Dr.Maria Sultan, head of SASSI, the second speaker of the session stated that since the events of September 9/11, security dynamics changed significantly not just for United States but for the entire region including Pakistan.
believed that the use of asymmetrical force by various countries including the U.S and Iraq, alienation of the majority out of a major power structure and promoting a 'minority complex" as in the case of Afghanistan have all led to an increase in terrorism.
Another rising concern, she
said, is the patronage of different groups such as the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan which has been involved in various terrorist activities in Pakistan and China.
According to her
, the 'heart of terrorism' lies with two fundamental questions which is the money trail (sources of funding) and the weapons trail which needs to be examined to understand the situation completely.
contended that signing of the Bilateral Security Agreement by the Afghan Government is vital to Pakistan because it would allow the CIA
to carry out counterinsurgency operations without a blowback.
With respect to Pak-China friendship, she
stressed that the time tested friendship has entered into a new phase of enhanced cooperation through the launch of vital projects such as the Pakistan-China Economic Corridor.
felt that the overall stability of the region would be possible if the friendship is seen through the lens of strategic necessity.