Share This Profile
Share this profile on Facebook.
Link to this profile on LinkedIn.
Tweet this profile on Twitter.
Email a link to this profile.
See other services through which you can share this profile.
This profile was last updated on 4/14/14  and contains information from public web pages.

Israel Gershoni

Wrong Israel Gershoni?

Professor of Middle Eastern Histo...

Phone: (212) ***-****  HQ Phone
Email: g***@***.il
Local Address: Israel
Tel Aviv University
39 Broadway Suite 1510
New York , New York 10006
United States

Company Description: Founded in 1963, Tel Aviv University is one of Israel's foremost research and teaching universities.
Background

Employment History

24 Total References
Web References
Oxford AASC: About Dictionary of African Biography
www.oxfordaasc.com, 14 April 2014 [cached]
Israel Gershoni
Tel Aviv University
For over six decades, the U.S. ...
jewishlight.tumblr.com, 22 May 2012 [cached]
For over six decades, the U.S. Congress, successive presidents, media, public opinion, all have supported a story which portrays Israel as wholly good and innocent, while painting those resisting its violence and injustice as anti-Semites, Nazis, and terrorists. The myth that Israel is the victim of unprovoked attacks by uncivilized Arabs persists, even in the face of Israel's brutality and violations of international law in its 44-year long occupation of the Palestinian Territories.
The grip of this fiction on the American collective mind reflects a conjuncture of causes: the West's guilt about the Holocaust; the proto-Zionist theology of American evangelical sects; U.S. imperial interests in Middle East oil reserves; and the West's long-distrust of and contempt for Arabs and Muslims.
Propaganda produced by Israel and the American Jewish establishment inverts reality.
...
It refutes the story told by pro-Israel zealots, who attribute hostility to Israel in the Arab world not to Israel's actions, but to Arabs' hatred of Jews: hatred, they argue, which originated in Islam and flourished with the Arabs' collaboration with the Nazis during WWII.
...
Another attack, directed at Achcar's lecture in the Jewish Studies Department of the University of California at Davis, came from BlueTruth, a blog devoted to "refuting the accusations and exposing the lies that are being told … about Israel, Jews and pro-Israel organizations …" One such lie, to judge by the article, is that Israel was "built on Arab land."
As someone whose mother and father were murdered in Auschwitz, and who herself survived the Nazis' barbarous nationalism thanks to the courage of a group of Catholics, Protestants, Communists, and Jews, I find the idea that defending the "Jewish state" supersedes all other human obligations both immoral and senseless. Nothing, not even the Holocaust, justifies Israel's treatment of Palestinians or the continuing efforts of pro-Israel zealots to show Arabs and Muslims as less than human. Israel and its unconditional supporters are on a path leading to catastrophe not only for Palestinians, but in the not very long run, for Israel itself.
...
The first part of Achcar's book covers the period from 1933, when Hitler acceded to power, until Israel's foundation in 1948. At that time, "liberal Westernizers" and Marxists took a strong stand against both Nazism and anti-Semitism. In the various Arab nationalist movements, sympathy for the Axis varied but was overall low, and opposition to Zionism did not translate into hatred of "the Jews. It is only among "reactionary and/or fundamentalist pan-Islamists" that significant anti-Semitism and support for Nazism were found. Several recent studies confirm this. For example, Achcar's book quotes Israel Gershoni, a professor of Middle Eastern History at Tel Aviv University, who wrote that in the 1930s:
...
The second part of Achcar's book traces the rise of anti-Semitism in the Arab world after the founding of Israel in 1948.
...
Achcar writes: "There are more anti-Semites among the Arabs today than among any other population group-for obvious historical reasons" [emphasis mine].8 These historical reasons, which are indeed obvious, were they not again and again obfuscated by pro-Israel apologists, include: Israel's ethnic cleansing of 750,000 Palestinian Arabs in 1948-1949 and its systematic destruction of 418 Palestinian villages to prevent the refugees' return: creating 300,000 more Palestinian refugees in 1967; a brutal and tyrannical occupation accompanied by continued ethnic cleansing ever since; and atrocities against civilian populations in wars in the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Lebanon.
...
