(194 Total References)
Max Coats, the ...
Max Coats, the USDA director for Indonesia, said cooperation among all stakeholders, including the government, was needed to spread information to the public about the threat of the bird flu virus.The quick spread of the H5N1 bird flu virus meant action had to be taken quickly, he said.Indonesia has recorded 69 bird flu deaths, the highest figure for any country.Coats said many Indonesians were well educated about the virus, but that they were outnumbered by those who still knew little about it.
Nocona Chamber of Commerce - Texas Animal Health Commission News Release
"Stock covered by the breeding cattle testing and identification requirement include weaned heifers, bred heifers, cows and bulls intended for breeding purposes," explained Dr. Max Coats, assistant executive director for the Texas Animal Health Commission, the state's livestock health regulatory agency."The USDA has delayed until January 1, 2003, additional restrictions onmoving feeder cattle out of the state.Feeder animals include steers, bull calves and heifers destined for grazing and feeding for slaughter."
"We've worked to prepare Texas cattle producers for the impact of this regulation change for several months and have conferred frequently with related industry associations.Brochures outlining the changes in the testing requirements can be obtained from the TAHC at no charge," said Dr. Coats
"This new federal regulation will require ranchers to plan ahead before selling or moving their breeding cattle out of state," he
said."Ranchers may find their breeding cattle to be more marketable if the animals are tested prior to arrival at the livestock market.Untested breeding cattle and bison will be restricted to movement only within the state or directly to a slaughter plant, unless a buyer makes arrangement to have the animals held and tested after the sale.Ranchers will be responsible for paying their USDA accredited, private veterinary practitioners for testing."
To conduct a TB skin test, an accredited veterinarian injects a tiny amount of tuberculin into the animal's skin near its tail, in an area called the "caudal fold."After a 72-hour waiting period, Dr. Coats
said the veterinarian examines the site for swelling that might indicate the animal has been exposed to cattle TB.If there is no response, the accredited veterinarian can issue a document as proof of testing, recording on it the test results and the animal's official identification--either a brucellosis ear tag, or for purebred cattle, a firebrand or tattoo registered with the breed.
"About one percent of the 'caudal fold' tests will be positive, and this is expected, as there can be false-positive test results," noted Dr. Coats
."If this occurs, a state or federal veterinarian must run a second test within 10 days.This 'comparative cervical' test, run on the animal's neck, also requires a 72-hour waiting period, and if it is negative, the animal can move freely.A positive test, however, is strong indication the animal may have cattle TB, and it must be slaughtered and carefully examined for internal TB lesions.Tissue samples will be collected and forwarded to the National Veterinary Services Laboratory in Ames, Iowa, for laboratory confirmation." "There are three exceptions to the TB testing requirements for breeding cattle moving across state lines," said Dr. Coats, who heads up TAHC's field operations and animal health programs.
"Nursing calves can move without a test, if they accompany their TB-tested dam.Cattle going directly to a slaughter plant from a farm or livestock market don't need a test.Ranchers also can move animals freely from a TB accredited-free herd, a status gained through annual herd testing."(Dr. Coats advised producers to call the TAHC
at 1-800-550-8242 for information about the TB accreditation program.) "We are working with the USDA, states that receive our cattle, and the livestock industry to develop a plan for adequately identifying feeder steers and spayed heifers moving out of Texas on or after January 1, 2003," said Dr. Coats.
"We continue to wrestle with how to handle feeder heifers and bull calves after that date, as these animals could be selected for breeding purposes after being moved out of state.As quickly as possible, we will provide additional guidelines regarding the movement of these animals." Dr. Coats
explained that Texas initially earned Accredited-Free status for cattle TB in November 2000, with the exception of El Paso and Hudspeth Counties, which were "zoned out" by the USDA
, due to low levels of infection that recurred in several large dairies in the area.For purposes of cattle movement and cattle TB eradication, he
said Texas will remain "split," as El Paso and Hudspeth Counties cannot apply for Accredited-Free status until at least three years after its dairies are depopulated and no additional infection is detected.On the other hand, he
noted, the state's other 252 counties may reapply to the USDA
for TB Accredited-Free status in two years, if no more infected herds are found.
is accepting public comments on the US cattle TB regulations until August 5.A copy of the regulation downgrading Texas' cattle TB status and instructions for submitting comments may be obtained on the internet at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/ppd/rad/webrepor.html, or by calling the USDA
's Regulatory Analysis and Development at 301-734-8682. Texas Animal Health Commission
News Release Archives
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Attending the ribbon cutting ceremony ...
