But when it comes to federal prosecution of gangs like the now famous prosecution of the Gangster Disciples in Chicago, in which 39 of the top leaders including Larry Hoover
were convicted, we generally do not have a "follow-up study" that is built into the prosecutorial function.
Larry Hoover was born on November 30, 1950.
grew up in a small rural town in Mississippi; migrating to Chicago in the late 1950's.
was involved with this low level emerging gang.
In 1966 the Black Disciples (BD) gang was formed by King David Barksdale; it began a new gang identity, one that persists even today.
was not known to be involved with the BD gang organization, it exists today as a rival to the GD gang.
remained involved with the Devil's Disciples however, up until the BD leader was neutralized by rival gunfire.
It would also position Larry Hoover
for a major organizing opportunity to establish his
From approximately 1970 and continuing until 1973 Hoover
forms spin-off group called "The family" includes "Supreme Gangsters".
group would include figures who would continue for the next 25 years to build up the gang organization known as the Gangster Disciples.
This young kid from Mississippi with a serious speech defect (i.e., stuttering problem) would emerge shortly as a major player in Chicago gangs; ultimately, making him possibly the most serious gangster of the 20th Century.
first effort to run an empire falls short due to his
wanted to send a message to the rest of the gangs that he
was someone to be "reckoned with".
Thus, on February 26, 1973 Larry and his associate Andrew Howard killed a drug dealer who refused to pay them for a drug supply.
This leadership void in Black gangland would provide Larry Hoover
the ultimate window of opportunity to launch his
new gang empire.
In 1974 Hoover's growing influence in "the family" and the "Supreme gangsters" culminates in a new identity: "Gangster Disciples".
They were called variously "Black Gangster Disciples (BGD's)", "Black Gangster Disciple Nation (BGDN)", but always were GD's
What is significant?
The gang was basically formed while Larry Hoover was in prison, serving a life sentence for a murder conviction.
In the next four years, Larry's influence would rapidly grow behind bars, making the GDs the most formidable gang inside the Illinois prison system.
Thus, in 1978 a major prison riot in IDOC
erupts at Pontiac prison: and, yes, the GD's
were heavily involved; some say Larry Hoover
even masterminded the entire prison riot.
Three correctional officers were killed in the 1978 riot.
was indicted, but charges had to be dropped against him, because no one would testify against Larry Hoover
at that time.
In 1979 the one and only assassination attempt was made against Larry Hoover
by gang member named "Nissan
was a Black Gangster (the BG's are a third derivative gang from the original Devil's Disciples).
The attempt to kill Larry Hoover
involved using a homosexual to stab him, but it did not succeed, and the homosexual inmate died violently.
The 1980's would be owned by Larry Hoover
, due to his
enhanced ability to administer his
gang by being eventually transferred to a minimum security facility where he
would get constant access to visitors and phones, enabling his
communications even with his
underlings in other institutions, and on the streets.
It was in the early 1980's that Larry Hoover's official title expanded: he was now "Chairman of the Board".
While we doubt that he
actually drafted the memo's, as our information indicates that these materials were crafted by the "Minister of Information" for the GDs, who is a highly educated GD member, and who was not prosecuted in the federal case against Larry Hoover
top 38 associates, it is clear that Larry
was eager to take the intellectual credit for these missives, orders, and memoranda issued routinely to the "troops".
masterminded a detailed organizational plan to formalize the Gangster Disciples behind bars.
Here is how the managerial flow chart worked, obviously, Larry was the "Chairman of the Board": (1) The Board of Directors, appointed only by the Chairman, establish policy and amend Nation laws, they approve programs and assist in the education of the Nation, and hear all complaints and grievances for the GD nation; (2) The Institutional Coordinators, appointed by the Chairman, there is one for each prison or institution; they appoint Unit Coordinators, the equivalent of a "cellhouse leader", they oversee the functions of the gang, communicate weekly with all their unit coordinators, they ensure that all laws and policies governing the GD nation are enforced, and report daily to the Chairman on the function and progress of the gang nation; (3) Institutional board secretary, appointed by the Chairman, oversees all correspondence and literature for the GD nation, re-screen all incoming and outgoing members, function as an emissary of the Board of Directors, and communicate daily with the Chairman; (4) Institutional legal coordinator, appointed by the Chairman, oversees legal affairs of the GD nation as well as complaints and grievances from members, and reports daily to the chairman on all complaints, grievances, reports and the functions of the organization; (5) Educational program director, appointed by the chairman, oversees teaching within the institution to GD members, oversees classes and quizzes on GD literature, and reports daily to the Chairman on the functions and progress of the teaching staff; (6) Institutional exercise coordinator, appointed by the chairman, coordinates sporting and social events within the institution for the GD members, ensures the exercise program is functioning properly, and reports weekly to the Chairman; and (7) Institutional Treasurer, oversees the operations of the Nation's finances, communicates weekly with all Unit Treasurers and the Institutional Coordinator.
Now obviously, prior to getting his
federal prison sentence, Larry Hoover
was literally "micro-managing" his
That is no longer possible for him to do.
approved, perhaps editing here and there to a limited extent, the memo's became LAW for his
In 1981 Larry Hoover issues a memorandum to his troops: no one in the GD gang can ever assault, threaten, or even disrespect a correctional officer without his "blessing"; threatening or assaulting a correctional officer would mean a serious "violation" from the GD's.
It becomes one of the 16 "laws" that all incarcerated GD's must follow: it was Law #7 "Guards: no member shall engage in any unnecessary confrontation with any officers or administrative personnel".
It works, his
troops obey him.
This lands Larry Hoover
, even though serving a life sentence for murder, the reward of eventually being transferred to a "college campus-like" minimum security facility in downstate Vienna, Illinois.
would be transferred out of high security to minimum security status in 1987.
would use this additional "freedom" to great advantage in further building his
There are no walls or even fences around the Vienna correctional facility.
would live in relative luxury.
would be transferred to the Vienna facility, Larry
would arrange for them to come and meet him: Larry
would give them marijuana, money, cigarettes, whatever they wanted, and cultivate potential new middle-management leaders of the GD gang in this way.
Obviously, the "Chairman" of the "Board of Directors" for the Brothers of the Struggle
is Larry Hoover
This becomes real clear in reading the memos.
It is also real clear that the B.O.S.
is simply the larger identity for the Black Gangster Disciple Nation
(BGDN) or simply the "Gangster Disciples".
In a memo dated October 1, 1981 from Larry Hoover
troops, the GD's
are urged to study the written rules, regulations, and written codes and creeds developed by the GD organization
Obviously, every GD
is expected to have a full copy.
See Figure 23 for a copy of this memo.
It is important, historically, for several reasons: (1) it instructs the membership that they will be getting more memos, and it therefore becomes a formal organization, centralized with Larry Hoover at the top; (2) a decade before the GDs would become visibly active in politics, here Larry Hoover alerts his troops to this long-term developmental strategy; and (3) he instructs GD's behind bars to "take jobs" in all possible areas of the prison where profits can be made for the gang (i.e., sensitive positions, etc, "unassigned" in prison means the inmate has no job, they are idle).
The Oct. 1, 1981 Typed Memo From Larry Hoover to His GD Troops
The June 18, 1982 memorandum from Larry Hoover
troops signaled another organizational development: how to constantly replenish the middle-managemen