Even Bernard Lewis, a historian favored by defenders of Israel, wrote "for Christian anti-Semites, the Palestine problem is a pretext and an outlet for their hatred; for Muslim anti-Semites, it is the cause."9 Remove the cause-that is, end Israel's ethnocentrism and expansionism-and Arab anti-Semitism would likely fade away.
...
Achcar shows how Arab anti-Semitism is "reactive" and changeable-dependent on Israel's actions, its violence, its propaganda (e.g., calling Arabs "Nazis"), and on the particular historical and political circumstances of the various Arab/Muslim countries.
...
The "Hasbara Handbook: Promoting Israel on Campus" (hasbara is Hebrew for "public relations, " or "propaganda"), published in 2002 by the World Union of Jewish Students, gives advice on how to score points "whilst avoiding genuine discussion": rather than addressing your opponent's arguments, make "as many comments that are positive about Israel as possible whilst attacking certain Palestinian positions, and attempting to cultivate a dignified appearance"; repeat points again and again, "If people hear something often enough, they come to believe it.
...
Stillwell and Greene claim that, unlike anti-Semitism in the Arab world, "'anti-Arab attitudes in Israel' are neither widespread, [nor] promulgated through state-provided education and other official means.
...
"Other official means" of promulgating racism include laws that are the very foundation of the Israeli state: the 1950 Law of Return and 1952 Citizenship Law, which allow every Jew in the world to immigrate to Israel and become an Israeli citizen. These same laws forbid the return of Palestinians who were forced to flee their homes from 1947 to 1952. This inequity may have made sense to those in the West who lived through the years after WWII, when the horrors of the Holocaust and general acceptance of colonialism blinded almost everyone to the injustice perpetrated against Palestinian Arabs. But it is much past time to look at the situation through Palestinian eyes.
More recent laws show racism becoming increasingly institutionalized in Israel. Adalah, the Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel, reports that "the current government coalition has proposed a flood of new racist and discriminatory bills. One such bill legalizes "admission committees" operating in nearly 700 small towns, allowing them to reject applicants deemed "unsuitable to the social life of the community … or the social and cultural fabric of the town"-for "unsuitable applicants," read principally "Arabs."18
Holocaust denial, Nakba denial Israel's recent Nakba Law effectively forbids the public commemoration of the Nakba. Israel lodged a protest when UN secretary-general Ban Ki-Moon used the word in a telephone conversation with Mahmoud Abbas on May 2008, the 60th anniversary of the Nakba.
...
Livni makes luminously clear that Israel is not a democracy for all its citizens. For the Jews, yes, although the rights of dissenters are increasingly restricted. In effect, "a Jewish and democratic state" is an oxymoron, no matter how much ink has been spent to deny it: a state so defined must privilege the Jews over other citizens. And being Jewish is unlike being, for example, French. One can become French by participating in the country's communal life for five years, but there is no way to become Jewish and qualify for the Law of Return except by converting to Judaism, or by being "a child and a grandchild of a Jew, the spouse of a Jew, the spouse of a child of a Jew, and the spouse of a grandchild of a Jew." Israel: innocent, victimized, maligned …
Gail Rubin J.D. author of the BlueTruth article, waxes indignant at Achcar for describing Israel as a "'settler colonial project' built on 'Arab land,'" and "accusing Zionists of 'ethnic cleansing of the Palestinians.'"
...
That Israel was built on Arab land, whether bought or confiscated, is undeniable.
...
In any case, no one denies that Israel prevented the return of refugees, a violation of international law. It was Israeli policy to shoot as "infiltrators" Palestinians trying to return to their villages in the night. Hundreds of villages were destroyed to foreclose their former inhabitants' return. Arguments about the colonial nature of the Israeli state usually take the form of semantic nitpicking. Sociologist Maxime Rodinson, a French Jew who first broke the taboo against calling Israel a "colonial-settler state," concludes his remarkable 1967 essay:
...
In fact, following the conquest of land and expulsion of its native Arab inhabitants, Israel again and again inflicted great harm on Arabs and Muslims-primarily the Palestinians, but also those living in the border states-through actions that cannot be attributed to Israel's need to survive. Consider the annexation of Jerusalem, a city sacred to Islam; the occupation of the Palestinian territories and of the Golan Heights; and wars such as that against Lebanon in 2006, supposedly a response to the kidnapping of two Israeli soldiers that resulted in 1,200 Lebanese deaths, almost all of them civilians.
