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This profile was last updated on 5/25/13  and contains information from public web pages.

Nikolai S. Kardashev

Wrong Nikolai S. Kardashev?

Deputy Director

Russian Space Research Institute at Moscow's Russian Academy of Sciences
 
Background

Employment History

Education

  • Moscow State University
132 Total References
Web References
Sentient Developments | Transcedo
www.transcedo.org, 25 May 2013 [cached]
The scale was devised by Nikolai S. Kardashev, a Soviet-era cosmologist who is still active today. Though he's 81, Kardashev works as the deputy director of the Russian Space Research Institute at Moscow's Russian Academy of Sciences. During the 1950s, while both his parents were in Stalin's slave labor camps, he became an astronomy student at Moscow University's Mechanics and Mathematics department. His primary interest was in astrophysics and the theoretic potential for wormholes, but he also shared a fascination with the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (ETIs).
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Accordingly, Kardashev began to wonder if a good number of alien civilizations might be millions of years ahead of us, and if so, what their radio signatures might be like. Just how "loud," he surmised, could alien transmissions truly get?
This prompted Kardashev to write his seminal 1963 paper, " Transmission of Information by Extraterrestrial Civilizations. In it, he proposed a simple numbering system - from one to three - that could be used to classify hypothetical alien civilizations according to the amount of energy at their disposal. More specifically, he wanted to quantify the power available to them for their radio transmissions.
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In his paper, Kardashev wrote that a Type I civilization would be at a "technological level close to the level presently attained on the Earth, with energy consumption ~4 x 1019 erg/sec. That's about 4 x 1012 Watts.
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Pre-dating Moore's Law and Kurzweil's Law of Accelerating Returns, Kardashev noticed that the rate of humanity's energy consumption was increasing steadily.
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Kardashev described a Type III like this: "A civilization in possession of energy on the scale of its own galaxy, with energy consumption at ~4 x 1044 erg/sec.
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Though Kardashev never went past a Type III, others have taken his idea to the next level.
Nikolai Kardashev is a ...
www.enigmaguild.org [cached]
Nikolai Kardashev is a Russian astrophysicist and the deputy director of the Russian Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow.
The Kardashev Scale was first proposed in 1964 and is a method of measuring a civilization's level of technological advancement, based on the amount of energy a civilization is able to utilize. Kardashev divided the scale into three designated categories:
Nikolai ...
en.anarchopedia.org, 20 Aug 2008 [cached]
Nikolai Kardashev
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Nikolai Semenovich Kardashev (ÐиколаÌй Семёнович Кардашёв) (born April 25, 1932 in Moscow) is a Russian and Soviet astrophysicist, and is the deputy director of the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow.
Kardashev graduated from Moscow State University in 1955, following up at Sternberg Astronomical Institute.He studied under Shklovskii and finished his PhD in 1962.
In 1963 Kardashev examined quasar, CTA-102, the first Soviet effort in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI).In this work he came up with the idea that some galactic civilizations would be perhaps millions or billions of years ahead of us, and created the Kardashev classification scheme to rank such civilizations.
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Kardashev became a corresponding (associate) member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Division of General Physics and Astronomy on December 12, 1976.He became a full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences on March 21, 1994.
Nikolai ...
wn.com, 28 Feb 2013 [cached]
Nikolai Kardashev
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Nikolai Kardashev Nikolai Semenovich Kardashev (??????'? ????????? ????????) (born April 25, 1932 in Moscow) is a Russian (formerly Soviet) astrophysicist, and is the deputy director of the Russian Space Research Institute (sometimes translated as The Institute for Cosmic Research) of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow. Kardashev graduated from Moscow State University in 1955, following up at Sternberg Astronomical Institute. He studied under Shklovskii and finished his PhD in 1962. In 1963 Kardashev examined quasar CTA-102, the first Soviet effort in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI). In this work he came up with the idea that some galactic civilizations would be perhaps millions or billions of years ahead of us, and created the Kardashev classification scheme to rank such civilizations.
