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This profile was last updated on 4/14/14  and contains information from public web pages.

Prof. Israel Gershoni

Wrong Prof. Israel Gershoni?

Professor of Middle Eastern Histo...

Phone: (212) ***-****  HQ Phone
Email: g***@***.il
Local Address: Israel
Tel Aviv University
39 Broadway Suite 1510
New York , New York 10006
United States

Company Description: Founded in 1963, Tel Aviv University is one of Israel's foremost research and teaching universities.

Employment History

Board Memberships and Affiliations

25 Total References
Web References
Oxford AASC: About Dictionary of African Biography, 14 April 2014 [cached]
Israel Gershoni
Tel Aviv University
For over six decades, the U.S. ..., 22 May 2012 [cached]
For over six decades, the U.S. Congress, successive presidents, media, public opinion, all have supported a story which portrays Israel as wholly good and innocent, while painting those resisting its violence and injustice as anti-Semites, Nazis, and terrorists. The myth that Israel is the victim of unprovoked attacks by uncivilized Arabs persists, even in the face of Israel's brutality and violations of international law in its 44-year long occupation of the Palestinian Territories.
The grip of this fiction on the American collective mind reflects a conjuncture of causes: the West's guilt about the Holocaust; the proto-Zionist theology of American evangelical sects; U.S. imperial interests in Middle East oil reserves; and the West's long-distrust of and contempt for Arabs and Muslims.
Propaganda produced by Israel and the American Jewish establishment inverts reality.
It refutes the story told by pro-Israel zealots, who attribute hostility to Israel in the Arab world not to Israel's actions, but to Arabs' hatred of Jews: hatred, they argue, which originated in Islam and flourished with the Arabs' collaboration with the Nazis during WWII.
Another attack, directed at Achcar's lecture in the Jewish Studies Department of the University of California at Davis, came from BlueTruth, a blog devoted to "refuting the accusations and exposing the lies that are being told … about Israel, Jews and pro-Israel organizations …" One such lie, to judge by the article, is that Israel was "built on Arab land."
As someone whose mother and father were murdered in Auschwitz, and who herself survived the Nazis' barbarous nationalism thanks to the courage of a group of Catholics, Protestants, Communists, and Jews, I find the idea that defending the "Jewish state" supersedes all other human obligations both immoral and senseless. Nothing, not even the Holocaust, justifies Israel's treatment of Palestinians or the continuing efforts of pro-Israel zealots to show Arabs and Muslims as less than human. Israel and its unconditional supporters are on a path leading to catastrophe not only for Palestinians, but in the not very long run, for Israel itself.
The first part of Achcar's book covers the period from 1933, when Hitler acceded to power, until Israel's foundation in 1948. At that time, "liberal Westernizers" and Marxists took a strong stand against both Nazism and anti-Semitism. In the various Arab nationalist movements, sympathy for the Axis varied but was overall low, and opposition to Zionism did not translate into hatred of "the Jews. It is only among "reactionary and/or fundamentalist pan-Islamists" that significant anti-Semitism and support for Nazism were found. Several recent studies confirm this. For example, Achcar's book quotes Israel Gershoni, a professor of Middle Eastern History at Tel Aviv University, who wrote that in the 1930s:
The second part of Achcar's book traces the rise of anti-Semitism in the Arab world after the founding of Israel in 1948.
Achcar writes: "There are more anti-Semites among the Arabs today than among any other population group-for obvious historical reasons" [emphasis mine].8 These historical reasons, which are indeed obvious, were they not again and again obfuscated by pro-Israel apologists, include: Israel's ethnic cleansing of 750,000 Palestinian Arabs in 1948-1949 and its systematic destruction of 418 Palestinian villages to prevent the refugees' return: creating 300,000 more Palestinian refugees in 1967; a brutal and tyrannical occupation accompanied by continued ethnic cleansing ever since; and atrocities against civilian populations in wars in the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Lebanon.
Even Bernard Lewis, a historian favored by defenders of Israel, wrote "for Christian anti-Semites, the Palestine problem is a pretext and an outlet for their hatred; for Muslim anti-Semites, it is the cause."9 Remove the cause-that is, end Israel's ethnocentrism and expansionism-and Arab anti-Semitism would likely fade away.
Achcar shows how Arab anti-Semitism is "reactive" and changeable-dependent on Israel's actions, its violence, its propaganda (e.g., calling Arabs "Nazis"), and on the particular historical and political circumstances of the various Arab/Muslim countries.
The "Hasbara Handbook: Promoting Israel on Campus" (hasbara is Hebrew for "public relations, " or "propaganda"), published in 2002 by the World Union of Jewish Students, gives advice on how to score points "whilst avoiding genuine discussion": rather than addressing your opponent's arguments, make "as many comments that are positive about Israel as possible whilst attacking certain Palestinian positions, and attempting to cultivate a dignified appearance"; repeat points again and again, "If people hear something often enough, they come to believe it.
Stillwell and Greene claim that, unlike anti-Semitism in the Arab world, "'anti-Arab attitudes in Israel' are neither widespread, [nor] promulgated through state-provided education and other official means.