One example provides strong evidence that Arabs have not inherited the Nazis' exterminatory will. The 2002 Arab Peace Initiative, re-endorsed unanimously by the Arab League in 2007,25 calls upon Israel to withdraw from all the territories occupied since 1967, and for the establishment of a Palestinian state on the West Bank and Gaza Strip, with East Jerusalem as its capital. The Arab countries would then commit to establishing normal relations with Israel and provide security for all the states of the region. Israel is
Relli Shechter, Ph.D.
www.relli-shechter.com [cached]
Research Assistant, Professor Israel Gershoni, Department of Middle Eastern & African History, Tel-Aviv University.
...
"Approaches to the Study of the Modern Arab Middle East," Lectures in Honour of Professor Israel Gershoni, Tel-Aviv University, Israel (in Hebrew).
emesnews
www.emesnews.com, 25 July 2001 [cached]
The official, however, denied that its goal is to create a "physical separation" between Israel and the territories.
...
Likewise, Louis Michel, the foreign minister of Belgium, which holds the EU's rotating presidency, called on Israel not to cancel the meeting.
...
If Israel withdraws, no one would have to resist.Let's be frank and fair," he said, addressing himself to his "good friend Foreign Minister Shimon Peres.We don't want the Israeli soldiers inside Palestine, and we don't want [Israeli settlers] on our land... Get out [of the West Bank, Gaza, and east Jerusalem] and there will be no more reason for resistance."
A senior Palestinian security officer conceded that no one in the PA will take action against Islamic Jihad or Hamas as long as Israel continues with the closure and its policy of targeted killings and retaliatory strikes.
He said the timing of the attacks had nothing to do with the planned meeting between Peres and Arafat, but was a continuation of the policy of the Islamic groups, and a result of the escalation of violence on the ground.
But another Palestinian source admitted that the Islamic groups' aim was to scuttle the meeting.
A PA source said popularity for suicide attacks is at its highest, with 80 percent to 90 percent of Palestinians supporting them.
...
A calm but dispute-ridden debate about Egypt's real intentions toward Israel is currently occupying Israel's intelligence community.A firmer view, which ascribes to Egypt warlike intentions against Israel, is heard from the right, such as from Ministers Avigdor Lieberman and Uzi Landau, and MK Yuval Steinitz, chairman of the Knesset subcommittee of the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee for defense strategy and building up the IDF.
...
Israel's security establishment speaks of "eroded boundaries."The weaponry that the United States supplies to the Israel Defense Forces as "arms to preserves Israel's qualitative edge" will eventually be supplied to Egypt as well.The question that disturbs Israel is why Egypt, which after its peace agreement with Israel is under no threat from any country, needs such extensive weaponry.
Prime ministers Benjamin Netanyahu, Ehud Barak and Ariel Sharon each individually argued to the United States that the sales of arms to Egypt pose a danger to Israel.
...
But Israel is worried about the American response.The United States has made it clear that has no interest in sharing information with Israel about the military aid it supplies to Egypt.This position, along with the American insistence on equipping Egypt with advanced weaponry, is indicative of the strategic importance the United States attributes to Egypt.
And for the first time since Egypt embraced its American orientation, the question arises as to whether Egypt's weight as a strategic ally of the United States is equal to that of Israel or perhaps even greater.
...
"The Bush administration has two interests in the Middle East: to strengthen Israel as an element that maintains stability in the Middle East and to maintain stability in Saudi Arabia."
...
The defense minister ascribes considerable and increasing importance to relations between Israel and Egypt.A few months ago, the chief of Egypt's general intelligence service, Omar Suleiman, arrived in Israel on a secret visit.
...
Israel and Egypt see eye to eye on at least two very important subjects: the war on terror and the threat of Islamic fundamentalism.
The Egyptian secret
The right-leaning Ariel Center for Policy Research (ACPR) represents the view that attributes belligerent intentions to Egypt.The center recently published an analysis authored by Major Shawn Pine, a U.S. Army reserves specialist in counterintelligence.The amazing claim Pine raises in his study is that Egypt is involved in deceiving, if not outright lying, to the world about its annual defense budget.
...
All this happened alongside two processes: the Oslo agreements and a considerable decrease in Israel's defense budget in the 1990s.
