Prolotherapists have a long history treating TMD since the time of Louis W. Schultz, MD, DDS in the 1930's.
Dr. Schultz was unique in that he was both a dentist and a medical doctor.
He was an Associate Professor in the Department of Surgery at the University of Illinois and Rush College of Medicine.
published several papers on the treatment of subluxation of the temporomandibular joint, including one in 1937 in the Journal of the American Medical Association
16. Schultz L. A treatment of subluxation of the temporomandibular joint.
JAMA. September 25, 1937.
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described just how common TMJ syndrome was and that the traditional treatments of rest, appliances in the mouth, physical therapy, and surgery were only partially successful.
described a simple method of shortening and strengthening the TMJ capsule by injection (later termed prolotherapy).
tested various solutions in animals until he
found one that caused a strengthening of the ligaments that support the TMJ but caused no injury to other structures.17.
noted that over the course of his
twenty years of doing prolotherapy for TMD, not only was it effective, but the treatment lacked significant side effects.
taught the technique of TMJ prolotherapy to Gustav S. Hemwall, MD.
After acquiring Dr. Hemwall's practice, Dr. Schultz's
son came to the clinic for a prolotherapy evaluation.
While practitioners of prolotherapy since the time of Dr. Schultz
have commonly used prolotherapy for all sorts of TMD, even in cases not involving subluxation, no other studies have been done since that time.