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This profile was last updated on 7/8/15  and contains information from public web pages.

Mr. Larry Hoover

Wrong Larry Hoover?


The B.O.S.

Employment History

  • Associate Agent
    Benefit Planning , Inc.
  • The prison !based GD

Board Memberships and Affiliations

Web References
But when it comes to federal ..., 8 July 2015 [cached]
But when it comes to federal prosecution of gangs like the now famous prosecution of the Gangster Disciples in Chicago, in which 39 of the top leaders including Larry Hoover were convicted, we generally do not have a "follow-up study" that is built into the prosecutorial function.
Larry Hoover was born on November 30, 1950. He grew up in a small rural town in Mississippi; migrating to Chicago in the late 1950's.
Larry Hoover was involved with this low level emerging gang.
In 1966 the Black Disciples (BD) gang was formed by King David Barksdale; it began a new gang identity, one that persists even today. Larry Hoover was not known to be involved with the BD gang organization, it exists today as a rival to the GD gang. Larry Hoover remained involved with the Devil's Disciples however, up until the BD leader was neutralized by rival gunfire.
It would also position Larry Hoover for a major organizing opportunity to establish his own gang.
From approximately 1970 and continuing until 1973 Hoover forms spin-off group called "The family" includes "Supreme Gangsters". His group would include figures who would continue for the next 25 years to build up the gang organization known as the Gangster Disciples. This young kid from Mississippi with a serious speech defect (i.e., stuttering problem) would emerge shortly as a major player in Chicago gangs; ultimately, making him possibly the most serious gangster of the 20th Century. But his first effort to run an empire falls short due to his violence: he wanted to send a message to the rest of the gangs that he was someone to be "reckoned with". Thus, on February 26, 1973 Larry and his associate Andrew Howard killed a drug dealer who refused to pay them for a drug supply.
This leadership void in Black gangland would provide Larry Hoover the ultimate window of opportunity to launch his new gang empire.
In 1974 Hoover's growing influence in "the family" and the "Supreme gangsters" culminates in a new identity: "Gangster Disciples". They were called variously "Black Gangster Disciples (BGD's)", "Black Gangster Disciple Nation (BGDN)", but always were GD's. What is significant? The gang was basically formed while Larry Hoover was in prison, serving a life sentence for a murder conviction.
In the next four years, Larry's influence would rapidly grow behind bars, making the GDs the most formidable gang inside the Illinois prison system. Thus, in 1978 a major prison riot in IDOC erupts at Pontiac prison: and, yes, the GD's were heavily involved; some say Larry Hoover even masterminded the entire prison riot.
Three correctional officers were killed in the 1978 riot. Larry Hoover was indicted, but charges had to be dropped against him, because no one would testify against Larry Hoover at that time.
In 1979 the one and only assassination attempt was made against Larry Hoover by gang member named "Nissan", he was a Black Gangster (the BG's are a third derivative gang from the original Devil's Disciples). The attempt to kill Larry Hoover involved using a homosexual to stab him, but it did not succeed, and the homosexual inmate died violently.
The 1980's would be owned by Larry Hoover, due to his enhanced ability to administer his gang by being eventually transferred to a minimum security facility where he would get constant access to visitors and phones, enabling his communications even with his underlings in other institutions, and on the streets. It was in the early 1980's that Larry Hoover's official title expanded: he was now "Chairman of the Board". While we doubt that he actually drafted the memo's, as our information indicates that these materials were crafted by the "Minister of Information" for the GDs, who is a highly educated GD member, and who was not prosecuted in the federal case against Larry Hoover and his top 38 associates, it is clear that Larry was eager to take the intellectual credit for these missives, orders, and memoranda issued routinely to the "troops".
Larry Hoover masterminded a detailed organizational plan to formalize the Gangster Disciples behind bars. Here is how the managerial flow chart worked, obviously, Larry was the "Chairman of the Board": (1) The Board of Directors, appointed only by the Chairman, establish policy and amend Nation laws, they approve programs and assist in the education of the Nation, and hear all complaints and grievances for the GD nation; (2) The Institutional Coordinators, appointed by the Chairman, there is one for each prison or institution; they appoint Unit Coordinators, the equivalent of a "cellhouse leader", they oversee the functions of the gang, communicate weekly with all their unit coordinators, they ensure that all laws and policies governing the GD nation are enforced, and report daily to the Chairman on the function and progress of the gang nation; (3) Institutional board secretary, appointed by the Chairman, oversees all correspondence and literature for the GD nation, re-screen all incoming and outgoing members, function as an emissary of the Board of Directors, and communicate daily with the Chairman; (4) Institutional legal coordinator, appointed by