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This profile was last updated on 5/25/13  and contains information from public web pages.

Nikolai S. Kardashev

Wrong Nikolai S. Kardashev?

Deputy Director

Russian Space Research Institute at Moscow's Russian Academy of Sciences
 
Background

Employment History

  • Full-Time Member
    Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Russian Astrophysicist and the Deputy Director
    Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Director
    Russian Academy of Science Institute of Physics
  • Russian Astronomer

Board Memberships and Affiliations

  • Member
    Russian Academy of Sciences

Education

  • Moscow State University
139 Total References
Web References
Sentient Developments | Transcedo
www.transcedo.org, 25 May 2013 [cached]
The scale was devised by Nikolai S. Kardashev, a Soviet-era cosmologist who is still active today. Though he's 81, Kardashev works as the deputy director of the Russian Space Research Institute at Moscow's Russian Academy of Sciences. During the 1950s, while both his parents were in Stalin's slave labor camps, he became an astronomy student at Moscow University's Mechanics and Mathematics department. His primary interest was in astrophysics and the theoretic potential for wormholes, but he also shared a fascination with the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (ETIs).
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Accordingly, Kardashev began to wonder if a good number of alien civilizations might be millions of years ahead of us, and if so, what their radio signatures might be like. Just how "loud," he surmised, could alien transmissions truly get?
This prompted Kardashev to write his seminal 1963 paper, " Transmission of Information by Extraterrestrial Civilizations. In it, he proposed a simple numbering system - from one to three - that could be used to classify hypothetical alien civilizations according to the amount of energy at their disposal. More specifically, he wanted to quantify the power available to them for their radio transmissions.
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In his paper, Kardashev wrote that a Type I civilization would be at a "technological level close to the level presently attained on the Earth, with energy consumption ~4 x 1019 erg/sec. That's about 4 x 1012 Watts.
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Pre-dating Moore's Law and Kurzweil's Law of Accelerating Returns, Kardashev noticed that the rate of humanity's energy consumption was increasing steadily.
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Kardashev described a Type III like this: "A civilization in possession of energy on the scale of its own galaxy, with energy consumption at ~4 x 1044 erg/sec.
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Though Kardashev never went past a Type III, others have taken his idea to the next level.
BRICS Business Magazine
www.bricsmagazine.com, 16 Sept 2013 [cached]
Nikolai Kardashev - one of Russia's best known international astrophysicists - initiated a mega-ambitious project to deploy interferometers both on Earth and in space with the super long Radioastron and Millimetron bases. Radioastron, also known as Spektr-R, has already been in orbit for four years. But Kardashev, a member of the Russian Academy of Science and Director of the Russian Academy of Science Institute of Physics, has earned even greater fame for his efforts to find traces of extra-terrestrial life forms, black holes, and wormholes.
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Nikolai Kardashev
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Nikolai Kardashev
one of Russia's best known international astrophysicists. He initiated a mega ambitious project to deploy interferometers both on Earth and in space with the super long Radioastron and Millimetron bases
...
Nikolai Kardashev, A radio telescope as big as the distance between the Earth and the Moon is helping to unlock the mysteries of the nucleus of our galaxy
Nikolai Kardashev - one of Russia's best known international astrophysicists - initiated a mega-ambitious project to deploy interferometers both on Earth and in space with the super long Radioastron and Millimetron bases. Radioastron, also known as Spektr-R, has already been in orbit for four years. But Kardashev, a member of the Russian Academy of Science and Director of the Russian Academy of Science Institute of Physics, has earned even greater fame for his efforts to find traces of extra-terrestrial life forms, black holes, and wormholes.
Nikolai ...
en.anarchopedia.org, 20 Aug 2008 [cached]
Nikolai Kardashev
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Nikolai Semenovich Kardashev (ÐиколаÌй Семёнович Кардашёв) (born April 25, 1932 in Moscow) is a Russian and Soviet astrophysicist, and is the deputy director of the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow.
Kardashev graduated from Moscow State University in 1955, following up at Sternberg Astronomical Institute.He studied under Shklovskii and finished his PhD in 1962.
In 1963 Kardashev examined quasar, CTA-102, the first Soviet effort in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI).In this work he came up with the idea that some galactic civilizations would be perhaps millions or billions of years ahead of us, and created the Kardashev classification scheme to rank such civilizations.
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Kardashev became a corresponding (associate) member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Division of General Physics and Astronomy on December 12, 1976.He became a full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences on March 21, 1994.
Nikolai Kardashev is a ...
www.enigmaguild.org [cached]
Nikolai Kardashev is a Russian astrophysicist and the deputy director of the Russian Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow.
The Kardashev Scale was first proposed in 1964 and is a method of measuring a civilization's level of technological advancement, based on the amount of energy a civilization is able to utilize. Kardashev divided the scale into three designated categories:
Artificial Intelligence | 21st Century Tech Blog
www.21stcentech.com, 30 Oct 2014 [cached]
July 27, 2014 - Nikolai Kardashev, a Soviet astrophysicist born in 1932, devised a method of rating advanced civilizations. Technological advances, according to Kardashev, could ... Continue Reading →
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