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Wrong Juan Cordero?

Juan C. Cordero

National Guard Officer

Puerto Rico

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Puerto Rico

Background Information

Employment History

Regimental Commander, Colonel

Betances Health Center




Mayaguez's College of Agriculture and Mechanical Arts

University of Puerto Rico

Web References (15 Total References)

The 65th Infantry at Jackson Heights,Korea [cached]

Due to the regiment's failure to hold and recapture Outpost Kelly, the Puerto Rican Regimental Commander, Colonel (COL) Juan Cesar Cordero, was quietly relieved of command on 10 October and replaced by a Continental Commander, Colonel Chester B. De Gavre.

Commands - by Col. Gilberto Villahermosa [cached]

Lieutenant Colonel Juan Cesar Cordero, a Puerto Rican National Guard officer, commanded the 3d Battalion in combat. The 40-year old officer was a graduate of the University of Puerto Rico and Mayaguez's College of Agriculture and Mechanical Arts, where he had received his Reserve Commission as a second lieutenant. His battalion had relieved the 2nd Battalion of the Japanese-American 442nd "Nisei" Infantry Regiment on 13 December.

Honor and Fidelity [cached]

The 3rd Battalion, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Juan Cesar Cordero-Davila, went into combat on 12 December 1944 at Peira Cava in the Maritime Alps of southern France, where it relieved a battalion of the 442nd "Nisei" Infantry Regiment.

Lindsey, however, would command for less than three months.[52] On 1 February 1952, Colonel Juan Cesar Cordero-Davila assumed command of the 65th.
Cordero-Davila was a Puerto Rican National Guard officer who had served with the regiment in World War II for over three and a half years, advancing from the Regimental S-4 to Battalion Executive Officer, Battalion Commander, and Regimental Executive Officer. He also served for short periods during World War II as the Regimental Commander. Following the war, he had commanded the 296th Regimental Combat Team in Puerto Rico . As a result, he was responsible for training most of the men serving in the 65th in the Fall of 1952.[53] General J. Lawton Collins, the Army Chief of Staff, was responsible for Lindsey's removal and the appointment of Cordero-Davila to command the 65th.
Cordero-Davila had solicited an assignment to Korea when Collins visited Puerto Rico in January 1952.[54] Collins believed that, in the long term, it would be of great value to the future of the Puerto Rican National Guard if Cordero-Davila were assigned to the regiment.
Cordero-Davila had solicited an assignment to Korea when Collins visited Puerto Rico in January 1952.[54] Collins believed that, in the long term, it would be of great value to the future of the Puerto Rican National Guard if Cordero-Davila were assigned to the regiment.
Cordero-Davila was clearly one of the highest ranking ethnic officers in the Army. His assignment to command the 65th reflected a fundamental change in the Army's attitude toward non-white officers and took place against a backdrop of the full integration of African Americans into Eighth Army.
The following night two reinforced companies of Chinese infantry attacking from three directions slammed into the outpost, then occupied by Company B. Catching the company commander, most of his platoon leaders, the artillery liaison officer, and the forward observer in the command bunker where they congregated for a meeting, the enemy took the position quickly.[58] Although it was known almost immediately that the outpost had fallen, Colonel Cordero-Davila was reluctant to call in artillery fires or to commit the regimental reserve battalion lest they kill those of his own soldiers still remaining on the hill.
agreed with Van Fleet's assessment of Dulaney and Cordero-Davila.
Three days later, Colonel Chester B. DeGavre replaced Cordero-Davila as Commander of the 65th Infantry Regiment.[70]
Colonel Cordero-Davila was of the same mind and, in fact, attributed the poor performance of the regiment at Outpost Kelly to the rotation policy.
Indeed, Cordero-Davila believed the enemy would remain on the defensive, because of an informal arrangement with the CCF in which U.S. soldiers occupied the outpost during the day and the Chinese occupied it at night. "It was an unwritten gentleman's agreement," he observed in a newspaper interview following the fall of Kelly, "with the gentlemen only on this side of the line."[151] This belief that the enemy would remain on the defensive apparently worked its way down to lower level commanders, where it prompted a failure on their part to execute counterattacks expeditiously. In the same way, the 65th's commanders failed to provide, with a few exceptions, critical leadership at the time and place it was most needed. In light of the officer and NCO shortage throughout the regiment, regimental and battalion commanders should have been well forward with their assaulting units, getting a firsthand look at the situation, providing inspiration and control, committing reserves, and ensuring that their orders had been properly understood and executed. Instead, may of those individuals attempted to micromanage the battles from their bunkers, where they had little immediate influence over the direction events took. The quality of the 65th's commander also figured into the failure of the regiment. Despite his impressive credentials, popularity with the men, and personal courage, Cordero-Davila proved to be more interested in pandering to his men than in ensuring that they were disciplined, well trained, and combat ready. Indeed, rather than rely on officers more tactically and technically competent than himself, Cordero-Davila undermined his officers' and sergeants' authority by establishing a Privates' Council consisting of a private from every platoon in the regiment and meeting once a month. The council undercut the chain of command by allowing soldiers to submit complaints directly to the regimental commander. Cordero-Davila then intervened on behalf of the men, upsetting policies his company and battalion commanders had set in place without sufficient feel for the circumstances that had led to them in the first place. As a result, discipline suffered.
He attributed the breakdown in discipline directly to Colonel Cordero-Davila, whom he called a "Political" commander.[156]
Their secret of success appears to have been finding a training area away from the prying eyes of Colonel Cordero-Davila and the regimental staff.[157]


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Korean War Educator: Topics - Silver Star Citations - C [cached]

Colonel Juan C. Cordero, O222751, Infantry, Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 65th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division, United States Army. On 20 July 1952, Company "C" was attempting a withdrawal after completing a raiding mission on enemy positions near Chongdong, Korea. In the initial phases of the withdrawal the friendly troops were subjected to intense hostile automatic weapons, artillery and mortar fire from nearby enemy positions. Under the withering fire the men became disorganized and began to move in all directions. Realizing the necessity for the company to effect an orderly withdrawal and evacuate the wounded, Colonel Cordero, the Regimental Commander, continuously exposed himself to the hostile bombardment as he moved among the men, offering them words of encouragement and directing them through the heavy enemy fire. Inspired by his courage, the men assumed the initiative and continued to move toward friendly positions.

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