Jeff Brown, HNTB consultant and contractor to South Carolina State Port Authority, has managed the SCSPA security program since 2005.
Overseeing perimeter protection and access control for the port's terminals, he
was tasked with enhancing Waldo Welch's perimeter security system.
Brown is a civil engineer with an imposing background in anti-terrorism force protection, blast-resistant structural design and high security access control for the US government and military.
Prior to his involvement with Port of Charleston, he served as team leader for the US Coast Guard's National Facility Security Plan Review Center, whose mandate was to review US ports for compliance with 33 CFR Part 105 Regulations.
These post-9/11 performance guidelines call for perimeter monitoring, access control and anti-terrorism readiness for marine facilities receiving regulated cargo, and require that restricted areas - both land and waterside perimeters - be continuously monitored.
As the Coast Guard representative responsible for reviewing South Carolina State Port Authority's facility security plan, Jeff's role evolved into directing Port of Charleston's security operations when the need arose for a qualified consultant to customise a plan complying with new legislation.
In evaluating programme options, Brown
considered the port's unique security challenges.
Prior to 9/11, ensuring secure transfer of cargo was a key focus at Wando Welch Terminal, and roving patrols by Port Police managed loss-prevention.
With the emerging risk of a terrorist breach, a system that could reliably detect and monitor disturbances at the perimeter became a high priority.
A must for Brown
was finding a solution that could successfully function in a marine environment - one that remained in near-constant motion between ship, vehicle and foot traffic.
It's all based on turn times," Brown
"But you've got shipping lines that rely on the Port Authority to securely transfer their cargo and 105 Regulations in place, so Port Police needs the security of the terminal ensured."
describes working through these conflicting issues as one of the most difficult functions he
performs, and cites strong communication as the key to effectively bridging the gap
between Operations and Security.
co-ordinates closely with port operations, engineering, IT and maintenance teams.
also regularly consults Port Police, Customs and Border Protection, the US Coast Guard
and Project Seahawk.
By understanding and addressing the needs of each of these constituents, Brown
has managed to deliver a security programme that satisfies all parties.
Mapping out security programme expansion guidelines for each of the facility's five non-continuous terminals was Port of Charleston's greatest challenge.
"105 Regulations say you have to monitor your perimeter and access points, but it's up to the individual entities to figure out how to comply," Brown
To address this responsibly, Brown
team formulated a comprehensive Security Improvement Plan - an industry best-practice concept incorporating solutions that delivered the protection required by Port Authorities, and addressed the risks identified by the port during vulnerability assessments.
"To put together a plan of this magnitude, we had to take a holistic approach," said Brown
"There was extensive co-ordination between Operations and Security.
Each of the port's various internal and external constituents was consulted."
Traffic flow at each terminal was evaluated toward restricted area boundary redefinition, and detailed site diagrams and project cost estimates were developed.
The plan eventually included equipment design and performance specifications for the initial upgrade at Wando Welch Terminal.
"This master plan has been critical to the success of Port of Charleston's security programme," Brown
"All affected parties agreed on it.
Everybody understands what is expected, how it will be delivered and what the price tag will be."
Upon plan approval, Brown
tackled hiring a systems integrator to handle the installation.
To attract only highly qualified candidates, he
employed rigorous selection criteria that included evaluation of each firm's technical certifications, breadth of manpower, implementation history for similar systems and quality assurance parameters.
"We had our design, so everyone would be delivering the same product," he
acknowledged that it would be unmanageable and costly to install cameras along every linear foot of its irregular boundary for this purpose.
Instead, the port chose two market-leading intelligent detection solutions: Southwest Microwave's
INTREPID MicroPoint Cable fence detection system - which offers pinpoint intrusion location and tie-in of detection zones to CCTV camera presets - and PureTech's
PureActiv wide-area video surveillance system which successfully identifies and tracked qualified targets.
"There weren't many companies who could deliver what we wanted," said Brown
"We went through an exhaustive process to ensure that we were going to get the most appropriate, best-of-breed perimeter security system."
The synergistic solution they selected enabled the port to strategically place visible light, infrared illuminated and thermal pan-tilt-zoom (PTZ) cameras controlled by the PureActiv system at key points along the perimeter, and integrate them with the MicroPoint Cable system to quickly locate and react to intrusions across the port's vast property.
"We chose MicroPoint
because it was the only sensor that could detect to within three meters and direct camera PTZ activity to incident location," Brown
"PureActiv provided intelligent video analytics, 3D geospatial command and control, autonomous PTZ tracking and open architecture which easily integrated with MicroPoint
and our Lenel access control system."
recognised that the Southwest Microwave fence detection system had been successfully paired with PureTech's
video analytics package at other sites, including City of Phoenix Water
and Tucson International Airport
"The fact that this was not the first time these two products have been integrated, that all the kinks had been ironed out, was invaluable to me."
Once the MicroPoint Cable / PureActiv system was installed, the port's security team, I-Sys Corporation
conducted thorough performance verification testing to ensure round-the-clock functionality at every point along the fence line.
"We painstakingly went to each camera and had an 'intruder' run, walk, roll, crawl and climb the fence to ensure that cameras and fence sensors worked properly," said Brown
With an extensive array of PTZ cameras, this endeavour took weeks to complete.
concedes that the testing was more rigorous than most, results were overarchingly positive.
In fact, Brown
remarked that, in general, the new solution far exceeded his
expectations both during the testing phase and initial implementation.
"I could not be more pleased with the new system," said Brown