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2016-04-28T00:00:00.000Z

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Wrong Michelle Bruno?

Dr. Michelle Bruno

Associate Professor of Counseling

Indiana University of Pennsylvania

HQ Phone: (724) 357-2200

Email: m***@***.edu

Indiana University of Pennsylvania

1011 South Drive

Indiana, Pennsylvania 15705

United States

Company Description

IUP is not the only college campus that has been the site of registration fraud this fall. The Reporter, a newspaper from suburban Philadelphia, included a story Tuesday about a registration scam very similar to the one at IUP. The scam occurred at Montgo ... more

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Background Information

Affiliations

Member
American Counseling Association

Committee Chair
PCA Inc

Education

Ph.D.

Web References (17 Total References)


Technology Archives - Counseling Today

ct.counseling.org [cached]

Michelle Bruno, a counseling professor at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, believes this widespread cultivation of the "perfect" image is exacerbating the struggle that many teenage girls already have with negative self-image.

"As adolescents, they are already engaging in social comparisons and fighting unrealistic media images at every turn," notes Bruno, who studies trauma and resiliency in adolescent girls. Now they are also faced with the seemingly perfect images being portrayed on their friends' social media accounts and on other websites. "[Adolescent girls] strive to maintain an online image and presence, to either take the 'perfect' picture or at least edit it in a way that makes it look perfect," Bruno says.
According to Bruno, girls may obsess over several types of questions with their selfies. Among them: Is the lighting right? How about the pose? Are my friends editing their photos a lot, or do they just naturally look better than me?
Bruno asserts that women and girls are already socialized to value themselves on the basis of their appearance, and selfies create virtually endless opportunities to self-critique. And once their images become public via social media and the Internet, the likelihood that these girls will be demeaned, belittled or sexualized greatly increases, Bruno says.
"Additionally, girls can learn to garner their value from this external reinforcement," she says. "They do not learn how to value themselves. They base their value on the reactions, 'likes,' responses and ideals of others. Experiencing this at a time when self-esteem and cognitive development are still forming is particularly worrisome, Bruno says.
However, if social media and the Internet are often judged to be bad influences on the self-worth of female adolescents, so too can they help to counter the negative messages that girls are receiving, Bruno emphasizes. The widespread connectivity that the Internet allows can enable girls to find groups and individuals who want to emphasize positive messages about self-esteem and self-worth.
"There are currently many websites and Facebook pages full of many voices that advocate for body-positive, self-affirming and gender-equalizing stances," says Bruno, citing examples such as A Mighty Girl, Girls Inc., Amy Poehler's Smart Girls and To Write Love on Her Arms.
...
In our celebrity-obsessed culture, these messages can have a profound effect on girls, Bruno emphasizes.
If people can change the critical things they tell themselves and focus on finding things they like about how they look, Bruno says, selfies can be used as a tool to allow girls and women to see and define their own unique beauty. "We must create platforms to discuss and combat the messaging and the factors that contribute to the way we see ourselves," she urges.
...
Michelle Bruno at mbruno@iup.edu


Counselors Audience Archives - Counseling Today

ct.counseling.org [cached]

This pressure has harmful effects on girls' social and academic development, says Michelle Bruno, a counseling professor at Indiana University of Pennsylvania whose research interests include trauma and resiliency in adolescent girls. Bruno had the opportunity to work with girls on these issues through her involvement in an empowerment program designed by the nonprofit organization Ruling Our eXperiences (ROX), which began as a research study by counselor educator Lisa Hinkelman at Ohio State University.

...
Bruno, an ACA member, helped bring ROX to several schools in western Pennsylvania, coordinating with school counselors and serving as one of the onsite supervisors.
"Girls [as young as 9] are navigating peer relationships and beginning to be able to choose more independently their participation in classes and activities in school," she says.
...
Bruno, like Choate, decries the tremendous pressure placed on girls regarding appearance. "The prominent messages about female beauty depict unrealistic and even unhealthy images," Bruno explains. "Body image struggles are exacerbated by the sexualization of girls in the media, which teaches girls that their value stems from sexual appeal, to the exclusion of other traits. Young girls may end up engaging in self-objectification to achieve attention from others. How one looks becomes a significant focus for young girls, who of course are also in the midst of physical changes."
Girls are also constrained by what they learn about "acceptable" female behavior, Bruno continues.
"Girls may be oversocialized with regard to expectations around relationships, with a need to please others being paramount over other behaviors," she says.


This pressure has harmful effects on ...

ct.counseling.org [cached]

This pressure has harmful effects on girls' social and academic development, says Michelle Bruno, a counseling professor at Indiana University of Pennsylvania whose research interests include trauma and resiliency in adolescent girls. Bruno had the opportunity to work with girls on these issues through her involvement in an empowerment program designed by the nonprofit organization Ruling Our eXperiences (ROX), which began as a research study by counselor educator Lisa Hinkelman at Ohio State University.

...
Bruno, an ACA member, helped bring ROX to several schools in western Pennsylvania, coordinating with school counselors and serving as one of the onsite supervisors.
"Girls [as young as 9] are navigating peer relationships and beginning to be able to choose more independently their participation in classes and activities in school," she says.
...
Bruno, like Choate, decries the tremendous pressure placed on girls regarding appearance. "The prominent messages about female beauty depict unrealistic and even unhealthy images," Bruno explains. "Body image struggles are exacerbated by the sexualization of girls in the media, which teaches girls that their value stems from sexual appeal, to the exclusion of other traits. Young girls may end up engaging in self-objectification to achieve attention from others. How one looks becomes a significant focus for young girls, who of course are also in the midst of physical changes."
Girls are also constrained by what they learn about "acceptable" female behavior, Bruno continues.
"Girls may be oversocialized with regard to expectations around relationships, with a need to please others being paramount over other behaviors," she says.


Pennsylvania Counseling Association | Development

www.pacounseling.org [cached]

Dr. Michelle Bruno Indiana University of Pennsylvania 400 Penn Center Boulevard, Ninth Floor, Building #4 Pittsburgh PA 15235 mbruno@iup.edu Monroeville Campus: 412-824-1999

...
If you do not receive yours by December 15, 2010, please contact Michelle Bruno at mbruno@iup.edu. Thank you!


With the funding received, Michelle ...

www.thepenn.org [cached]

With the funding received, Michelle Bruno, a member of IUP's counseling department, plans to continue the 22-week program. The ROX program will continue to be conducted with fifth-graders in Ligonier Valley School District and seventh-graders in Connellsville Area School District. Bruno hopes to bring ROX to the Indiana Area School District.

Bruno has been involved with the ROX program since its creation in 2006. Bruno runs the program in elementary, middle and high schools. According to a 2012 new release, Bruno said the idea of "combating problems earlier in girls' lives" is to impact them while they are young so they may begin to see themselves in a different way.
Lessons in the program, tailored by age groups, cover topics such as bullying, body issues, academic and career development, and friendships. Past programs have included a tour of IUP's campus and facilities as part of the students' exposure to post-secondary life.
Bruno, according to a 2012 news release, hopes to involve IUP students as volunteer speakers, or hosts, when the students visit campus. The ROX program, according to Bruno in a 2012 press release, when run in the past, got a "really strong response" from both the girls and administrators.
"We also got positive feedback from parents wondering how we could keep it in the school," she said.
...
Bruno worked as a counselor in the Ohio State Counseling Center.

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