the Chairman, oversees legal affairs of the GD nation as well as complaints and grievances from members, and reports daily to the chairman on all complaints, grievances, reports and the functions of the organization; (5) Educational program director, appointed by the chairman, oversees teaching within the institution to GD members, oversees classes and quizzes on GD literature, and reports daily to the Chairman on the functions and progress of the teaching staff; (6) Institutional exercise coordinator, appointed by the chairman, coordinates sporting and social events within the institution for the GD members, ensures the exercise program is functioning properly, and reports weekly to the Chairman; and (7) Institutional Treasurer, oversees the operations of the Nation's finances, communicates weekly with all Unit Treasurers and the Institutional Coordinator.
Now obviously, prior to getting his federal prison sentence, Larry Hoover was literally "micro-managing" his gang. That is no longer possible for him to do.
Once Hoover approved, perhaps editing here and there to a limited extent, the memo's became LAW for his gang.
In 1981 Larry Hoover issues a memorandum to his troops: no one in the GD gang can ever assault, threaten, or even disrespect a correctional officer without his "blessing"; threatening or assaulting a correctional officer would mean a serious "violation" from the GD's. It becomes one of the 16 "laws" that all incarcerated GD's must follow: it was Law #7 "Guards: no member shall engage in any unnecessary confrontation with any officers or administrative personnel". It works, his troops obey him. This lands Larry Hoover, even though serving a life sentence for murder, the reward of eventually being transferred to a "college campus-like" minimum security facility in downstate Vienna, Illinois. Hoover would be transferred out of high security to minimum security status in 1987. Larry Hoover would use this additional "freedom" to great advantage in further building his gang empire. There are no walls or even fences around the Vienna correctional facility. Larry Hoover would live in relative luxury. When GD's would be transferred to the Vienna facility, Larry would arrange for them to come and meet him: Larry would give them marijuana, money, cigarettes, whatever they wanted, and cultivate potential new middle-management leaders of the GD gang in this way.
Obviously, the "Chairman" of the "Board of Directors" for the Brothers of the Struggle is Larry Hoover. This becomes real clear in reading the memos. It is also real clear that the B.O.S. is simply the larger identity for the Black Gangster Disciple Nation (BGDN) or simply the "Gangster Disciples".
In a memo dated October 1, 1981 from Larry Hoover to his troops, the GD's are urged to study the written rules, regulations, and written codes and creeds developed by the GD organization. Obviously, every GD is expected to have a full copy. See Figure 23 for a copy of this memo. It is important, historically, for several reasons: (1) it instructs the membership that they will be getting more memos, and it therefore becomes a formal organization, centralized with Larry Hoover at the top; (2) a decade before the GDs would become visibly active in politics, here Larry Hoover alerts his troops to this long-term developmental strategy; and (3) he instructs GD's behind bars to "take jobs" in all possible areas of the prison where profits can be made for the gang (i.e., sensitive positions, etc, "unassigned" in prison means the inmate has no job, they are idle).
Figure 23
The Oct. 1, 1981 Typed Memo From Larry Hoover to His GD Troops
The June 18, 1982 memorandum from Larry Hoover to his troops signaled another organizational development: how to constantly replenish the middle-managemen
larry hoover, 22 June 2005 [cached]
Larry Michael HooverChairman of B.O.S & V.O.T.E
Imprisoned Gangster Disciple leader Larry Hoover imagines himself as a great born-again visionary; a "Messiah of the streets" who has renounced all of the violence, the killing, and the drug-related mayhem that has blighted much of the South and West Sides of Chicago since the 1960s.
The conviction of Larry Hoover is by far the single most important victory in the government's war against organized crime in years.Hoover's dope-peddling Gangster Disciples number in the tens of thousands.
A criminal enterprise of such staggering proportions is no longer just a street gang.It is the new face of organized crime in a changing world.We better get used to it.
Hoover contends that his Gangster Disciples - "G.D.'s" as they are known on the street, have ended the killing, the dope dealing, and the violence, and have attached a positive spin and a new name - "Growth and Development" - to what essentially remains a continuing criminal operation.
Through 21st Century V.O.T.E., the political arm of the G.D.'s, and "Save the Children Promotions" sponsoring free concerts for kids, Hoover and his spokesman Wallace "Gator" Bradley have tried to legitimize and soft-pedal the activities of the gang who closely studied the lessons of history and their role model, Al Capone, who operated soup kitchens during the height of the Great Depression.
In many respects Larry Hoover is the new Al Capone, and his highly centralized organization transcends the common designation of "street gang."
