Departments of Medicine, and of Physiology & Biophysics, in Seattle studying central nervous system and neuroendocrine regulation.After these earlier years focusing on basic physiology and bench drug research, in 1988 he joined PIRE.
At the Institute he has conducted original research into societal problems related to drugs and alcohol.His public health and safety expertise has been built from research awards in areas related to mother and infant drug exposure studies, long-term child neurobehavioral and educational outcomes from drug exposure, alcohol ignition interlock studies, adolescent drug-involvement, alcohol impairment estimation, field-sobriety evaluation studies, treatment outcome studies, technical approaches to monitoring drug exposure, hair analysis of drugs and alcohol, treatment retention and long-term follow-up, alcohol managed care, evaluation of brief treatment interventions, and development and evaluation of computer-conversion of risk assessment screening tools.In 2005 active studies include: evaluating two different types of electrochemical transdermal alcohol monitoring devices, evaluation of hangover and fatigue on a computer-controlled manikin simulation of paramedic rescue skills, and a comprehensive effort to build driver risk profiles of DUI offenders by converging objective information from blood and hair alcohol biomarkers and patterned breath tests in the interlock record.This research has been supported by NIDA, NIAAA, RWJ and NHTSA.In 2001, Marques was elected to serve as one of four staff members of the Board of Directors of the Pacific Institute.


USDTL Blog

www.usdtl.com [cached]

Biomarker expert Paul Marques, senior research scientist at Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation in Maryland, said, "If you need to know what somebody's drinking level is and whether it's a public hazard, you need to use something that can get you objective information."

Marques is an advocate for using the tests, which provide a look back in time and assist with treatment, in conjunction with ignition interlocks, which prevent drunk people from driving in the moment.
"I look forward to a day when some state has the moxie to do a three-legged program: interlock, alcohol biomarker monitoring, and treatment for those who cannot change behavior on their own," he said.


USDTL Blog

www.usdtl.com [cached]

Biomarker expert Paul Marques, senior research scientist at Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation in Maryland, said, "If you need to know what somebody's drinking level is and whether it's a public hazard, you need to use something that can get you objective information."

Marques is an advocate for using the tests, which provide a look back in time and assist with treatment, in conjunction with ignition interlocks, which prevent drunk people from driving in the moment.
"I look forward to a day when some state has the moxie to do a three-legged program: interlock, alcohol biomarker monitoring, and treatment for those who cannot change behavior on their own," he said.


USDTL Blog

www.usdtl.com [cached]

Biomarker expert Paul Marques, senior research scientist at Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation in Maryland, said, "If you need to know what somebody's drinking level is and whether it's a public hazard, you need to use something that can get you objective information."

Marques is an advocate for using the tests, which provide a look back in time and assist with treatment, in conjunction with ignition interlocks, which prevent drunk people from driving in the moment.
"I look forward to a day when some state has the moxie to do a three-legged program: interlock, alcohol biomarker monitoring, and treatment for those who cannot change behavior on their own," he said.

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