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This profile was last updated on 4/14/06  and contains information from public web pages.

James B. Stoltman

Wrong James B. Stoltman?

Emeritus Professor of Anthropolog...

Phone: (608) ***-****  
Email: s***@***.edu
University of Wisconsin-Madison
600 Highland Ave. Room F6/133
Madison , Wisconsin 53792
United States

Company Description: University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics is dedicated to developing and maintaining strong working relationships with referring health care professionals. We...   more

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University Press of Florida: People of the Shoals, 14 April 2006 [cached]
"A complex but fascinating and highly personal view of the rise and fall of the Stallings Island culture. . . . People of the Shoals abounds in the application of a multitude of analytical and theoretical approaches to a uniquely rich array of archaeological data that the author has played a major role in collecting over the past decade. . . . Distinctive in both content and style."--James B. Stoltman, University of Wisconsin, Madison
Clone Embryo Farms! Nuclear Fusion, Stonehenge, China Discovered America? Dodo's Claw, Jupiter & More!, 30 Aug 2004 [cached]
"It is a highly improbable theory," said James Stoltman, a professor emeritus of North American archaeology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Milwaukee Magazine, 1 April 2004 [cached]
James Stoltman, emeritus professor of anthropology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, is an expert in North American archaeology.He supports the theory of a pre-Clovis North American occupation."My own feeling is a pre-Clovis entity is going to turn up here," he says."The Wisconsin ones are among the most convincing."
Yet Stoltman is a cautious scientist and balks at the notion that the main migration occurred before the Bering Strait crossing.Rather, he expresses the fallback position of Clovis First supporters - from "Only Clovis First" to "Mostly Clovis First."In other words, there may have been a scattering of people here and there, but the main migration was through the Bering Strait corridor 11,500 years ago.Says Stoltman: "Clovis was first in a large area of North America, filling up an empty area, with no resistance [from other people] and rapid spread."
archaeology :: New Analysis Of Pottery Stirs Olmec Trade Controversy :: May :: 2007 [cached]
Writing this week (Aug. 1, 2005) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), a team of scientists led by UW-Madison archeologist James B. Stoltman presents new evidence that shows the Olmec, widely regarded as the creators of the first civilization in Mesoamerica, imported pottery from other nearby cultures. The finding undermines the view that the Olmec capitol of San Lorenzo near the Gulf of Mexico was the sole source of the iconographic pottery produced by the earliest Mesoamerican civilizations.
"At issue here is trade pottery," says Stoltman, an emeritus professor of anthropology and an archeologist more familiar with the ancient native cultures of the Southeastern and Midwestern United States.
Now, however, an old technique brought to bear by Stoltman on an array of pottery fragments from five formative Mexican archeological sites shows that the "exchanges of vessels between highland and lowland chiefly centers were reciprocal, or two way."
The new results were obtained through the use of petrography, a long-established geological technique capable of accurately identifying minerals in a sample. "With this technique, you can identify minerals and rocks, not the elements as you get with neutron activation," says Stoltman, an authority on petrography. "It is a technique that is very accurate for identifying minerals."
The results of the new study show that minerals added to temper pottery came from multiple sites, including the highlands of Oaxaca.
"Pots are a human product," Stoltman explains, adding that temper - crushed rock, often - was added to confer plasticity and help pots survive shrinking and drying without cracking.
The geology of the San Lorenzo site is underlain by sedimentary rock, limestone and sandstone, Stoltman explains. Oaxaca and other areas rest on metamorphic rocks. The signature of the geology where the pots were produced, he says, is effectively added with the sand used for tempering.
"These analyses contradict recent claims that the Gulf Coast was the sole source of pottery carved with iconographic motifs," Stoltman says.
Among the samples tested by Stoltman, who was blind to the locations from which the pottery fragments were recovered, were pieces that had been found at San Lorenzo and visually - but not conclusively - identified as Oaxacan in origin.
"Five of these samples are unambiguously from Oaxaca, demonstrating " Stoltman says, "that some of pottery from San Lorenzo was made elsewhere."
The new findings, Stoltman believes, add some clarity to the interrelationships of cultures in ancient Mesoamerica. But the "mother culture/sister culture" debate is unlikely to ebb.
"It's difficult to give primacy to one culture," he says. "In many ways, their (the Olmec) culture was unique," but it may have only been one part of the cultural equation of the day.
In addition to Stoltman, the corresponding author of the study, co-authors of the PNAS paper include Joyce Marcus and Kent V. Flannery of the University of Michigan, James H. Burton of UW-Madison, and Robert G. Moyle of the American Museum of Natural History.
Gazette Close-Up, Hidden Places, GazetteExtra, Janesville, Wisconsin, USA, 1 Aug 2001 [cached]
"I have no qualms in saying these claims are utter nonsense," said James Stoltman, archaeologist at UW-Madison."...
"It's irresponsible scholarship is what it is, or it's really not scholarship," Stoltman said of Joseph's work, because it reaches conclusions without considering alternatives.
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