Despite Wallace Bradley's strong efforts to legitimize the activities of the street gangs, knowledgeable community leaders like the Reverend Jeffrey G. Haynes, executive director of the Reach Out and Touch program on the South Side are absolutely convinced that its all for show - an elaborate scam hatched by "King Larry" or the "Chairman" as Hoover is referred to on the street.
In a bid to gain his freedom and escape mandatory life imprisonment stemming from indictments charging Larry Hoover and 39 of his henchmen with running a continuing criminal enterprise from the Vienna Correctional Center in downstate Illinois, defense attorney Anita Rivkin-Safer analogized Hoover's background to the youthful indiscretions of Joseph Kennedy and Mayor Richard J. Daley.
However, these analogies to famous men of the past and the skeletons in their closet, fell well short of the mark with the jury who voted to convict Larry Hoover and six co-defendants on drug conspiracy charges May 9th.
Buy Free Larry Hoover T-shirt
The recent federal jury conviction means that Hoover faces a life sentence in a harsh federal penitentiary where his connections to the outside world and to his gang, will be minimized.Communications from the state prison system through memos and verbal directives will end, thus creating organizational disarray at the top.
"The sentence we anticipate for Mr. Hoover will hopefully guarantee that he will never, ever see parole," beamed U.S. Attorney Jim Burns.
Two of Barksdale's proteges, Larry Hoover and Jerome "King Shorty" Freeman splintered the "Nation" into separate factions.
One of the two university professors ..., 31 Aug 2014 [cached]
One of the two university professors conned by the GDs into testifying at the Illinois Prisoner Review Board hearing in February of 1995, for the release of Larry Hoover, Dwight Conquergood of Northwestern University, can be found in the print media presenting himself as a scholar and research expert on the Latin Kings.
This is the only way we can account for the fact that in September of 1996 the Gangster Disciples came out with their own book: claiming now that Larry Hoover is a kind of "God" who speaks with thunder and that he leads a group formerly known as "Gangster Disciples" but who are now all about "Growth and Development" for their community: it is a public relations gimmick, plain and simple, and gangs that have that kind of money can easily do what corporations do when they face "heat": they engage in a public relations function.
On Aug. 31, 1995, U.S. Atty ..., 16 Feb 2006 [cached]
On Aug. 31, 1995, U.S. Atty Jim Burns boasted in a Chicago news conference that a five-year federal investigation had "torn the head off the snake" by indicting 39 GD members and associates, including leader Larry "The Chairman" Hoover.
Hoover and 38 other GD middle management gang leaders now face long federal prison sentences for among other things using juveniles in their large scale drug sales operations. Hoover himself faces a federal life sentence if convicted.
Officers and officials from the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms, U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency, the U.S. Marshal's office, Internal Revenue Service, U.S. Customs, Illinois State Police, Chicago Police and Chicago Housing Authority Police were also to savor that day. "Operation Headache" culminated in 21 arrests without injury to either officers or arrestees.
Hoover himself was flown from prison in Dixon, Ill. into Meigs Field, and subsequently taken to the Dirksen Federal Building.
Two men attempted to fill the power void: Jerome "Shorty" Freeman rose to become the leader of the existing Black Disciples; and Larry "King" Hoover created his own thing --- the Black Gangster Disciples.
Freeman tried to secure Barksdale's territory for the benefit of his gang, the Black Disciples or BD's (which continues today as a separate organization with its own unique by-laws and constitution.)
From prison, Hoover fused remnants of Barksdale's organization with that of his own gang, "The Family.
Hoover had founded "The Family" at age 23, about a year before Barksdale's death. (See Chicago Tribune, Dec.11, 1973). Members of the Supreme Gangsters, a transition gang identity, became the Gangster Disciples.
Mississippi-born Hoover lived at 121 E. 104th St., in what today is called the "hundreds" area of Chicago's southside.
His gang's territory stretched from Chicago to Gary, Ind. On Nov. 5, 1973 Hoover was found guilty of the kidnap murder of reputed addict William Young.
Young, whom Hoover suspected of stealing from The Family's narcotics supply, was found shot to death in an alley at 6814 S. Lowe St. later that day.
Both Howard and Hoover received sentences of 150 to 200 years in the Illinois Department of Corrections. When Barksdale died in 1974, Hoover was ideally positioned to begin organizing his own gang following.
Howard, later known as "Dee Dee" was to continue his association with Hoover, and would himself be included in the Aug. 31 indictments.
Hoover flourished in his quarters at the Illinois Department of Corrections (IDOC), growing in influence and power.
How powerful? Hoover was indicted for ordering the inmate uprising in Pontiac Correctional Center in 1978 in which three officers died. Charges against Hoover were dropped because of the difficulty of getting other GD's to testify against their leader.
How powerful? We can add the comments of a high ranking gang informant on this issue:
