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2013-10-14T00:00:00.000Z

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Wrong Matthew Palmatier?

Dr. Matthew Palmatier

Assistant Professor of Psychology

K-State

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K-State

Background Information

Employment History

Assistant Professor of Psychology

Kansas State University

Web References (22 Total References)


Research Suggests That Cigarettes' Power May Not Be In Nicotine Itself

treatmentcenters.com [cached]

"People have very regimented things they do when they smoke," said Matthew Palmatier, assistant professor of psychology at K-State.

...
Palmatier said much previous research on nicotine addiction has looked at the drug itself rather than the other factors he is studying.
"The approach we're taking is out of left field," he said. "But it seems to be one of the best explanations as to why people smoke."
Palmatier has a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to understand how this phenomenon can be used to better design tobacco addiction treatments, usually offered in patches and pills. He began psychological research in addiction as a graduate student and later began researching the reinforcing effects of nicotine.
"The big picture is trying to figure out why people smoke," Palmatier said.
...
By manipulating this signal, Palmatier and his colleagues found that the rats weren't really that interested in nicotine by itself.
"We figured out that what the rats really liked was turning the light off," Palmatier said. "They still self-administered the nicotine, but they took more of the drug when it was associated with a reinforcing light."
Palmatier and colleagues published a paper on their research in the August issue of Neuropsychopharmacology.
Palmatier has begun looking at how rats respond to sweet tastes after having nicotine. He said preliminary results show that nicotine has comparable effects on sweet tastes. That is, rats respond more for sugar-water solutions after getting nicotine.
"The taste aspect is really important because we can actually figure out how nicotine is increasing the subjects' behavior," Palmatier said. "If it makes a reward more pleasurable, then it may increase the palatability of a sweet taste."
Palmatier said that a future phase of research would be determining whether nicotine can make unpleasant experiences more tolerable, helping explain why lighting up after a bad day at work can be tempting.


For Matthew Palmatier, who ...

kstateinternetjournalism.wetpaint.com [cached]

For Matthew Palmatier, who teaches a course called Drugs and Behavior at Kansas State, the CMCR findings back up what he tells his students.

"One of the things I try to teach in my courses is that there are medicinal benefits to marijuana," Palmatier said. "It does reduce inflammation, it does stimulate appetite, it increases fat storage."
Currently in Kansas, the legal form of cannabis use is in a delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) pill called Marinol.
Palmatier said Marinol is not an effective medicinal treatment because THC, which is the active chemical in cannabis, is fat-soluble. What ends up happening, according to Palmatier, is the THC from the pill will distribute itself into all tissues and into adipose tissue.
"So whether or not it actually gets into the blood and makes it all the way to the target site - whether that's the brain, if you're trying to stimulate appetite; or to the eyes, if you're trying to treat inflammation associated with glaucoma - then you may have worse effects," Palmatier said.
With inhalation, however, he said patients are able to tightly regulate how much THC they ingest by titrating their smoking.
...
Palmatier, the K-State professor, said he is personally concerned about the motor and cognitive deficits associated with smoking marijuana. He said he envisions a situation in which, if legalized, traffic fatalities would almost certainly increase.
"That's a number that you never want to go up," he said, "even going up by one as a result of a law is potentially a terrible thing."
He said his fear is that people who are already making poor choices with alcohol and driving would make "really bad choices" with alcohol, marijuana and driving. So, he said, it would compound a problem we already face.


Natural foods

www.fonteine2.com [cached]

"People have very regimented things they do when they smoke," said Matthew Palmatier, assistant professor of psychology at K-State. "If you think about where people smoke or who they smoke with, you realize that it occurs in very specific places, often with a specific group of people. Maybe it's a reason why nicotine is so addictive — if you get used to having that extra satisfaction from things you normally enjoy, not having nicotine could reduce the enjoyment in a given activity. "People may not be smoking to obtain a pleasurable drug state. They may be smoking in order to regulate their mood, and that effect could make nicotine more addictive than other drugs. Palmatier said much previous research on nicotine addiction has looked at the drug itself rather than the other factors he is studying. "The approach we're taking is out of left field," he said. "But it seems to be one of the best explanations as to why people smoke. Palmatier has a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to understand how this phenomenon can be used to better design tobacco addiction treatments, usually offered in patches and pills. He began psychological research in addiction as a graduate student and later began researching the reinforcing effects of nicotine. "The big picture is trying to figure out why people smoke," Palmatier said. "There are a lot of health risks, and the majority of smokers already know what they are. They want to quit but can't. It's not because nicotine is a potent drug; it doesn't induce significant amounts of pleasure or euphoria. Yet, it's just as difficult if not more difficult to quit than other drugs. At K-State, Palmatier studies rats that are allowed to self-administer nicotine by pushing a lever. The main source of light in their testing environment shuts off when the rats earn a dose of nicotine. After about a minute, the light comes back on to signal that more nicotine is available. By manipulating this signal, Palmatier and his colleagues found that the rats weren't really that interested in nicotine by itself.


Cigarettes' Power May Not Be In Nicotine Itself, New Study Suggests

www.smoke4sale.com [cached]

"People have very regimented things they do when they smoke," said Matthew Palmatier, assistant professor of psychology at K-State. "If you think about where people smoke or who they smoke with, you realize that it occurs in very specific places, often with a specific group of people. Maybe it's a reason why nicotine is so addictive - if you get used to having that extra satisfaction from things you nor Mally enjoy, not having nicotine could Reduce the enjoyment in a given activity. "People may not be smoking to obtain a pleasurable drug state. They may be smoking in order to regulate their mood, and that effect could make nicotine More addictive than other drugs. Palmatier said much previous research on nicotine addiction has looked at the drug itself rather than the other factors he is studying. "The approach we're taking is out of left field," he said. "But it seems to be one of the best explanations as to why people smoke. Palmatier has a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to understand how this phenomenon can be used to better design tobacco addiction treatments, usually offe Red in patches and pills. He began psychological research in addiction as a graduate student and later began researching the reinforcing effects of nicotine. "The big picture is trying to figure out why people smoke," Palmatier said. "There are a lot of health risks, and the majority of smokers already know what they are. They want to quit but can't. It's not because nicotine is a potent drug; it doesn't induce significant amounts of pleasure or euphoria. Yet, it's just as difficult if not More difficult to quit than other drugs. At K-State, Palmatier studies rats that are allowed to self-administer nicotine by pushing a lever. The main source of light in their testing environment shuts off when the rats earn a dose of nicotine. After about a minute, the light comes back on to signal that More nicotine is available. By manipulating this signal, Palmatier and his colleagues found that the rats weren't really that interested in nicotine by itself. "We figu Red out that what the rats really liked was turning the light off," Palmatier said. "They still self-administeRed the nicotine, but they took More of the drug when it was associated with a reinforcing light. Palmatier and colleagues published a paper on their research in the August issue of Neuropsychopharmacology. Palmatier has begun looking at how rats respond to sweet tastes after having nicotine. He said preliminary results show that nicotine has comparable effects on sweet tastes. That is, rats respond More for sugar-water solutions after getting nicotine. "The taste aspect is really important because we can actually figure out how nicotine is increasing the subjects' behavior," Palmatier said. "If it makes a reward More pleasurable, then it may increase the palatability of a sweet taste. Palmatier said that a future phase of research would be determining whether nicotine can make unpleasant experiences More tolerable, helping explain why lighting up after a bad day at work can be tempting.


Maybe cialis samples findings determine ...

www.foodgeekery.com [cached]

Maybe cialis samples findings determine that they do when they smoke, said Matthew Palmatier, assistant professor.

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