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This profile was last updated on 3/17/04  and contains information from public web pages.

Hamza Shinwari Baba

Wrong Hamza Shinwari Baba?

Vice President


Employment History

  • Passport Officer
    British India Political Department
  • Dramatist and Prose Writer
Web References
Personalities, 17 Mar 2004 [cached]
Hamza Baba himself testified the fact in a couplet, that:
The crimson of color in your cheeks,Is the color of the blood of Hamza.You came of age, Pashto Ghazal,But turned me into an old Baba
Hamza Baba, son of the rugged mountains of the Khyber agency, born in Lwargi, a village in the north-west of Landi Kotal, in the house of Malik Baz Mir Khan, Chief of the Ashraf Khel, a clan of Shinwari Pakhtoon tribe, in December 1907.
Hamza Baba, later on, joined the British India Political Department as Passport Officer, later he worked as T.T. Officer in the All-India Railways.Forced by his restless nature, he quit the job, and devoted his energies to polish and gloss over the inborn artist.He went to the cosmopolitan city of Bombay-the Hollywood of Subcontinent.There he performed as a dacoit in a silent film 'Falcon': but unsatisfied with, he returned to his homeland.
According to Hamza Baba, "my poetic nature persuaded me, and I started poetry in Urdu."The first ever poetry of his life was in Urdu.But on the advice of his patron, Sheikh Abdul Satar, he started poetry in his mother tongue, and devoted himself to the service Pashto.A couplet of his depicts Hamza Baba's attactchmetn and gratitude for Pakhto.Accordingly:
Hamza Baba was a dramatist and prose writer of his class.He wrote more or less 400 dramas.According to Hamza Shinwari, Hamza Baba has written 200 plays, during his life long association with the All-India Radio that was established in 1935.
Hamza Baba has authored so many books of varied subjects: some about philosophy of human life and mysticism, other about love and romanticism, or ethics and social values.Starting with short stories and essays, to some estimates, he has 30 books to his name, including ten books in Urdu.
Hamza Baba remained the incubator and nucleus of the institutions and circles framed for the promotion and uplift of the both Pashto and Urdu, during his life time.For instance he was one of the few who has established the first ever Pashto literary society 'Bazm-e-Adab' that came into being in 1937.He acted as vice president, and remained president until 1950 when it was finally evolved into 'Olasi Adabi Jirga' (National Literary Society).He was nominated vice president of Dairay-e-Adabiya (Urdu Literary Circle).
Hamza Baba suffered, for long, from kidney illness, which he operated at Hyderabad, in 1986, but to no effect and his traveled to the master on February 18, 1994.
Hamza Shinwari Baba was, undoubtedly, a flowering spring of extraordinary genius, and has become an icon of universal admiration beyond the barriers of cast, language, color, or creed.Dr. Qabel Khan comments that Hamza Baba "is a virtual stream of friends of friends, disciples, admirers, and well-wishers ...
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