Karen Francis, Institute of World Archaeology, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ. email: K.Francis@uea.ac.uk
When referencing this article, please use the following convention: Francis
, K. 2001.
However, prior to the exciting discovery of his Albanian field notebooks within the archives of the Istituto Italiano di Paleontologia Umana, in Rome in 1999 (Francis, 2000), the majority of Cardini's
research in Albania had been long forgotten.
Cardini's notebooks form the majority of the collection and the notes, which are broadly separated chronologically within each book, date from 1930 to 1939, with those from the latter year being the most complete (Francis, forthcoming).
The letters show that after the death of Pelloux, Cardini
, through much perseverence, managed to be reunited with his artefacts in May 1952 (Francis, forthcoming).
In total, the two surveys were successful in re-locating and examining around 50 caves and rockshelters, most of which had first been discovered by Cardini
We did not find evidence of Eneolithic material, although on the slopes below the rockshelter's terrace we recovered Iron Age and late Antique pottery, as well as an impressive collection of late Mesolithic flint tools - extremely rare in Albania (Francis, 2001).
The most recent Middle Palaeolithic discoveries include levels in Gajtan cave (Fistani, 1989), and Palaeolithic surface sites at Kryegjata in Apollonia
(Korkuti and Davis, 1998; 1999) and at Diaporit near Xarra
The two surveys to re-locate Cardini's sites were largely successful and suggest that his
work may be of value to modern researchers - many of the caves and surface scatters he
discovered still contain some of the richest and untapped prehistoric deposits known in Albania today.The discovery of Cardini's notebooks not only provides us with a fascinating insight into Cardini's methodology and research, it has re-opened the door to the past and enabled his
valuable work to be recognised and continued, as he
would surely have wished.
, K. 2000. (ed.). Explorations in Albania 1930 - 1939: Archive Material Relating to Luigi Cardini, Prehistorian with the Italian Archaeological Mission.
, K. 2001 Explorations in Albania: Re-locating the Caves of Luigi Cardini, 4th-15th June 2001.
, K. Forthcoming.