These included tape pieces by Yose Haryo Suyoto, Harry Ruesli's Batas Echo (1978), Otto Sidharta's
Saluang Pekan Komponis I (1979, and Franki Raden's Dilarang Bertepuk Tangan di Dalam Toilet (1980).
Born in Bandung, Indonesia, in 1955, Otto Sidharta is a composer, educator and conductor.
studied at the Jakarta Institute of Arts
(Institut Kesenian Jakarta) in the 1970s, where he
first encountered electronic music.
graduate studies (composition and electronic music) at the Sweelinck Conservatorium (Amsterdam, The Netherlands), studying with Ton de Leeuw.
electronic music includes environmental sounds.
first work, Kemelut (1979), draws upon water sounds.
Ngendau (1982), Hutan Plastik (1982) and East Wind (1983), include soundscapes and live performance and make use of sounds of animals and nature in the jungles of Borneo, on Nias Island.
Wind of Trade is a soundscape about Dutch and Indonesian culture, including street markets, nature, children and sounds of the sea.
most recent work in this genre is Soundscape I (1995).
Otto Sidharta has been on the faculty of the Jakarta Institute of the Arts (Institut Kesenian Jakarta) and the Cantus (Music Education and Information Center, Jakarta).
He has also served as Music Director of the National Symphony Orchestra (Orkes Symphony Nasional).
Indeed, Jakarta has been the locus of activity for Slamet Sjukur, Sapto Raharjo and Otto Sidharta