was in West Pakistan.Zia joined the Pakistan army in 1953 and was commissioned from Kakul military academy two years later.
In the India- Pakistan war of 1965, he
led a company and was said to have sent to Germany for higher training.Later in his career, Zia was appointed as the instructor of Pakistan Military Academy at Kakul.General Zia
was the reincarnation of Aurangjib in Bangladesh politics.Like Aurangjib who ostensibly killed his own brothers for Islam, Zia
being a self proclaimed freedom fighter, was instrumental to nip in the bud the very spirit of liberation war by distorting and destroying everything associated with the war.
...Like Shakespeare's Macbeth, Zia had always been a ambitious army officer.
But unlike Macbeth, Zia
never showed any military prowess in his
was a third grade soldier but a keenly opportunist officer.His
induction and training in the military intelligence core yielded him few deadly but effective skills: how to ride tides of opportunity (exploiting the opportunity in 1971 to wear freedom fighter tag) and back stab to rise to the crust of power (Colonel Taher).
Zia's naked ambition was first exposed when he
announced himself as the president of Bangladesh
version of the declaration of the war of independence on March 27, 1971 from Chittagong
was actually going to receive weapons from the Chittagong dock as an officer of Pakistan army
controversially acclaimed role as the announcer of the war of independence came upon him as he
was stopped and forced by the rebel Awami leaguers (led by Mr. MA Hannan) in Chittagong
. A shrewd intelligence officer Zia understood the significance of the event and its potential for his future.
This freedom fighter tag later afforded Zia immense credentials contributing to the political image of himself as well as his
survived the series of coups and counter coups following the murder of Sheikh Mujib
freedom fighter image duped Col Taher and his
comrades.One should remember that neither Khaled Musharaf, nor Colonel Taher, but Zia
was the beneficiary of Sheikh Mujib murder.
1. In 1971, during the war of independence and backed by the Indian military intelligence RAW, Zia
, in collaboration with Osmani, wanted to form a War Council
to undermine the authority of the provisional (Mujibnagar) government headed by Tajuddin Ahmed in order to subvert the independence war from within and replace the civilian leadership with a military one.
In 1973, however, when Tajuddin was deserted by Mujib, Zia
sided with the ISI and CIA
and did the same thing he
wanted do do in 1973 to fulfill his
personal ambition.Due to his conspirator role, General Osmani suspended Zia
three times during the 1971 liberation war.
took that revenge 1st by shooting Gen.Osmani's helicopter on Dec 16, 1971 near Sylhet border and 2nd by putting him on 3rd position behind Hafejji hujur in presidential election with Zia
topping the liast while he
was a chief martial law administrator..
2. In 1975, Zia
imposed the concept of Bangladeshi Nationalism in order to accommodate the anti-liberation forces (Muslim Leaguers, Islamic fundamentalist groups, pro-Chinese leftists ) in national politics so as to subvert the mainstream secular political trends achieved through the liberation war.
3. Literally made politics difficult by investing large amount of foreign aids to buy over opposition political leaders in order to form his
own political party the Bangladesh
Nationalist Party (BNP).
4. As a part of his
political scheme, Zia
rehabilitated all the returned Bangladeshi (from Pakistan after 1975) civil and military bureaucrats in top administrative positions to change the orientation (pro establishment like in Pakistan as opposed to democratic character it gained due to the impact the liberation war) of the state machineries.In 1975, Zia
formed an administrative reorganization committee to rehabilitate the anti liberation forces in administration.
All the members of the committee were well-known pro-Pakistani civil and military bureaucrats: Commodore MH Khan, Air Vice Marshal MG Towab, Dr MN Huda and Zia
himself.Prof Emajuddin Ahmed pointed out that out of 31 top advisers /ministers of Zia
19 were strongly anti Bangladesh
In this regard a comment by Prof Musharaf Hossain is relevant: "......the most distinguished people Zia
invited to join his government, after his rise to power in 1975, were Justice Sattar, Kazi Anwarul Huq, Hafiz Uddin, Mirza Nurul huda, Mohd Shamsul Haque, Shafiul Azam, Azizul Huq, Zahirul huq and so on.
ruthlessly eliminated the remaining Muktijoddha (pro liberation) officers in the army, navy and air force (in 1977, a total of 1143 air force officers and soldiers, former freedom fighters, were killed in firing squad under Zia's instruction ).
removed secularism from Bangladesh
constitution and replaced it with
Islam (Bismillah), and socialism with social justice.
ruined the system crucial for democracy: the election system.He
was first to use bureaucratic machinery to manipulate votes: in the referendum of 1977 Zia
got 98.88% votes (88.5% registered votes) whereas in the 1970 election, at the height of the nationalist movement, Sheikh Mujib
received only 55.09% of the registered votes.
8. On November 9, 1975 Zia
dissolved the commission for investigation of the murder of four national leaders in Dhaka central jail.
9. During Zia's regime the size of the defense forces was increased by 300 times.
10. By May, 1976, Zia
conferred the war criminals constitutional rights to vote and involve in political activities in Bangladesh
let the killers of Sheikh Mujib escape from Bangladesh
and rewarded them with diplomatic posts and status in various foreign missions of Bangladesh.
turned the historical racecourse ground where Sheikh Mujib
organized one of the largest protest rallies of human history, into a children's park (financed by Saudi Arabia) in his
process to distort the history of Bangladesh
set the trend of cutting trees and concretization of Dhaka city.This urban jejuneness is the projection of Zia's inner void.
17. Like a tin soldier Zia
was a coward despite his
outward appearance of a military mucho man. Inspired by the spirit of the liberation war, many freedom fighters married helpless, socially rejected Bangalee women, victims of the war.But being a self proclaimed captain of the war, Zia
refused to accept his
wife as she
was confined in Dhaka cantonment during the war.After the war Sheikh Mujib had to convince Zia
to accept his
never accepted his
wife wholeheartedly and maintained a palsied relationship with her
18. Both Khaled Mosharraf and Zia
did military coups to rise to power.But the difference between Khaled and Zia
was: Khaled had no political ambition whereas Zia
cherished political ambition since his
accidental participation in the liberation war.Khaled declared himself as the chief of armed forces, not as the president of the republic.But Zia
, in his
first declaration of the liberation war on 27 March 1971, declared himself as the president of Bangla Desh
.Later in 1977 he
puppet president and declared himself as the president of Bangladesh
19. After independence AL government allocated a house in Dhaka to Moni Singha, the president of CPB
, because Paki army
burnt down his
house after bulldozing it with elephants.Zia
evicted Moni Singha from his
house when he
came to power.
20. It is a matter of scholastic speculation to determine who is more powerful: live or dead Zia?Zia
always loved to glorify himself as he
did during the liberation war.His
cronies, always powerful behind the screen, fed Zia's urges for mythopoesis.After his
was spiritualized in Bangladeshi politics.Sheikh Mujib's dead body was taken to Tungipara and buried in the same day.But Zia's dead body wasn't taken to Bogra.Instead a big monument was erected overnight on Zia's grave next to the parliament house at the heart of Dhaka city.
Why so much honor was accorded to an ordinary major or a sector commander of 1971 while the architect of the liberation war was literally buried out of sight of the whole nation?The answer is simple: to spiritualize Zia
into fine political ideology.To let his
apparition haunt the nation in the perpetual medievalism.
torn vest and a broken suitcase after his
death in 1980.The tokens were meant to indicat