"Other official means" of promulgating racism include laws that are the very foundation of the Israeli state: the 1950 Law of Return and 1952 Citizenship Law, which allow every Jew in the world to immigrate to Israel and become an Israeli citizen. These same laws forbid the return of Palestinians who were forced to flee their homes from 1947 to 1952. This inequity may have made sense to those in the West who lived through the years after WWII, when the horrors of the Holocaust and general acceptance of colonialism blinded almost everyone to the injustice perpetrated against Palestinian Arabs. But it is much past time to look at the situation through Palestinian eyes.
More recent laws show racism becoming increasingly institutionalized in Israel. Adalah, the Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel, reports that "the current government coalition has proposed a flood of new racist and discriminatory bills. One such bill legalizes "admission committees" operating in nearly 700 small towns, allowing them to reject applicants deemed "unsuitable to the social life of the community … or the social and cultural fabric of the town"-for "unsuitable applicants," read principally "Arabs."18
Holocaust denial, Nakba denial Israel's recent Nakba Law effectively forbids the public commemoration of the Nakba. Israel lodged a protest when UN secretary-general Ban Ki-Moon used the word in a telephone conversation with Mahmoud Abbas on May 2008, the 60th anniversary of the Nakba.
Livni makes luminously clear that Israel is not a democracy for all its citizens. For the Jews, yes, although the rights of dissenters are increasingly restricted. In effect, "a Jewish and democratic state" is an oxymoron, no matter how much ink has been spent to deny it: a state so defined must privilege the Jews over other citizens. And being Jewish is unlike being, for example, French. One can become French by participating in the country's communal life for five years, but there is no way to become Jewish and qualify for the Law of Return except by converting to Judaism, or by being "a child and a grandchild of a Jew, the spouse of a Jew, the spouse of a child of a Jew, and the spouse of a grandchild of a Jew." Israel: innocent, victimized, maligned …
Gail Rubin J.D. author of the BlueTruth article, waxes indignant at Achcar for describing Israel as a "'settler colonial project' built on 'Arab land,'" and "accusing Zionists of 'ethnic cleansing of the Palestinians.'"
That Israel was built on Arab land, whether bought or confiscated, is undeniable.
In any case, no one denies that Israel prevented the return of refugees, a violation of international law. It was Israeli policy to shoot as "infiltrators" Palestinians trying to return to their villages in the night. Hundreds of villages were destroyed to foreclose their former inhabitants' return. Arguments about the colonial nature of the Israeli state usually take the form of semantic nitpicking. Sociologist Maxime Rodinson, a French Jew who first broke the taboo against calling Israel a "colonial-settler state," concludes his remarkable 1967 essay:
In fact, following the conquest of land and expulsion of its native Arab inhabitants, Israel again and again inflicted great harm on Arabs and Muslims-primarily the Palestinians, but also those living in the border states-through actions that cannot be attributed to Israel's need to survive. Consider the annexation of Jerusalem, a city sacred to Islam; the occupation of the Palestinian territories and of the Golan Heights; and wars such as that against Lebanon in 2006, supposedly a response to the kidnapping of two Israeli soldiers that resulted in 1,200 Lebanese deaths, almost all of them civilians.
One example provides strong evidence that Arabs have not inherited the Nazis' exterminatory will. The 2002 Arab Peace Initiative, re-endorsed unanimously by the Arab League in 2007,25 calls upon Israel to withdraw from all the territories occupied since 1967, and for the establishment of a Palestinian state on the West Bank and Gaza Strip, with East Jerusalem as its capital. The Arab countries would then commit to establishing normal relations with Israel and provide security for all the states of the region. Israel is
Prof. Israel Gershoni, Dept. ..., 23 Sept 2010 [cached]
Prof. Israel Gershoni, Dept. of History, Tel Aviv University
Relli Shechter, Ph.D. [cached]
Research Assistant, Professor Israel Gershoni, Department of Middle Eastern & African History, Tel-Aviv University.
"Approaches to the Study of the Modern Arab Middle East," Lectures in Honour of Professor Israel Gershoni, Tel-Aviv University, Israel (in Hebrew).
Cooperation Between Israel and the State of Colorado, 26 Dec 2003 [cached]
Israel's rank as trade partner:
Given this commonality of interests and beliefs, it should not be surprising that support for Israel is one of the most pronounced and consistent foreign policy values of the American people.
It is more difficult to devise programs that capitalize on the two nations' shared values than their security interests; nevertheless, such programs do exist.In fact, these SHARED VALUE INITIATIVES cover a broad range of areas, including the environment, science and technology, education and health.
Today's interdependent global economy requires that trade policy be developed at the national and state level.
Many states have recognized the opportunity for realizing significant benefits by seeking to increase trade with Israel.No fewer than 23 states have cooperative agreements with Israel.
Colorado does not yet have a formal partnership with Israel; nevertheless, in 2003, Colorado exported about $25 million worth of manufacturing goods to Israel.The total since 1991 exceeds $272 million.In 2003, Colorado received $15,655,472 in foreign military financing (FMF) for U.S. military aid to Israel.Israel now ranks as Colorado's 26th leading trade partner.
Israel is certainly a place where potential business and trade partners can be found.It can also be a source, however, for innovative programs and ideas for addressing problems facing the citizens of Colorado.
