(14 Total References)
Meliton Geronimo, 10th Degree Redbelt, Grandmaster of Sikaran
In recognition of this achievement, the Philippine Sportswriters Association
vested on Meliton Geronimo
the Sportsman of the Year Award.
, who codified, organized and elevated SIKARAN
from an ancient system to a modern fighting art was awarded the title of Grandmaster of SIKARAN with the rank of 10th Degree Red Belt.
was vested the Order of the Eagle (Agila), the highest award in the Asian Karate Association
Some people were insistent on calling the art Philippine Karate professing that it has been influenced too much by Karate.
Some contend that it should be called Modern SIKARAN
to differentiate it with the SIKARAN of old, because foreign but similar fighting arts have debauched its distinctive style.
, maintaining that this is neither a new nor a different art, but a natural evolutionary progression of the centuries-old art of SIKARAN, resisted to use a qualifier and retained the name of the art the way it has always been since the 1800's.
It may have seemed an insignificant matter to some, but to Meliton Geronimo
, it looms large on the horizon of the future of SIKARAN
strongly declared that the art of SIKARAN that he
is propagating is the same art his
grandfather propagated in the 1800's.
emphatically stressed that nobody can improve on perfection of the centuries-old art of SIKARAN.
emphasized that what he
improved on is the "packaging" and "presentation" of SIKARAN
Working together, Meliton Geronimo
, his younger brother Jaime Geronimo and Emmanuel del Espiritu Santo Querubin, with the encouragement and wisdom of SIKARAN
Haris Cipriano Geronimo, Melencio Bigasin and Manuel Ocampo and Arnis de Mano Grandmaster Daniel Rendal, formalized the syllabus of the techniques and curriculum of SIKARAN.
In 1969, Meliton Geronimo
and Emmanuel del Espiritu Santo Querubin's Terminologies of the Filipino Fighting Arts received the approval of the Institute of National Language
and the Department of Education, bolstering the identity of SIKARAN
as an indigenous empty-hand fighting art of the Philippines.
In the same year, Meliton Geronimo
and Emmanuel Querubin published two SIKARAN Instructional Manuals.
From 1969 to 1972, Meliton Geronimo and his senior instructors, Jaime Geronimo, Emmanuel del Espiritu Santo Querubin, Angeles Sanchez, Rodrigo Espiritu, Ramon Valdenor and Serafin Pangilinan, were assigned to train Republic of the Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos and the Presidential Security Command in SIKARAN.
The Karate Brotherhood of the Philippines became an original signatory member while Meliton Geronimo and Emmanuel del Espiritu Santo Querubin were designated lifetime founding signers of the WUKO charter.
, has gained worldwide recognition as a martial arts leader and the Philippines, through the Karate (SIKARAN) Brotherhood of the Philippines, has emerged as a powerhouse in the international Karate scene.
This personal glory was bothersome for Meliton Geronimo
With the formation of WUKO
was being identified too much as Karate instead of the distinct Filipino Fighting Art that it is.
Apprehensive that SIKARAN
may lose its identity over the international acceptance of Philippine Karate, Meliton Geronimo
, shortly thereafter relinquished his
position in the World Union of Karate-do Organizations
Energized by the enthusiasm of the SIKARAN
elders, Meliton Geronimo
devoted all his
time and energy in the propagation of SIKARAN.
personal stature as a pacesetter in the Karate world, he
dropped all reference to SIKARAN
as Philippine Karate and propelled the Filipino Fighting Art to its rightful place in the international martial arts scene.
Adopting the ancient rules of SIKARAN competition, Meliton Geronimo set tournament protocol making SIKARAN a modern and exciting competitive sport.
is now practiced in several countries in at least four continents and is universally recognized as the Filipino Fighting art that it is.
