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Press Release 18 February 2004 - Voice of the Listener and Viewer (VLV)
Karol Jakubowicz, Chairman of the Council of Europe CDDM Committee, told the Conference that it would be ideology and not technology which determined the future of public service broadcasting.
He outlined three ideological approaches: I) Full Market - where public sector involvement in broadcasting is not needed; ii) Market Dominance - where the market does not satisfy every need, but public service broadcasting must not compete with for profit broadcasting; iii) Market/Public Balance - where the community has a duty to provide a supply of what people need as citizens and this can be provided by public service broadcasters.
speech Karol Jakubowicz speech (filesize is 41K).
a. Market failure, including the failure ...
a. Market failure, including the failure of the Internet to provide access to core Internet services and tools - Karol Jakubowicz, Chairman, Information for all Programme (IFAP) / UNESCO
a. National information policies - Karol Jakubowicz, Chairman, Information for all Programme (IFAP) / UNESCO
b. Government transformation - Haiyan Qian, Knowledge Management Branch, DPADM, UNDESA
c. Effective access to the Internet which is language and culturally specific / multilingualism - Karol Jakubowicz, Chairman, Information for all Programme (IFAP) / UNESCO
Karol Jakubowicz, Chairman, Information for all Programme (IFAP) / UNESCO
According to Dr. Karol Jakubowicz, an international expert in broadcasting and a member of the Kosovo Independent Media Commission, Bill T/393 creates a registration system that would construct potential legal and political barriers to new content entering the media landscape in conjunction with providing Hungary's government the ability to take increased action against existing providers of "vaguely unwanted content".
Another aspect of the bill prohibits the incitation to hatred against nations, ethnic, religious, minority or majority groups.
According to Jakubowicz
, the vague restriction of "inciting hatred" is a slippery slope that would undoubtedly lead to similar sanctions of unintentional insult or inadvertent incitement to hatred from media outlets that are simply capable of insult and exclusion.
writes that Bill T/363 "require[s] instituting a system of surveillance, supervision and possible repression that are unacceptable in a democratic society... placing Hungary alongside authoritarian countries seeking to control all forms of social communication."
Remembering Karol ...
Remembering Karol Jakubowicz
On 29 June 2013 IAMCR
organised a special session at its IAMCR Dublin conference to commemorate Karol Jakubowicz
was a communications scholar and a longtime friend of IAMCR
and many of its members.
He passed away last April 28.
It is with deep sorrow that we report the death of Polish professor and journalist Karol Jakubowicz, who passed away April 28th.
Karol was an active IAMCR member for many years and contributed greatly to our meetings and discussions.
He was a leading expert on European media and held many prominent positions.
He led committees on media issues at the Council of Europe and UNESCO, and served as Director of the Polish Television.
Karol was also an adviser on broadcast media laws to governments, NGOs and international organizations, including the Office of the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media.
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Karol Jakubowicz is the chairman of the Standing Committee on Transfrontier Television at the Council of Europe.He was also an adviser to the KRRiTV when it was formulating its proposed amendments to the Broadcasting Act.He dismisses critics who say that the council lacks freedom from political pressure."Independence is not a problem," he said."Nobody can tell the KRRiTV what to do.In fact, the KRRiTV is more independent than many media regulators in western Europe."
Though the members are appointed by politicians, often on a party political basis, Jakubowicz
said this is unavoidable in Poland at the moment. "We lack strong civil institutions," he
said."Therefore, everything is politicised.As a consequence, political culture is orientated towards party politics.But the system is respectable."Many politicians, however, have been calling for a de-politicisation of the council.The previous AWS-led administration believed that the KRRiTV
was making decisions that were to the benefit of ex-communist President Aleksander Kwaœniewski, and against that government.In January 2001, the then Speaker of the Sejm, Maciej P³a¿yñski, announced a plan to add nominations from journalists and a range of broadcasters to the council, broadening its representation.