editextracted from Wikipedia
, the Free Encyclopedia (using Wikipedia Reflection Script) Manuel Castells (full Spanish name: Manuel Castells OlivÃ¡n; born 1942 in HellÃn, Albacete, Spain) is a sociologist associated particularly with research into the information society and communications.
According to the Social Sciences Citation Index's survey of research from 2000 to 2006, Castells
was ranked as the fifth most cited social sciences scholar and the foremost cited communications scholar in the world.
Raised primarily in Barcelona as part of a conservative family, Castells
became politically active in the student anti- Franco movement as a teenager.His political activism necessitated fleeing the country: he finished his degree at the age of twenty in Paris.After completing a doctorate in Sociology at the University of Paris, he taught at the university between 1967 and 1979, first at the Nanterre Campus, from which he was expelled after the 1968 student protest, and then, from 1970 to 1979, at the Ã‰cole des Hautes Ã‰tudes en Sciences Sociales.In 1979, he was appointed Professor of Sociology and Professor of City and Regional Planning at the University of California, Berkeley.In 2001, he also became a research professor at the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC), Barcelona.In 2003, he left UC Berkeley to join the University of Southern California (USC) Annenberg School for Communication as a professor of communication and the first Wallis Annenberg endowed Chair of Communication and Technology.He is a founding member of the USC Center on Public Diplomacy and a senior member of the Center's Faculty Advisory Council.Castells is also a member of the Annenberg Research Network on International Communication.He received numerous honorary doctorates and other honours in recognition of his work.
During the 1970s, Castells
played a key role in the development of a Marxist urban sociology.He
emphasised the role of social movements in the conflictive transformation of the urban landscape.He
introduced the concept of "collective consumption" (public transport, public housing, et cetera) to frame a wide range of social struggles, displaced from the economic to the political field by state intervention.Abandoning the strictures of Marxism in the early 1980s, he
began to focus on the role of new technologies in economic restructuring.In 1989, he
introduced the concept of the "space of flows", by which he
meant the material and immaterial components of the global information networks through which more and more of the economy was coordinated, in real time across distances.In the 1990s, he
combined both strands of his
research into a massive study, Information Age, published as a trilogy between 1996 and 1998.In response to the critical reception of that work at a number of large seminars held at universities across the world, a second edition was published in 2000.
Castells analysis unfolds along three basic dimensions â€" production, power and experience.This stresses that the organisation of the economy, of the state and its institutions, and the ways that people create meaning in their lives through collective action, are irreducible sources of social dynamics.They need to be understood in their own terms as well as in relation to one another.Applying such an analysis to the development of the Internet, Castells
stresses the roles of the state (military and academia), social movements (hackers and social activists) and businesses in shaping the infrastructure according to their (conflicting) agendas.
In the trilogy, he
condenses this view to the statement "Our societies are increasingly structured around the bipolar opposition of the Net and the self." The Net means the new, networked forms of organisation which are replacing vertically integrated hierarchies as the dominant form of social organization.
is one of the world's most highly cited social science and communication scholars and has written more than 20 books including:
Castells, Manuel (2001).The Internet Galaxy, Reflections on the Internet, Business and Society
.Oxford: Oxford University Press
.ISBN 978-0199255771.Castells, Manuel (1996, second edition, 2000).The Rise of the Network Society
, The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture
Vol.I.Cambridge, MA; Oxford, UK: Blackwell.ISBN 978-0631221401.Castells, Manuel (1997), second edition, 2004).The Power of Identity, The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture
Vol.II.Cambridge, MA; Oxford, UK: Blackwell.ISBN 978-1405107136.Castells, Manuel (1998, second edition, 2000).End of Millennium, The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture
Vol.III.Cambridge, MA; Oxford, UK: Blackwell.ISBN 978-0631221395.
The Urban Question.
...Books on Manuel Castells
Susser, Ida.The Castells Reader on Cities and Social Theory.Oxford, Blackwell
(2002) Castells, Manuel; Ince, Martin.Conversations with Manuel Castells
.Oxford, Polity Press
(2003) Stalder, Felix.Manuel Castells
and the Theory of the Network Society
.Oxford, Polity Press
of Communication Academic journal
co-edited by Castells
, established in 2007