After retiring from the Philippine Air Force, with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, Meliton Geronimo was elected Mayor of the town of Baras in the province of Rizal.
first official action as Mayor was to acknowledge Baras as the birthplace of SIKARAN
A similar resolution was also passed by the provincial government of the province of Rizal
also erected a monument of two SIKARAN
fighters in a biyakid position, adjacent to the multi-purpose gymnasium that he
also constructed to be home of SIKARAN.
and Meliton Geronimo
are synonymous and nobody can rightfully claim to have learned the art unless they learned it from Meliton Geronimo
Unfortunately, unsuspecting people are being bilked by self-proclaimed "masters" and even "grandmasters," who after hearing about SIKARAN
, cleverly put together some hand and foot techniques and call their art SIKARAN.
, still actively oversees the affairs of the KAPATIRANG SIKARAN NG PILIPINAS
(ruling body of SIKARAN) and the KAPATIRANG PANDAIGDIG NG SIKARAN (WORLD BROTHERHOOD OF SIKARAN), comprised of several affiliates from all over the world.
With Meliton Geronimo
at the head, his
two most senior and ardent followers stand by his
There is only one Grandmaster of SIKARAN
accepted by the SIKARAN elders and that is Meliton Geronimo
There is only one Filipino Grandmaster sanctioned and recognized by the Asian Karate Association
to hold the rank of 10th Degree Red Belt in SIKARAN and that is Meliton Geronimo
Emmanuel del Espiritu Santo Querubin, Head Instructor of SIKAP, met Meliton Geronimo, in 1958 when the former affiliated his school Samahan sa Ikauunlad ng Karate sa Pilipinas (SIKAP) later renamed SIKARAN PILIPINAS (SIKAP) with the KARATE (SIKARAN) BROTHERHOOD OF THE PHILIPPINES, headed by Meliton Geronimo.
In the 1950's, Meliton Geronimo
, under the tutelage of these last living masters of SIKARAN, Cipriano Geronimo, Melencio Bigasin, Manuel Ocampo, Aurelio Cabacob, Angeles Pilapil and Servillano Javier, started formulating the curriculum of what is now present day SIKARAN.
The genre of SIKARAN
that was handed down to Meliton Geronimo
at the tender age of eight by his father, Cipriano Geronimo, was a very effective and even deadly fighting system.
, foot-fighting system of the Philippines, Meliton Geronimo
to the Foot-fighting Art of the Philippines.
The author refers to SIKARAN
as the Unarmed Fighting Art of the Filipino Farmer, which he
feels is a more accurate definition.
To attain international recognition, it was imperative to apply a systematized classification and organization of the techniques and modernized the way SIKARAN was taught and disseminated.
To achieve this goal, Meliton Geronimo aligned the propagation of SIKARAN with Karate, even using the explanatory title "Philippine Karate".
To Emmanuel Querubin, Meliton Geronimo
assigned the recording of the chronicle and journal of SIKARAN.
modified where it needs modification, such as using the white martial arts attire and ranking system signified by the color of belt.
developed where it needs development, such as the practice of techniques and drills in choreographed balangkas (formal exercises or patterns).
also adopted new methods where it was needed, such as rules and regulations to be accepted as a modern sport while maintaining SIKARAN's fighting attributes and origin.
laid down the foundation of present day SIKARAN.
This website, based on the book SIKARAN
Fighting Art of the Filipino Farmer, the result of the persevering efforts of Emmanuel del Espiritu Santo Querubin, is a record of the evolution of SIKARAN from a system to an art.
It came into reality with the encouragement of Meliton Geronimo
, Jimmy Geronimo, Cipriano Geronimo, Melencio Bigasin, Manuel Ocampo and Daniel Rendal.
In the 1960's while preparation of this book was in progress, Meliton Geronimo
was busy making representations with the Asian Karate Association
for the recognition of SIKARAN
, as a distinct Filipino Unarmed Fighting Art.
and Meliton Geronimo
were featured in the Martial Arts Masters, Founders and Leaders book published in the United States.
was also featured in the Filipino Martial Arts Digest
, published by Steven Dowd of Fallon, Nevada.
In 1969, Meliton Geronimo
and Emmanuel Querubin published two SIKARAN instructional manuals.
