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This profile was last updated on 11/9/14  and contains information from public web pages.

Nikolai S. Kardashev

Wrong Nikolai S. Kardashev?

Russian Astronomer

Local Address: California, United States
 
Background

Employment History

  • Deputy Director
    Russian Space Research Institute at Moscow's Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Russian Astrophysicist and the Deputy Director
    Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Full-Time Member
    Russian Academy of Sciences

Education

  • Moscow State University
136 Total References
Web References
Indicators | World Future Society
www.wfs-email.org, 9 Nov 2014 [cached]
Nikolai Kardashev, a Soviet astrophysicist born in 1932, devised a method of rating advanced civilizations. Technological advances, according to Kardashev, could theoretically create conditions where a society could maximize use of energy. He categorized each of these stages as Type 1 through Type 4.
Artificial Intelligence | 21st Century Tech Blog
www.21stcentech.com, 30 Oct 2014 [cached]
July 27, 2014 - Nikolai Kardashev, a Soviet astrophysicist born in 1932, devised a method of rating advanced civilizations. Technological advances, according to Kardashev, could ... Continue Reading →
Icarus Interstellar
www.icarusinterstellar.org, 30 April 2014 [cached]
Nikolai Kardashev, a Russian astronomer, proposed a scale for measuring civilizations based on their energy usage.
Sentient Developments | Transcedo
www.transcedo.org, 25 May 2013 [cached]
The scale was devised by Nikolai S. Kardashev, a Soviet-era cosmologist who is still active today. Though he's 81, Kardashev works as the deputy director of the Russian Space Research Institute at Moscow's Russian Academy of Sciences. During the 1950s, while both his parents were in Stalin's slave labor camps, he became an astronomy student at Moscow University's Mechanics and Mathematics department. His primary interest was in astrophysics and the theoretic potential for wormholes, but he also shared a fascination with the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (ETIs).
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Accordingly, Kardashev began to wonder if a good number of alien civilizations might be millions of years ahead of us, and if so, what their radio signatures might be like. Just how "loud," he surmised, could alien transmissions truly get?
This prompted Kardashev to write his seminal 1963 paper, " Transmission of Information by Extraterrestrial Civilizations. In it, he proposed a simple numbering system - from one to three - that could be used to classify hypothetical alien civilizations according to the amount of energy at their disposal. More specifically, he wanted to quantify the power available to them for their radio transmissions.
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In his paper, Kardashev wrote that a Type I civilization would be at a "technological level close to the level presently attained on the Earth, with energy consumption ~4 x 1019 erg/sec. That's about 4 x 1012 Watts.
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Pre-dating Moore's Law and Kurzweil's Law of Accelerating Returns, Kardashev noticed that the rate of humanity's energy consumption was increasing steadily.
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Kardashev described a Type III like this: "A civilization in possession of energy on the scale of its own galaxy, with energy consumption at ~4 x 1044 erg/sec.
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Though Kardashev never went past a Type III, others have taken his idea to the next level.
Nikolai Kardashev is a ...
www.enigmaguild.org [cached]
Nikolai Kardashev is a Russian astrophysicist and the deputy director of the Russian Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow.
The Kardashev Scale was first proposed in 1964 and is a method of measuring a civilization's level of technological advancement, based on the amount of energy a civilization is able to utilize. Kardashev divided the scale into three designated categories:
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