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2013-09-16T00:00:00.000Z

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Wrong Nikolai Kardashev?

Nikolai S. Kardashev

Russian Astrophysicist and the Deputy Director

Russian Space Research Institute

HQ Phone: +7 495 333-10-00

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Russian Space Research Institute

84/32 Профсоюзная улица

117997

Russia

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Background Information

Affiliations

Founder
Kardashev Scale

Education

Moscow State University

Web References (200 Total References)


Nikolai ...

www.bricsmagazine.com [cached]

Nikolai Kardashev

...
Nikolai Kardashev
one of Russia's best known international astrophysicists. He initiated a mega ambitious project to deploy interferometers both on Earth and in space with the super long Radioastron and Millimetron bases
...
Nikolai Kardashev, A radio telescope as big as the distance between the Earth and the Moon is helping to unlock the mysteries of the nucleus of our galaxy
Nikolai Kardashev - one of Russia's best known international astrophysicists - initiated a mega-ambitious project to deploy interferometers both on Earth and in space with the super long Radioastron and Millimetron bases. Radioastron, also known as Spektr-R, has already been in orbit for four years. But Kardashev, a member of the Russian Academy of Science and Director of the Russian Academy of Science Institute of Physics, has earned even greater fame for his efforts to find traces of extra-terrestrial life forms, black holes, and wormholes.


Nikolai Kardashev - one of ...

www.bricsmagazine.com [cached]

Nikolai Kardashev - one of Russia's best known international astrophysicists - initiated a mega-ambitious project to deploy interferometers both on Earth and in space with the super long Radioastron and Millimetron bases.

...
But Kardashev, a member of the Russian Academy of Science and Director of the Russian Academy of Science Institute of Physics, has earned even greater fame for his efforts to find traces of extra-terrestrial life forms, black holes, and wormholes.
...
Nikolai Kardashev
one of Russia's best known international astrophysicists. He initiated a mega ambitious project to deploy interferometers both on Earth and in space with the super long Radioastron and Millimetron bases


Nikolai Kardashev is a ...

www.enigmaguild.org [cached]

Nikolai Kardashev is a Russian astrophysicist and the deputy director of the Russian Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow.

The Kardashev Scale was first proposed in 1964 and is a method of measuring a civilization's level of technological advancement, based on the amount of energy a civilization is able to utilize. Kardashev divided the scale into three designated categories:


The scale was devised by Nikolai ...

www.exponentialtimes.net [cached]

The scale was devised by Nikolai S. Kardashev, a Soviet-era cosmologist who is still active today. Though he's 81, Kardashev works as the deputy director of the Russian Space Research Institute at Moscow's Russian Academy of Sciences. During the 1950s, while both his parents were in Stalin's slave labor camps, he became an astronomy student at Moscow University's Mechanics and Mathematics department. His primary interest was in astrophysics and the theoretic potential for wormholes, but he also shared a fascination with the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (ETIs).

...
Accordingly, Kardashev began to wonder if a good number of alien civilizations might be millions of years ahead of us, and if so, what their radio signatures might be like. Just how "loud," he surmised, could alien transmissions truly get?
This prompted Kardashev to write his seminal 1963 paper, " Transmission of Information by Extraterrestrial Civilizations. In it, he proposed a simple numbering system - from one to three - that could be used to classify hypothetical alien civilizations according to the amount of energy at their disposal. More specifically, he wanted to quantify the power available to them for their radio transmissions.
...
In his paper, Kardashev wrote that a Type I civilization would be at a "technological level close to the level presently attained on the Earth, with energy consumption ~4 x 1019 erg/sec. That's about 4 x 1012 Watts.
...
Pre-dating Moore's Law and Kurzweil's Law of Accelerating Returns, Kardashev noticed that the rate of humanity's energy consumption was increasing steadily.
...
Kardashev described a Type III like this: "A civilization in possession of energy on the scale of its own galaxy, with energy consumption at ~4 x 1044 erg/sec.
...
Though Kardashev never went past a Type III, others have taken his idea to the next level.


BRICS Business Magazine

www.bricsmagazine.com [cached]

Nikolai Kardashev - one of Russia's best known international astrophysicists - initiated a mega-ambitious project to deploy interferometers both on Earth and in space with the super long Radioastron and Millimetron bases. Radioastron, also known as Spektr-R, has already been in orbit for four years. But Kardashev, a member of the Russian Academy of Science and Director of the Russian Academy of Science Institute of Physics, has earned even greater fame for his efforts to find traces of extra-terrestrial life forms, black holes, and wormholes.

...
Nikolai Kardashev
...
Nikolai Kardashev
one of Russia's best known international astrophysicists. He initiated a mega ambitious project to deploy interferometers both on Earth and in space with the super long Radioastron and Millimetron bases
...
Nikolai Kardashev, A radio telescope as big as the distance between the Earth and the Moon is helping to unlock the mysteries of the nucleus of our galaxy
Nikolai Kardashev - one of Russia's best known international astrophysicists - initiated a mega-ambitious project to deploy interferometers both on Earth and in space with the super long Radioastron and Millimetron bases. Radioastron, also known as Spektr-R, has already been in orbit for four years. But Kardashev, a member of the Russian Academy of Science and Director of the Russian Academy of Science Institute of Physics, has earned even greater fame for his efforts to find traces of extra-terrestrial life forms, black holes, and wormholes.

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