"I heard through the grapevine, when Mike Lane was the director of IDOC, Lane used to fly down there (to Vienna) a lot and walk the yard with Hoover; Lane is the one who put him down there (in Vienna). The rumors were that he had somebody on the outside who would deliver an envelope of money through third parties to Lane. They would use third parties so it would not come back to any of them."
"Hoover practically masterminded the riot in 1978.
"Hoover was hit only once, after Barksdale died, there was a guy named Nissan.
Nissan had a homosexual hit Hoover because he wanted to humiliate Hoover. The homo stabbed Hoover two or three times before Hoover's security got a hold of him. This guy Nissan is in Danville now, he made a training trape for the corrections academy on how to disarm an inmate with a weapon."
In 1993, when Hoover began serious efforts to win parole through political and public pressure, he would appear at the parole board hearing "dressed as though on a European vacation: black loafers, black pleated slacks and a white, short-sleeve shirt" (George Papajohn, "Killer Hoover Pleads to Go Free: Broker, Even Ex-Prosecutor Stand Up For Convict", Chicago Tribune, 8-11-93).
And Hoover was until the Fall of 1994 held in the Vienna Correctional Center in Vienna, Illinois --- a very comfortable, minimum security, college campus style facility with no fences. The historical issue is what major type of power brokerage was Hoover able to use to gain a transfer to this Vienna facility.
How could a gang leader serving a life sentence for murder wield such clout? One explanation is that prison officials and gang members alike believed that Hoover held the power of life and death in his hands.
Hoover was able to order all GD's incarcerated in the IDOC to not assault a correctional officer or employee without his direct authorization --- thus, any assaults against prison staff anywhere in Illinois would be considered a major "violation" in the gang laws that GD's live by behind bars.
Gang Leader's Prison Status: Ability to Lead From Behind Bars
This ability of a gang leader to operate from behind state prison walls amazes most people who do not understand modern gangs. The public is equally unaware of how in the Federal Bureau of Prisons such gang leaders would face a no human contact status facility like that of California's Pelican Bay Correctional Center. Illinois state facilities have a long history of trying to manage gangs by providing special concessions to gang leaders such as Hoover.
The 1993 parole board hearing showed the ability of Hoover to orchestrate a large public relations campaign for his release. A petition for his release with 5,000 signatures was submitted to the Illinois Prisoner Review Board. Thus, when on August 10, 1993 Hoover sought a parole, he was able to appear as if the entire community wanted him back in town. The fact is, however, some signatures on the list were in fact coerced; as one of the present writers did interview a female who asserted that the GD's basically showed up at her home one night (she had been a former member of the gang, and she had no idea how they had found her, it was somewhat unsettling to her she stated) and did not ask her, they directed her to sign the petition. The National Gang Crime Research Center did attempt to secure a copy of the complete list from the Illinois Prisoner Review Board by a FOIA request for purposes of gang research; but this effort was not successful, as the Board chairman reported that the list had been destroyed.
It was at this 1993 summer parole hearing that Hoover had felt comfortable enough that the GD public relations campaign had been successful, that he himself claimed at the hearing that he had now converted the Gangster Disciples into a new pro-social group called "Growth and Development". Thus, he was basically claiming that the group that he led was no longer involved in blood, guns, and drugs --- rather his new organization was that seeking better growth and development.
While a number of important community leaders, business leaders, and politicians (including former Chicago mayor Eugene Sawyer) had come to testify in favor of his release, Hoover was denied a parole.
The modus operandi used by Larry Hoover to obtain expert testimony on behalf of his bid for a parole involved having his attorneys basically contact the university-based professors in the midwest who had previously been quoted in the newspapers on gang issues. Two professors did in fact testify on behalf of Larry Hoover at his parole hearing in early 1995. As a side note, Hoover's attorney did contact the NGCRC, and we said we might be able to determine if Hoover was in fact rehabilitated because we use facts: we would have to give Larry a series of tests and do some serious interviews on him before we could be certain he was "rehabilitated", needless to say the attorney quickly gave up on the NGCRC in Chicago as a source of manipulating gang apologists to benefit the gang itself.
Dr. Bartollas not only testified for Hoover, but also came to the benefit of the GDs in another way: by writing a OP-ED piece as a guest editorial in the Chicago Tribune (July 13, 1995) to defend the "gang deactivation program" at Englewood High School (formally now referred to as the Englewood Technical Preparatory Academy, a Chicago public school).
Recall, that during the 1993 Gang Peace Summit Meeting held in Chicago, that Englewood High School was also the scene for the infamous award ceremony that gave awards to gang leaders like Larry Hoover.
At the NGCRC we realized several years ago that Larry Hoover had several plans
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