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2014-02-07T00:00:00.000Z

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Wrong Nikolai Kardashev?

Nikolai S. Kardashev

Astronomy Student At Mechanics and Mathematics Department

Moscow University

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Moscow University

Background Information

Employment History

Advocate

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

Astronomer

The Pro-bylaw

Affiliations

Deputy Director
Russian Space Research Institute

Founder
Kardashev Scale

Education

Moscow State University

Web References (139 Total References)


The scale was devised by Nikolai ...

www.exponentialtimes.net [cached]

The scale was devised by Nikolai S. Kardashev, a Soviet-era cosmologist who is still active today. Though he's 81, Kardashev works as the deputy director of the Russian Space Research Institute at Moscow's Russian Academy of Sciences. During the 1950s, while both his parents were in Stalin's slave labor camps, he became an astronomy student at Moscow University's Mechanics and Mathematics department. His primary interest was in astrophysics and the theoretic potential for wormholes, but he also shared a fascination with the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (ETIs).

...
Accordingly, Kardashev began to wonder if a good number of alien civilizations might be millions of years ahead of us, and if so, what their radio signatures might be like. Just how "loud," he surmised, could alien transmissions truly get?
This prompted Kardashev to write his seminal 1963 paper, " Transmission of Information by Extraterrestrial Civilizations. In it, he proposed a simple numbering system - from one to three - that could be used to classify hypothetical alien civilizations according to the amount of energy at their disposal. More specifically, he wanted to quantify the power available to them for their radio transmissions.
...
In his paper, Kardashev wrote that a Type I civilization would be at a "technological level close to the level presently attained on the Earth, with energy consumption ~4 x 1019 erg/sec. That's about 4 x 1012 Watts.
...
Pre-dating Moore's Law and Kurzweil's Law of Accelerating Returns, Kardashev noticed that the rate of humanity's energy consumption was increasing steadily. He wrote, "...the annual increase in this energy expenditure is placed at 3-4% over the next 60 years, on the basis of statistical findings.
...
Kardashev described a Type III like this: "A civilization in possession of energy on the scale of its own galaxy, with energy consumption at ~4 x 1044 erg/sec.
...
Though Kardashev never went past a Type III, others have taken his idea to the next level.


Sentient Developments | Transcedo

www.transcedo.org [cached]

The scale was devised by Nikolai S. Kardashev, a Soviet-era cosmologist who is still active today. Though he's 81, Kardashev works as the deputy director of the Russian Space Research Institute at Moscow's Russian Academy of Sciences. During the 1950s, while both his parents were in Stalin's slave labor camps, he became an astronomy student at Moscow University's Mechanics and Mathematics department. His primary interest was in astrophysics and the theoretic potential for wormholes, but he also shared a fascination with the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (ETIs).

...
Accordingly, Kardashev began to wonder if a good number of alien civilizations might be millions of years ahead of us, and if so, what their radio signatures might be like. Just how "loud," he surmised, could alien transmissions truly get?
This prompted Kardashev to write his seminal 1963 paper, " Transmission of Information by Extraterrestrial Civilizations. In it, he proposed a simple numbering system - from one to three - that could be used to classify hypothetical alien civilizations according to the amount of energy at their disposal. More specifically, he wanted to quantify the power available to them for their radio transmissions.
...
In his paper, Kardashev wrote that a Type I civilization would be at a "technological level close to the level presently attained on the Earth, with energy consumption ~4 x 1019 erg/sec. That's about 4 x 1012 Watts.
...
Pre-dating Moore's Law and Kurzweil's Law of Accelerating Returns, Kardashev noticed that the rate of humanity's energy consumption was increasing steadily.
...
Kardashev described a Type III like this: "A civilization in possession of energy on the scale of its own galaxy, with energy consumption at ~4 x 1044 erg/sec.
...
Though Kardashev never went past a Type III, others have taken his idea to the next level.


Sentient Developments: March 2013

www.sentientdevelopments.com [cached]

The scale was devised by Nikolai S. Kardashev, a Soviet-era cosmologist who is still active today. Though he's 81, Kardashev works as the deputy director of the Russian Space Research Institute at Moscow's Russian Academy of Sciences. During the 1950s, while both his parents were in Stalin's slave labor camps, he became an astronomy student at Moscow University's Mechanics and Mathematics department. His primary interest was in astrophysics and the theoretic potential for wormholes, but he also shared a fascination with the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (ETIs).

...
Accordingly, Kardashev began to wonder if a good number of alien civilizations might be millions of years ahead of us, and if so, what their radio signatures might be like. Just how "loud," he surmised, could alien transmissions truly get?
This prompted Kardashev to write his seminal 1963 paper, " Transmission of Information by Extraterrestrial Civilizations. In it, he proposed a simple numbering system - from one to three - that could be used to classify hypothetical alien civilizations according to the amount of energy at their disposal. More specifically, he wanted to quantify the power available to them for their radio transmissions.
...
In his paper, Kardashev wrote that a Type I civilization would be at a "technological level close to the level presently attained on the Earth, with energy consumption ~4 x 10 19 erg/sec. That's about 4 x 1012 Watts.
...
Pre-dating Moore's Law and Kurzweil's Law of Accelerating Returns, Kardashev noticed that the rate of humanity's energy consumption was increasing steadily.
...
Kardashev described a Type III like this: "A civilization in possession of energy on the scale of its own galaxy, with energy consumption at ~4 x 10 44 erg/sec.
...
Though Kardashev never went past a Type III, others have taken his idea to the next level.


Sentient Developments: How to Measure the Power of Alien Civilizations Using the Kardashev Scale

www.sentientdevelopments.com [cached]

The scale was devised by Nikolai S. Kardashev, a Soviet-era cosmologist who is still active today. Though he's 81, Kardashev works as the deputy director of the Russian Space Research Institute at Moscow's Russian Academy of Sciences. During the 1950s, while both his parents were in Stalin's slave labor camps, he became an astronomy student at Moscow University's Mechanics and Mathematics department. His primary interest was in astrophysics and the theoretic potential for wormholes, but he also shared a fascination with the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (ETIs).

...
Accordingly, Kardashev began to wonder if a good number of alien civilizations might be millions of years ahead of us, and if so, what their radio signatures might be like. Just how "loud," he surmised, could alien transmissions truly get?
This prompted Kardashev to write his seminal 1963 paper, " Transmission of Information by Extraterrestrial Civilizations. In it, he proposed a simple numbering system - from one to three - that could be used to classify hypothetical alien civilizations according to the amount of energy at their disposal. More specifically, he wanted to quantify the power available to them for their radio transmissions.
...
In his paper, Kardashev wrote that a Type I civilization would be at a "technological level close to the level presently attained on the Earth, with energy consumption ~4 x 10 19 erg/sec. That's about 4 x 1012 Watts.
...
Pre-dating Moore's Law and Kurzweil's Law of Accelerating Returns, Kardashev noticed that the rate of humanity's energy consumption was increasing steadily. He wrote, "...the annual increase in this energy expenditure is placed at 3-4% over the next 60 years, on the basis of statistical findings.
...
Kardashev described a Type III like this: "A civilization in possession of energy on the scale of its own galaxy, with energy consumption at ~4 x 10 44 erg/sec.
...
Though Kardashev never went past a Type III, others have taken his idea to the next level.


Spektr-R development

www.russianspaceweb.com [cached]

Still, on May 13, Nikolai Kardashev, the director of Astro-Space Center at FIAN, told RIA Novosti that the issue had been discussed at Roskosmos and the launch date had been left for the middle of July.

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