By Maaika Santana & Nico Carpentier
If we take a closer look at these participatory media organizations in an urban context, their role in sustaining a democratic-communicative city unfolds on different levels (Carpentier, 2008).
Bailey, O., Cammaerts, B., Carpentier
, N. (2007) Understanding Alternative Media.
Maidstone: Open University Press
Nico Carpentier is an assistant professor working at the Communication Studies Department of the Free University of Brussels (VUB).
He is co-director of the VUB research centre CeMeSo and a board member of the European Communication Research and Education Association (ECREA).
theoretical focus is on discourse theory, his
research interests are situated in the relationship between media, journalism, politics and culture, especially towards social domains as war & conflict, ideology, participation and democracy.