The verifiable information all led to the lineage of Meliton Geronimo
and only went back up to the early to mid 1800s, at the time of his grandfather Bonifacio Geronimo.
This book reaffirms the stewardship of Meliton Geronimo
as the only Grandmaster of SIKARAN
acknowledged by the last Hari's of SIKARAN
, is the only 10th Degree Red Belt in SIKARAN, sanctioned and recognized by the Asian Karate Association
A short primer on Sikaran and Meliton Geronimo:
Sikaran started as an activity to entertain and while away the time of Filipino farmers.
In the 1800's Sikaran rules were adopted elevating it into a foot-fighting system.
In the 1950's Meliton Geronimo, a direct descendant of Sikaran champions elevated Sikaran into a foot-fighting art.
Born in 1927, Meliton Geronimo served with the Marking Guerillas during the Second World War when he was only a teenager.
Meliton Geronimo was inducted in the Philippine Air Force finally retiring as a Lieutenant Colonel.
In the 1950's he
resurrected the interest in the practice of the ancient Filipino Art of Foot-fighting called Sikaran
, which he
learned from his
father and the elders of Baras, Rizal.
In 1958 he
established the Kapatirang Sikaran ng Pilipinas.
In line with the then being established Asian Karate Association
called the art Philippine Karate and used the English term Karate Brotherhood of the Philippines.
, Japanese Karate, China's Kung-Fu and the Korean Art of Tang Soo Doo are very similar arts using bare hands and feet as weapons.
In 1960 he worked towards the recognition of Sikaran as a distinct Filipino Martial Arts and the acceptance of the Philippines in the Asian Karate Association, composed of Japan, China and Korea.
In 1963 Meliton Geronimo's
efforts paid off when the Philippines was accepted for membership in the Asian Karate Association
In 1964 he competed in the First Asian Karate Championships in Tokyo, Japan and was awarded "Most Courageous Fighter."
In 1966 Sikaran
was recognized as a distinct Fighting Art of Filipino origin by the Asian Karate Association
and Meliton C. Geronimo
was granted the rank of 10th Degree Red Belt (highest in the martial arts) as Grandmaster of Sikaran
In six Asian Karate Championships, the Philippines garnered 7 Gold Medals under the leadership of Meliton C. Geronimo
In 1967, the Secretary-General of the Karate Association of Malaysia came to the Philippines to recruit four students of Meliton Geronimo to teach Philippine style Karate in Kuala Lumpur.
In 1969, upon the recommendation of Meliton Geronimo
, Malaysia was accepted as a member and competed in the Sixth Asian Karate Championships held in the Philippines.
In 1970, when the Asian Karate Association
was disbanded, Meliton C. Geronimo
represented the Philippines in the First World Karate Congress
and was instrumental in the formation of the World Union of Karate-do Organizations
(WUKO), then the world ruling body in Karate.
In 1972, Meliton Geronimo
time and energy in the advancement and propagation of Sikaran
relinquishing all references to the Filipino art as Philippine Karate.
They found a protégé in Meliton Geronimo, elder son of Cipriano Geronimo.
Even as a young boy, Meliton Geronimo
has displayed exceptional proficiency in SIKARAN
As a teenager, Meliton Geronimo
has shown unusual fortitude and courage by serving with distinction in the resistance movement with the Marking Guerillas during the Second World War.
Born on March 10, 1927, Meliton Geronimo is a man for all seasons.
is a master of SIKARAN, a military man, and a politician.
Even with his busy schedule, Geronimo finds time to be a movie actor.
In the early 1950's, Meliton Geronimo
, already a budding master of SIKARAN and a non-commissioned officer in the Philippine Air Force
was sent to Japan and the United States as part of the Reparations Treaty Contingent from the Philippine Air Force
Philippine Air Force Captain Domingo Polotan introduced Meliton Geronimo to Master Koichi Kondo of the All Japan Karate Federation.
The American soldiers who trained with him christened him Chief Geronimo, (the native American chieftain) as a sign of awe and respect of his physical prowess.