Meanwhile, due to the high probability of regional deterioration and concern for the future, Military Intelligence has updated its assessments of Egyptian intentions and strengthening of its army: "Egypt today is a danger, but not a threat."
The emphasis, as explained to the defense minister and Chief of Staff Shaul Mofaz, is on the word "today."
...
Consequently, if the regime in the post-Mubarak period becomes weakened and the incitement against Israel continues, an uncontrollable situation could develop similar to the waiting period of May 1967 that preceded the Six-Day War.
Steinitz rejects Military Intelligence assessments."To view Egypt as merely a danger is a farce.Egypt is a threat.It is preparing for possible war against Israel."
Israel's Foreign Ministry does not take Steinitz's warning seriously and is convinced that Military Intelligence's estimates are also exaggerated.Egypt, which relies on American arms, is completely and absolutely dependent on the American administration.It would lose everything if it decided to wage war on Israel.True, says the security establishment, but the unavoidable comparison is to Iran of the ayatollahs.Like Egypt, Iran of the Shah put its complete and total faith in American military support - until Khomeini's revolution came along and completely reshuffled the deck.
The Foreign Ministry's approach more clearly resembles that of a certain sector of Middle Eastern experts, of which Professor Israel Gershoni of Tel Aviv University is one of the most prominent.According to this view, the Islamic fundamentalists of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood have their source in another reality, which took root in the 1920s.Unlike the ayatollahs in Iran, the Muslim Brotherhood of Egypt are Sunni rather than Shi'ite Muslims.In Egypt, the goal of the Islamics is to influence the government to follow its ways rather than to grab power.
"Israel is a threat to Egypt," says a senior diplomatic source closely following the developments in Egypt."Egypt does not like Israel's prominence or centrality.Its leadership would like to see Israel restored to its natural dimensions - without nuclear capability and back to its 1967 borders.Even Israel's demand for democracy is perceived by the Egyptian leadership as a threat."
Egypt has always seen itself as the regional leader.Every Egyptian leader, almost as far back as the Pharaohs, has viewed Egypt as the principal leader of the entire region."The Israeli threat," as Egypt sees it, threatens Egypt's status as No. 1 in the regional hegemony and as leader of the Arab world, according to some in the Foreign Ministry and the defense establishment.This explains its paternalistic approach toward the Palestinians and the link it created between Israel's peace agreement with Egypt and the resolution of the Palestinian problem.
Even Egypt's opposition to deepening its economic cooperation with Israel is linked to its hypersensitivity about its regional status.Joint ventures may be good for the economy, but strengthening ties with Israel could set Egypt apart from the Arab countries it so deeply aspires to lead.
This also explains Egypt's opposition to Shimon Peres' vision of a New Middle East.Globalization and economic entrepreneurship give Israel a clear advantage, while undercutting Egypt's position as leader of the Middle East in the new age.Egypt's increased military might stems from the same need."Since the peace agreements with Egypt, there are security-minded forces in Israel that claim that Egypt's rearming is aimed against Israel," says a leading Middle East expert, but hedges that remark: "But Mubarak needs a strong army for internal reasons too.Without a large strong army, he and his regime will not last long."
Egypt arming itself with American weapons also has an ironic aspect.
...
But the dispute between Israel's defense establishment and the American administration today, almost 20 years after the "American revolution" in the Egyptian military, concerns the Egyptian army's capability."The Americans," says a senior IDF source, "assess the capability of Egypt today and in the future as less than ours.They say that the sum total of the capability of the Egyptian army, including the element of defense and the ability to exert power, is low.But we say that there is a positive link between capability and ambition.The higher the capability, the greater the ambition.And looking 20 years ahead, there's reason for concern."
...
Will the United States continue to maintain Israel's qualitative edge?"That's what the whole argument is about," says the IDF source."We have a qualitative edge.The question is by how much.The Americans say that it's convincing enough and will remain so in the future.We want it to be decisive.We are not concerned by tanks or other capabilities, but rather by certain types of missiles that the United States is selling Egypt."
...
Since the signing of the peace agreement between Israel and Egypt in March 1979, the United States has supplied Egypt wit
In this video Max Blumenthal, Jewish ...
jewishlight.tumblr.com, 6 Nov 2011 [cached]
In this video Max Blumenthal, Jewish American author, documents the racism of Israel.
...