Attending the ribbon cutting ceremony were: Robbie Robinson, Regional Manager; Max Coats, Manager Penney's; Edwin Ourant, President Rax; Pat Dolan, Manager; Mike Cress, Assistant Manager and Bill Dolan, District Manager
Texas Horsemen's Partnership Home Page
"We always launch a disease investigation when blisters or sores are reported in livestock, to determine if foot-and-mouth disease has been introduced into the U.S.," said Dr. Max Coats, deputy director for Animal Health Programs for the Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC), the state's livestock and poultry health regulatory agency.
"Because horses are not susceptible to FMD, we knew, in this case, that the animals had vesicular stomatitis (VS), or possibly had come in contact with poison or a toxic plant.
The National Veterinary Services Laboratory (NVSL) in Ames, Iowa, has confirmed that the three horses in Reeves County have VS."
said researchers have determined that VS outbreaks are started by a virus transmitted by arthropods, such as ticks, mites, biting midges, mosquitoes or house flies.
Following an incubation period of two to eight days, infected animals may develop clinical signs of disease.
The outbreak then can be perpetuated by biting insects that carry the disease from infected to healthy livestock.
VS-infected animals also can spread the virus if their saliva or the fluid from ruptured blisters contaminates equipment or feed shared by herd mates.
Sick animals should be isolated until they heal, he
noted that all livestock on the affected ranch in Reeves County will remain quarantined for several weeks, until they no longer pose a health threat to other livestock.
Prior to quarantine release, the animals will be re-examined by a state or federal regulatory veterinarian, to prevent the spread of disease to other premises.
"VS is rarely fatal, and infection usually runs its course in a couple of weeks," commented Dr. Coats
Humans reportedly may contract VS and develop flu-like symptoms that can last four to seven days," warned Dr. Coats
"If your livestock develops blisters, erosions or sores, don't pass it off as another case of VS," Dr. Coats
"It is extremely important that we collect samples and have laboratory tests run to determine the cause of illness.
Report these signs of disease to your private veterinary practitioner or the TAHC
hotline number is operational 24 hours a day at 1-800-550-8242, and a TAHC or U.S. Department of Agriculture
veterinarian always is on call to take reports and work with your private veterinarian at no charge."
"If you plan to ship horses or other livestock out of state, contact the state of destination prior to transporting the animals," urged Dr. Coats
Texas Horsemen's Partnership Home Page
"Nationally, we're seeing fewer cases than in l997, when the disease was confirmed on 380 premises before the outbreak ended in late fall," said Dr. Max Coats, deputy director for Animal Health Programs for the Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC), the state's livestock and poultry health regulatory agency.
"I don't recall Texas ever having this many confirmed cases - a total of 11 so far -- or seeing them as far east as Starr County.
Usually, Texas' lone case or two is detected in far west Texas."
"Even though the case numbers have remained fairly low, some states receiving livestock have imposed movement restrictions or testing requirements, as a precaution against potential disease spread," said Dr. Coats
"Please report signs of illness in livestock that resemble vesicular stomatitis," urged Dr. Coats
"These can include blisters or erosions in an animal's mouth or on the muzzle, on the teats, or above the hooves.
VS can affect horses and other equine animals, cattle, deer, goats, swine and a number of other animals.
Tests will be run at no charge to the owner, so that we can ensure that we are, in fact, dealing with VS, and not the highly dangerous foot-and-mouth disease, which exhibits similar signs of disease in cloven-hooved animals.
noted that horses and other equine animals are not susceptible to foot-and-mouth disease, but tests can rule out other causes of illness, such as poison, toxic plants or other diseases.