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A Russian scientist called Kardashev invented a scheme to determine how powerful a civilization was. It is impossible to determine how powerful a civilization is by technology because no one knows what type of technology an alien civilization might have or even what it does. So Kardashev invented a scheme that measures the energy usage of a civilization and uses this to measure it on a scale. No surprise to say that we are ta type 0, a civilization that is stuck on a planet and has little energy output, a type 1 civilization controls a planet and nearby objects, such as the moon and mars. A type 2 civilization controls nearby stars and is practically immortal to extinction, a type 3 civilization controls galaxy's and type 4 controls whole galaxy super clusters. Type 5 controls a universe and type 6 and 7 roam in the multiverse. http://wn.com/Kardashev_scale_civilizations,_type_0,1,2,3_civilizations_and_beyond A Russian scientist called Kardashev invented a scheme to determine how powerful a civilization was. It is impossible to determine how powerful a civilization is by technology because no one knows what type of technology an alien civilization might have or even what it does. So Kardashev invented a scheme that measures the energy usage of a civilization and uses this to measure it on a scale.
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The Kardashev scale, a way of measuring the level of a civilization's technological advancement, was proposed in 1964 by the Soviet Russian astronomer Nikolai Kardashev. The scale has three designated categories and in general terms, a Type I civilization has achieved mastery its home planet resources, Type II of its solar system, and Type III of its galaxy. Both speculative and theoretical the scale was based upon a civilizations level of space colonization, the amount of energy it has at its disposal and its ability to harness that energy, as a definition to categorise its capabilities. http://wn.com/Kardashev_scale So while researching aspects of classification for 'Terminal Contact' I found this nice nice nugget of information in the corner of Wikipedia and decided to visualize it with another compilation of esa clips. The Kardashev scale, a way of measuring the level of a civilization's technological advancement, was proposed in 1964 by the Soviet Russian astronomer Nikolai Kardashev.
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he Kardashev scale is a method of measuring an advanced civilization's level of technological advancement.
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he Kardashev scale is a method of measuring an advanced civilization's level of technological advancement.
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This video will cover intelligent life, and will describe how we try to communicate with intelligent alien life, how we rank civilizations according the to Kardashev scale, and more. An Analysis on Extraterrestrial Life aka Aliens Episode 1 www.youtube.com Episode 2 www.youtube.com Episode 3 www.youtube.com http://wn.com/An_Analysis_on_Extraterrestrial_Life_aka_Aliens_Episode_2 The second part on the analysis of aliens. This video will cover intelligent life, and will describe how we try to communicate with intelligent alien life, how we rank civilizations according the to Kardashev scale, and more. An Analysis on Extraterrestrial Life aka Aliens Episode 1 www.youtube.com Episode 2 www.youtube.com Episode 3 www.youtube.com published:03 May 2009 views:3288 author: EnigmaHood
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A Russian scientist called Kardashev invented a scheme to determine how powerful a civiliz... published:07 Jul 2010 author:isthereanythathasnt3 Kardashev scale civilizations, type 0,1,2,3 civilizations and beyond A Russian scientist called Kardashev invented a scheme to determine how powerful a civilization was. It is impossible to determine how powerful a civilization is by technology because no one knows what type of technology an alien civilization might have or even what it does. So Kardashev invented a scheme that measures the energy usage of a civilization and uses this to measure it on a scale.
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The Kardashev scale, a way of measuring the level of a civilization's technological advancement, was proposed in 1964 by the Soviet Russian astronomer Nikolai Kardashev.
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Kardashev scale elaboration ((THE SINS OF A SOLAR EMPIRE) (Remastered from archive footage)) "They've made me an animal...can't sleep, instead of counting sheep, niggas counting cannibals. - Faust published:20 Sep 2011 views:99 author: Tophyria
In 1964, the Russian astrophysicist and ...
www.skeptic.com, 14 Sept 2011 [cached]
In 1964, the Russian astrophysicist and director of the Russian Space Research Institute, Nikolai Kardashev, first proposed a classification of alien civilization based on their methods of energy extraction. His scale has three categories:
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According to Kardashev, energy consumption is determinative of civilizational progress and could one day enable interstellar travel.
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Kardashev countered that alien civilizations have not been found because they have not been properly searched for.49
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Kardashev speculated that alien civilizations might find it advantageous to unite with others in order to reduce the time delay for communications and other types of activities.52 The SETI astronomer Jill Tarter speculated that "rather than exploiting us, they might value and support the natural biodiversity of the galaxy."53
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Nikolai S. Kardashev, "On the Inevitability and the Possible Structures of Supercivilizations," International Astronomical Union, 1985.
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