For over six decades, the U.S. Congress, successive presidents, media, public opinion, all have supported a story which portrays Israel as wholly good and innocent, while painting those resisting its violence and injustice as anti-Semites, Nazis, and terrorists. The myth that Israel is the victim of unprovoked attacks by uncivilized Arabs persists, even in the face of Israel's brutality and violations of international law in its 44-year long occupation of the Palestinian Territories.
The grip of this fiction on the American collective mind reflects a conjuncture of causes: the West's guilt about the Holocaust; the proto-Zionist theology of American evangelical sects; U.S. imperial interests in Middle East oil reserves; and the West's long-distrust of and contempt for Arabs and Muslims.
Propaganda produced by Israel and the American Jewish establishment inverts reality.
...
It refutes the story told by pro-Israel zealots, who attribute hostility to Israel in the Arab world not to Israel's actions, but to Arabs' hatred of Jews: hatred, they argue, which originated in Islam and flourished with the Arabs' collaboration with the Nazis during WWII.
...
Another attack, directed at Achcar's lecture in the Jewish Studies Department of the University of California at Davis, came from BlueTruth, a blog devoted to "refuting the accusations and exposing the lies that are being told … about Israel, Jews and pro-Israel organizations …" One such lie, to judge by the article, is that Israel was "built on Arab land."
As someone whose mother and father were murdered in Auschwitz, and who herself survived the Nazis' barbarous nationalism thanks to the courage of a group of Catholics, Protestants, Communists, and Jews, I find the idea that defending the "Jewish state" supersedes all other human obligations both immoral and senseless. Nothing, not even the Holocaust, justifies Israel's treatment of Palestinians or the continuing efforts of pro-Israel zealots to show Arabs and Muslims as less than human. Israel and its unconditional supporters are on a path leading to catastrophe not only for Palestinians, but in the not very long run, for Israel itself.
...
The first part of Achcar's book covers the period from 1933, when Hitler acceded to power, until Israel's foundation in 1948. At that time, "liberal Westernizers" and Marxists took a strong stand against both Nazism and anti-Semitism. In the various Arab nationalist movements, sympathy for the Axis varied but was overall low, and opposition to Zionism did not translate into hatred of "the Jews. It is only among "reactionary and/or fundamentalist pan-Islamists" that significant anti-Semitism and support for Nazism were found. Several recent studies confirm this. For example, Achcar's book quotes Israel Gershoni, a professor of Middle Eastern History at Tel Aviv University, who wrote that in the 1930s:
...
The second part of Achcar's book traces the rise of anti-Semitism in the Arab world after the founding of Israel in 1948.
...
Achcar writes: "There are more anti-Semites among the Arabs today than among any other population group-for obvious historical reasons" [emphasis mine].8 These historical reasons, which are indeed obvious, were they not again and again obfuscated by pro-Israel apologists, include: Israel's ethnic cleansing of 750,000 Palestinian Arabs in 1948-1949 and its systematic destruction of 418 Palestinian villages to prevent the refugees' return: creating 300,000 more Palestinian refugees in 1967; a brutal and tyrannical occupation accompanied by continued ethnic cleansing ever since; and atrocities against civilian populations in wars in the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Lebanon.
...
Even Bernard Lewis, a historian favored by defenders of Israel, wrote "for Christian anti-Semites, the Palestine problem is a pretext and an outlet for their hatred; for Muslim anti-Semites, it is the cause."9 Remove the cause-that is, end Israel's ethnocentrism and expansionism-and Arab anti-Semitism would likely fade away.
...
Achcar shows how Arab anti-Semitism is "reactive" and changeable-dependent on Israel's actions, its violence, its propaganda (e.g., calling Arabs "Nazis"), and on the particular historical and political circumstances of the various Arab/Muslim countries.
...
The "Hasbara Handbook: Promoting Israel on Campus" (hasbara is Hebrew for "public relations, " or "propaganda"), published in 2002 by the World Union of Jewish Students, gives advice on how to score points "whilst avoiding genuine discussion": rather than addressing your opponent's arguments, make "as many comments that are positive about Israel as possible whilst attacking certain Palestinian positions, and attempting to cultivate a dignified appearance"; repeat points again and again, "If people hear something often enough, they come to believe it.
...