Israel, for example, has developed a number of pioneering education programs.One, the Home Instruction Program for Preschool Youngsters, has been praised by President Clinton as "the best preschool program on earth" and replicated throughout the country, including Edgewater, Alamosa, Denver and Grand Junction.
A range of other exciting approaches to social problems like unemployment, environmental protection and drug abuse have been successfully implemented in Israel and could be imported for the benefit of Americans.
The potential for greater cooperation with Israel for the benefit of Colorado is limited only by the imagination.
Colorado Firms Profit From Business With Israel
As the only country with free trade agreements with both the United States and the European community, Israel can act as a bridge for international trade between the United States and Europe.Moreover, because of the deep pool of talent, particularly in high-technology areas, Israel provides excellent investment opportunities.Some of the nation's largest companies, such as IBM, Microsoft, Motorola, Intel and McDonald's have found that it is indeed profitable to do business in Israel.
More than 80 Colorado companies have discovered the benefits of doing business in Israel, including Cryenco, Translogic Corp. and Golden Software.In addition, Colorado companies received over $15.6 million in 2003 for U.S. government-funded military contracts with Israel through the Foreign Military Financing (FMF) program (U.S. military assistance to Israel).
Lisa Sanchez, spares coordinator of Cryenco Incorporated, said that her company deals with Israel through government contracts.
Just last year they began exporting tanks used for liquid oxygen and nitrogen but have already found Israel to be a good business market and have had an easy time doing business there.
Translogic is a light material handling company.The company sells computerized pneumatic tube systems that move materials under 10 pounds to hospitals in Israel, according to international business development specialist Steve Leazengood.
Translogic has been selling these items to both big and small hospitals in Israel for more than 20 years."Israel is a mature market in many senses of the word," said Leazengood.
They have been selling their products,mainly two and three dimensional scientific software used for graphing and contouring,to Israel for at least five to eight years.Patti Dierking, Director of Operations, said Israel is one of 120 countries where its products are sold.
In the medical field, Rocky Mountain Instrument Corporation has been exporting laser optics that are used in eye surgery to Israel for several years, according to one sales representative.Valleylab exports hospital supplies Israel, such as electrical, surgical and ultrasonic equipment.
One good way to break into the Israeli market is through a joint venture with an Israeli company.Funding for such projects is available from the Binational Industrial Research and Development Foundation (BIRD).BIRD funds projects in 33 states and the District of Columbia.The United States and Israel established BIRD in 1977 to fund joint U.S.-Israeli teams in the development and subsequent commercialization of innovative, nondefense technological products from which both the Israeli and American company can expect to derive benefits commensurate with the investments and risks.
BSF was established in 1972 to promote research cooperation between scientists from the United States and Israel.BSF has awarded nearly 3,000 grants, involving more than 2,000 scientists more than 400 institutions in 44 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.Colorado State, the University of Colorado and NOAA are among the many Colorado institutions that have shared more than $1.9 million with counterparts in Israel through grants awarded by BSF since 1987.
Cotton shows his Israeli counterparts how to use the Regional Modeling Atmospheric Systems (RAMS) and Israel gives Colorado access to their codes.
Together with his collaborator, Israel Gershoni of Tel Aviv University, they are exploring the relationship and social and political tensions between different communities in Egypt, such as the Muslims, Jews and Egyptians.Their objective is to produce a manuscript that offers new insights into the relationship between various ethnic communities in modern Egypt.In Israel, Gershoni has students doing field work, conducting interviews and making site observations.Both professors will also visit Egypt as part of their research.Jankowski and Gershoni have worked together on three previous projects and Jankowski says, "we work well together."
Roger Pielke, a professor of atmospheric science at Colorado State, is studying with his Israeli collaborator how winds develop over Lake Kinneret in Israel.
One good thing about the BSF grant was that it allowed me to travel to Israel and interact with the students," said Pielke.
According to Meyers, most of the chemical experimentation will take place in Israel.Myers will visit Israel and his lab will provide support services and instruments.
Between his ability and our ability to support his work, we will be able to come up with some meaningful products that will be helpful to the pharmaceutical industry both in the U.S. and Israel."
The benefits accrue to the United States, to Israel and to both countries together.
Agriculture Benefits
Colorado State and the Solar Energy Research Institute are just two Colorado institutions that have been doing joint research projects with Israel conducted under the auspices of the Binational Agricultural Research and Development Fund.BARD was created in 1978 with equal contributions by the United States and Israel.Since its inception, BARD has funded more than 800 projects in 45 states and the District of Columbia.In 2003, 26 projects were funded at 21 U.S. institutions.
These methods are already being applied by several commercial firms in the U.S. and Israel, and wheat producing states, such as Colorado, are likely to benefit.
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