In 1913, Allan and Malcolm Loughead
(name later changed to Lockheed) flew the first Lockheed
plane over San Francisco Bay.
The first plane to bear the Lockheed name was built by Allan and Malcolm
in San Francisco in 1913.
Malcolm left in 1919 to pursue hydraulic automobile brakes, but Allan persevered.
As a post-war effort, and just before Malcolm
left, they linked up with Antony Stadlman (an Early Bird colleague from Chicago) and John K. Northrop.
Interestingly, Malcolm formed the Lockheed Hydraulic Brake Company and moved to Detroit.
succeeded in working with Walter Chrysler to introduce hydraulic brakes on his
business to Bendix in 1932.
They were three brothers, born Loughead
, an Irish name which is properly pronounced something like Lockheed. (After half a lifetime of being miscalled Log-head, they bowed to the inevitable and decided to spell it like it is.)
Their mother, Mrs. Loughead
, was on her
own, maintaining a modest place on the shores of San Francisco Bay.
four children (there was a sister, too) by selling feature articles to the San Francisco Chronicle
, and grapes and prunes from her
groves to all comers.
But fruit held no fascination for her
sons, nor feature writing, either.
They all wanted ,to be engineers.
Victor, the eldest, departed first, migrating to Chicago to be an automobile engineer.
got a job in 1904 as a mechanic for White steam cars.
But that was not all; on the side, together with brother Malcolm
designed and built a small seaplane.
had long held the idea that he
could build a four-wheel hydraulic brake system for automobiles.
went of to Detroit to develop hydraulic brakes-using for the first time the phonetic name Lockheed
But he insisted the company be called Lockheed
, to capitalize on the growing success of brother Malcolm's