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This profile was last updated on 1/25/15  and contains information from public web pages and contributions from the ZoomInfo community.

Associate Professor of History

Vanderbilt University
1211 22Nd Avenue South
Nashville , Tennessee 37232
United States

Company Description: Vanderbilt University Medical Center has built a strong reputation as a leader in medical education, research and patient care throughout the Southeast and the...   more

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Board Memberships and Affiliations

75 Total References
Web References
Radio Diaries » About Radio Diaries, 25 Jan 2015 [cached]
Paul Kramer, Associate Professor of History, Vanderbilt University
Officers and Committees | American Studies Association, 7 April 2009 [cached]
Chair: Paul Kramer, Vanderbilt University
(via A Border Crosses by Paul ... [cached]
(via A Border Crosses by Paul Kramer - The New Yorker. September 20, 2014.)
Paul Kramer is a historian at Vanderbilt University and the author of "The Blood of Government: Race, Empire, the United States and the Philippines. - perspective, 6 April 2003 [cached]
"This was denounced as a cowardly way of fighting, a war of savages, not a man's war," says Paul Kramer, a historian at the Johns Hopkins University.
This was even true during the American Revolution, another example of an outmanned force outlasting its powerful opponent.
Kramer says during those same years, the United States, perhaps influenced by the British experience, was putting people into such camps in the Philippines.Similar measures were used 60 years later in Vietnam where the United States put rural residents into "protected hamlets."The strategy of trying to deny resources to the Viet Cong rebels led a press briefing officer to say, "We had to destroy that village to save it."
Eventually, these drawn-out struggles test the resolve of the major power.The British lost the American Revolution in part because the political decision was made that they had more important tasks for their military.They won the Boer War because they saw it through, though it took much longer and cost much more than expected in terms of money and lives.The United States continued fighting in the Philippines until it won there, but lost in Vietnam, despite few military setbacks, because the battle for legitimacy undermined political support on the home front.
Kramer says that when the fight with the insurgents in the Philippines began, the same sort of quick victory many expected in Iraq was predicted."This notion of a speedy campaign, a bloodless campaign, is often oversold," he says.
No matter how bitter the war, the peace may still be workable.Kramer reports that to end the conflict in the Philippines, America dangled the carrot of full participation by the insurgents in the new regime.The result was a staunch ally in World War II.
Afrikaner resentment of the British was kindled by the Boer War, but it was fueled by subsequent years of repression of their language and culture.A better peace settlement could have nipped that in the bud.
Historian Paul Kramer, in ..., 13 April 2006 [cached]
Historian Paul Kramer, in his new book "The Blood of Government: Race, Empire, the United States and the Philippines" (University of North Carolina Press), details the long-forgotten history of the Philippine-American war and the 40-year occupation that followed.He argues that the Philippine adventure in many ways "rhymes" with the current U.S. occupations of Iraq and Afghanistan.
Among the "eerier similarities," said Kramer, professor of history at The Johns Hopkins University:
"I'm not surprised at these parallels," Kramer said."Indeed, what's remarkable is our persistence in suppressing the memory of this earlier war, a persistence that I think is all that makes debacles like the present one 'surprising.'"
The U.S. experience in Vietnam is another example of the nation's inability to focus on the lessons of the Philippine-American War, he said.
"In all three conflicts," Kramer said, "U.S. officials predicted easy victories, underestimated guerrilla forces and, arrogantly assuming their objectives were universally shared, were shocked when U.S. troops were not greeted as 'liberators.'"
Kramer describes in "The Blood of Government," to be published April 17, how the Philippine-American War began in the unsettled aftermath of the Spanish-American War, the 1898 conflict that Secretary of State John Hay dubbed "a splendid little war."
Dewey's Pacific Squadron quickly defeated Spanish naval forces at Manila Bay, but the question remained, Kramer said, how U.S. forces should engage with a Philippine revolutionary movement that broke from Spain in June 1898 and declared the first republic in Asia.
It would in no sense be either "splendid" or "little," Kramer said.
Despite military censorship, word of U.S. atrocities traveled back home and was spread by anti-war activists organized into an Anti-Imperialist League, Kramer said.
Kramer's 538-page book deals both with the invasion and the occupation, telling of the first-ever attempt by U.S. forces to engage in overseas "nation-building" in collaboration with a local elite, even in the midst of ongoing violence.
"I did most of the research long before 9/11 or the U.S. invasion of Iraq," Kramer said, "and in many ways I was overtaken by the eruption of a new, aggressive imperial moment just as I was completing my manuscript on an eerily similar one just over a century ago."
"The challenge," he said, "has been to remain true to the idiosyncrasy and integrity of the past while trying to comment subtly and critically on the present: to allow the past and present to touch without subordinating my account of the earlier U. S. invasion to the questions being asked of the present conflict."
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