And on page 209, we read that the Communists
had rejected "every overture General Marshall and Dr. Stuart
had persuaded the Government to make.
The United States Ambassador, Dr. Leighton Stuart, wrote frequently of the critical situation of the Nationalist forces and their desperate need of ammunition.
And on August 10, 1948, panic-stricken by the imminent success of the Marshall-Acheson policy designed to establish a coalition government in China, Ambassador Stuart wrote: "Even though at present some form of coalition seems most likely, we believe that from the standpoint of the United States it would be most undesirable.
The fact that the delays and difficulties, and price hoists, which defeated the intent of the China Aid Act were deliberate is indicated by a letter written to Secretary of State Marshall by Ambassador Stuart from Nanking dated May 10, 1948.
Dr. Leighton Stuart
, who loved the Chinese
and wished them well, seems to have been unable, nevertheless, to make up his
mind between the dictates of practical common sense and his
reports show his
vacillation between his
convinced belief that the National Government must reform in order to be saved, and his
lively appreciation of the fact that there was little time or opportunity for it to institute a democratic form of government in view of the imminent danger of all China's being overwhelmed by the Communist totalitarian tyranny.
continued to fill his
dispatches with long laments concerning the shortcomings of the National Government, while also issuing warnings of the disastrous effects to be expected from the Communist conquest of China
As late as November 28, 1947, Secretary of State Marshall wrote to our Ambassador in China, Leighton Stuart (as quoted in the White Paper):
On October 29, 1947, Ambassador Stuart had written: