(32 Total References)
The Romanian Jewish Community
The military ruler of Romania during the first years of WWII, Marshal Ion Antonescu, a loyal supporter of Hitler and a fierce opponent of the expansion of Soviet Communism.
Antonescu viewed the Romanian Jewish population as "Judeo-Bolshevik" and with this image in the mind of average Romanians, had a free hand to put in motion his plans to kill as many Jews as possible, through forced labor camps .
Antonescu, was eventually removed from power and executed, and under the Communist regime he was declared a war criminal.
For some anticommunist activists (the "dissidents") his persona was transformed into that of a martyr and national patriot.
Most of these supporters deliberately ignore the crimes committed under the direct command of Antonescu
against the Romanian Jewish population.
Indeed, Antonescu's supporters openly dispute the official numbers of Jews
that were exterminated.
Several claim that Antonescu
actually saved the Romanian Jewish population from total extermination.
Using pseudo-scientific explanations they point to the fact that Romania is the Eastern European country with the highest percentage of WWII Jewish survivors.
In their opinion this "fact" makes the numbers attributed to the dead Jewish population in Romania "acceptable" when compared against the numbers of Jews
exterminated in Hungary and other countries.
Until the summer of 2002, numerous streets and public squares were named after Marshal Ion Antonescu
statues were displayed in public places.
Government officials were faced with repeated questions on the measures being taken to prevent the nationalist veneration of Marshal Ion Antonescu
Professor Buzatu is also one of the leaders behind the "Ion Antonescu" foundation which is active in promoting the image of Marshal Ion Antonescu
as a national hero .
a. The elimination from public life of the cult of Marshal Antonescu
, the leader of the totalitarian state in the period 1940-1944, who was subsequently sentenced to death and executed in 1946 as a war criminal.
was responsible for the death of at least 250,000 Jews
throughout the territory of Romania, Basarabia, Bucovina and Transnistria.
b. The prohibition of manifestations of anti-Semitism
and of the denial of the Holocaust.
1. The "Curentul" daily newspaper of August 7 reports: "The Mayor of Flamanzi
in front of the Village Council
The mayor, a member of the National Liberal Party
, states that "even in 10 years from now I will have the same ideas.
I will say the same things.
should be built a golden bust and we should kiss it every day..."
2. On the night of October 11-12, notorious and well-known German slogans were written on the walls of the Jewish Theatre, recalling the extermination camp at Auschwitz.
5. In the hall of the teacher's entrance to the Iulia Hasdeu High School, Bucharest
there is a memorial plaque that commemorates the participation of the King (Mihai I), the ruler of the state (Marshal Ion Antonescu), and the Minister of National Culture
(Ion Petrovici) at the inauguration of the new school building in 1942.
This was the pretext for which Antonescu
ordered the crossing of the Prut, and for which Romania entered into an alliance with the Nazi Germany.
The matter became absurd after it developed into an inversion of relations between the marshal and the Jews "The Jews should erect statues (to Antonescu - our note) themselves... Marshal Antonescu saved the Jews and we shall continue to defend his traces that still exist in the country at present..."
denies that there is anti-Semitism
in Romania today, C.V. Tudor finds its cause.
To summarize his
views: the Jews
, Romanian or Israeli citizens, aim to get rich to the detriment of the Romanians.
This position found supporters in the debates of a private television channel, OTV, where there were reiterated the arguments according to which Marshal Antonescu
actually "saved" the Jews
from Romania, Transnistria being a kind of vacation colony, and that the Jews
thus rescued, instead of being grateful, brought the communism in Romania and contributed to the physical elimination of the political and cultural elite of Romania.
The Romanian leader, Marshal Ion ...
The Romanian leader, Marshal Ion Antonescu, managed to get Hitler to agree to an evacuation and non-combat troops were shipped out between 14 and 27 April.
The line had been well and truly broken and Hitler finally agreed to fall back on the FNB line that Antonescu
had first suggested during the summer.
Cease-fire negotiations were completed with the Soviets, ironically Antonescu
had already done most of the groundwork, and at 0030 the Romanian forces in the field were ordered to cease fighting the Red Army
The Romanian Jewish Community
"The Free Romania" newspaper published on February 19th, 2000 the photo of the stern statue of Marshal Antonescu that has been placed for several years in the center of the town of Slobozia.
"The Monitor" also published fragments of the intervention made by Mr Pincu Kaiserman, President of the local Jewish Community, in the City Council: "My conscience forces me to disagree to the erection of the bust of Marshal Antonescu, a man who was supposed to defend the integrity of all the inhabitants of Romania, but who nevertheless allowed for more than 10.000 Jews to be sent to a horrifying death in the death trains - of whom more than half perished in terrible torment".
Marshals Averescu and Prezan awarded orders and medals to many Jewish fighters… As a Romanian citizen, I would add that Marshal Antonescu is also responsible for the death of hundreds of thousands of Romanians who were sent to fight outside the boundaries of the Great Romania, only because he had given his word to Hitler."
The Romanian Jewish Community
In Romania the government of that period held in the hands of Marshal Antonescu has had a contradictory attitude towards the Jews.
During the first years the Jews were massacred by the "legions" of the infamous "Iron Guard", a small fascist group which was authorized by the chief of state (Antonescu) to carry out actions to their liking.
With no instruction from the Nazis these barbarians committed pogroms (in Iasi, for example) and deportations (in Transdniestria).
Afterwards, from 1944 onwards the Jews are protected by the government which does not hold out for too long and which is knocked over by King Michael.
The new head of state (King Michael who later will be expelled by Communists) opposed to the ideas implemented by Marshal Antonescu
, turns against the Axis powers in order to join the Allies