Stillwell and Greene claim that, unlike anti-Semitism in the Arab world, "'anti-Arab attitudes in Israel' are neither widespread, [nor] promulgated through state-provided education and other official means.
...
"Other official means" of promulgating racism include laws that are the very foundation of the Israeli state: the 1950 Law of Return and 1952 Citizenship Law, which allow every Jew in the world to immigrate to Israel and become an Israeli citizen. These same laws forbid the return of Palestinians who were forced to flee their homes from 1947 to 1952. This inequity may have made sense to those in the West who lived through the years after WWII, when the horrors of the Holocaust and general acceptance of colonialism blinded almost everyone to the injustice perpetrated against Palestinian Arabs. But it is much past time to look at the situation through Palestinian eyes.
More recent laws show racism becoming increasingly institutionalized in Israel. Adalah, the Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel, reports that "the current government coalition has proposed a flood of new racist and discriminatory bills. One such bill legalizes "admission committees" operating in nearly 700 small towns, allowing them to reject applicants deemed "unsuitable to the social life of the community … or the social and cultural fabric of the town"-for "unsuitable applicants," read principally "Arabs."18
Holocaust denial, Nakba denial Israel's recent Nakba Law effectively forbids the public commemoration of the Nakba. Israel lodged a protest when UN secretary-general Ban Ki-Moon used the word in a telephone conversation with Mahmoud Abbas on May 2008, the 60th anniversary of the Nakba.
...
Livni makes luminously clear that Israel is not a democracy for all its citizens. For the Jews, yes, although the rights of dissenters are increasingly restricted. In effect, "a Jewish and democratic state" is an oxymoron, no matter how much ink has been spent to deny it: a state so defined must privilege the Jews over other citizens. And being Jewish is unlike being, for example, French. One can become French by participating in the country's communal life for five years, but there is no way to become Jewish and qualify for the Law of Return except by converting to Judaism, or by being "a child and a grandchild of a Jew, the spouse of a Jew, the spouse of a child of a Jew, and the spouse of a grandchild of a Jew." Israel: innocent, victimized, maligned …
Gail Rubin J.D. author of the BlueTruth article, waxes indignant at Achcar for describing Israel as a "'settler colonial project' built on 'Arab land,'" and "accusing Zionists of 'ethnic cleansing of the Palestinians.'"
...
That Israel was built on Arab land, whether bought or confiscated, is undeniable.
...
In any case, no one denies that Israel prevented the return of refugees, a violation of international law. It was Israeli policy to shoot as "infiltrators" Palestinians trying to return to their villages in the night. Hundreds of villages were destroyed to foreclose their former inhabitants' return. Arguments about the colonial nature of the Israeli state usually take the form of semantic nitpicking. Sociologist Maxime Rodinson, a French Jew who first broke the taboo against calling Israel a "colonial-settler state," concludes his remarkable 1967 essay:
...
In fact, following the conquest of land and expulsion of its native Arab inhabitants, Israel again and again inflicted great harm on Arabs and Muslims-primarily the Palestinians, but also those living in the border states-through actions that cannot be attributed to Israel's need to survive. Consider the annexation of Jerusalem, a city sacred to Islam; the occupation of the Palestinian territories and of the Golan Heights; and wars such as that against Lebanon in 2006, supposedly a response to the kidnapping of two Israeli soldiers that resulted in 1,200 Lebanese deaths, almost all of them civilians.
One example provides strong evidence that Arabs have not inherited the Nazis' exterminatory will. The 2002 Arab Peace Initiative, re-endorsed unanimously by the Arab League in 2007,25 calls upon Israel to withdraw from all the territories occupied since 1967, and for the establishment of a Palestinian state on the West Bank and Gaza Strip, with East Jerusalem as its capital. The Arab coun
Other People with the name "Gershoni":
Other ZoomInfo Searches
Accelerate your business with the industry's most comprehensive profiles on business people and companies.
Find business contacts by city, industry and title. Our B2B directory has just-verified and in-depth profiles, plus the market's top tools for searching, targeting and tracking.
Atlanta | Boston | Chicago | Houston | Los Angeles | New York
Browse ZoomInfo's business people directory. Our professional profiles include verified contact information, biography, work history, affiliations and more.
Browse ZoomInfo's company directory. Our company profiles include corporate background information, detailed descriptions, and links to comprehensive employee profiles with verified contact information.
zirhbt201304