That was the first time that SIKARAN
was introduced in the United States.
Karate was gaining popularity in the whole world and in the Philippines as well.
In order for SIKARAN to gain international acceptance, Meliton Geronimo found it expedient to align the propagation of SIKARAN with Karate and use the subtitle Philippine Karate in reference to SIKARAN.
also realized that to gain recognition, it was essential to make adjustments and modernize his
approach to the practice of SIKARAN
, at the same time preserving the authenticity and identity of the art.
Understanding this need, Geronimo
adopted the required choreographed formal exercises from Japan and Korea for purposes of international competition.
However, to retain the distinctive origin of SIKARAN
also created and developed SIKARAN's own personalized formal exercises.
systematizing and organizing the techniques of SIKARAN
effectively elevated SIKARAN
from a "foot-fighting system" to the "fighting art of the Filipino farmer."
While a non-commissioned officer, in the Philippine Air Force
, Meliton Geronimo
started teaching military personnel and their dependents the Filipino fighting arts of SIKARAN and ARNIS DE MANO.
Upon learning of the existence of this club, several civilians sought instructions from Meliton Geronimo
Since most civilian members have no access to the military base, it was decided to rent a building outside the base to serve as headquarters and central gymnasium.
In 1958 the group was renamed the Karate (SIKARAN) Brotherhood of the Philippines.
In 1960, Geronimo
communicated with Master Koichi Kondo of the All Japan Karate Federation
in an effort to join and have the Asian Karate Association recognize SIKARAN
as a distinct empty-hand fighting art of Filipino origin.
On February 8, 1961, affixing his
seal on his
response, Master Koichi Kondo acknowledged Geronimo's letter.
Again, on May 5, 1961, Master Koichi Kondo sent a hand written response from Korea, to Meliton Geronimo
In 1962, Master Koichi Kondo, Chief Instructor of the All Japan Karate Federation, as a prelude for recognition of SIKARAN as a distinct Filipino empty-hand fighting art named Meliton Geronimo, now a captain in the Philippine Air Force, Japanese Karate Grades Commissioner for the Philippines.
In recognition of his skill, Meliton Geronimo was awarded the 5th Degree black belt by Kyojiro Furusawa, president of the All Japan Karate Federation.
It was at that time, the highest grade in Karate awarded to a non-Japanese.
The same reciprocal authority was accorded to Meliton Geronimo by Korean Tang Soo Doo Grandmasters Hwang Kee of the Moo Doo Kwan and Kwai Byung Yun of the Jee Doo Kwan.
Although it took a while, on March 6, 1963, Master Koichi Kondo confirmed his
support for Meliton Geronimo
and the KARATE (SIKARAN) BROTHERHOOD OF THE PHILIPPINES for membership in the Asian Karate Association
and extended an invitation for the Philippines to participate in the First Asian Karate Championship.
In an attempt to make it a regular part of the Asian Games, a uniform name for the sport was necessary.
All member countries agreed to use the collective name of Asian Karate Association
In 1964, Meliton Geronimo
led a team of SIKARAN players in the First Asian Karate Championships held in Japan.
It was the first time that Japanese Karate, Chinese Karate, Korean Tang Soo Doo, called Korean Karate and SIKARAN
, referred to as Philippine Karate, competed in an international tournament using a standard uniform rule of contest.
The rules were almost made-to-order for SIKARAN fighters.
They were the matira ang matibay (knock-out-survival-of-the-fittest) kind of rules, the forte of SIKARAN
Meliton Geronimo's skill in SIKARAN paid off when he was named Most Courageous Fighter.
It was his
first international competition and the first honor for the Philippines in the martial art field of empty-hand fighting.
It also proved the flexibility and ability of SIKARAN practitioners to adapt to different fight situations under a different set of rules of engagement.
In subsequent Asian Karate Championships, several other honors were won under the leadership of Meliton Geronimo
Jaime Geronimo, younger brother of Meliton Geronimo, won the "Most Courageous Fighter Award."