Pam Pearson, the founder and director of ICCI, told journalists during a recent visit to Bonn her indication of INDCS so far was that they are "somewhere between 3.8 and 4.2 degrees" Celsius.
colleagues are working hard to make the scientific evidence on climate changes in our ice and snow regions accessible and "must-reads" for the politicians and others who are preparing to negotiate the new agreement at the Paris talks at the end of the year, to replace the Kyoto protocol.
was here in Bonn at the last round of UN preparatory climate talks last month, holding a side event and briefing media and negotiators.
was part of the original Kyoto Protocol negotiating team.
She is a former U.S. diplomat with 20 years' experience of working on global issues, including climate change.
resigned in 2006 in protest over changes to U.S. development policies, especially related to environmental and global issues programs.
From 2007 to2009, she
worked from Sweden with a variety of organizations and Arctic governments to bring attention to the potential benefit of reductions in short-lived climate forcers to the Arctic climate, culminating in Arctic Council ministerial-level action
in the Tromsø Declaration of 2009.
Pearson founded ICCI immediately after COP 15 to bring greater attention and policy focus to the "rapid and markedly similar changes occurring to cryosphere regions throughout the globe" and their importance for the global climate system.
colleagues are working to have a synthesis of what scientists have found to date accessible to and understandable for the negotiators who will be at COP21
in Paris in December.
In terms of an outcome, she
says first of all we need higher ambition now, in the pledges being made by different countries.
The lower the temperature rise, the less the risk of further dynamic change processes being set off in the cryosphere.
The other key factor is to make sure there is flexibility to up the targets on a regular basis, without being tied to a long negotiating process.
The current agreement draft envisages five year reviews.
"There are a number of cryosphere scientists who actually expect these kinds of signals from cryosphere to multiply, and that there may be some dramatic developments just over the next three to five years, that may finally spur some action," Pearson