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Wrong George Laurer?

George J. Laurer


IBM Corporation

HQ Phone:  (914) 499-1900

Direct Phone: (888) ***-****direct phone


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I agree to the Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. I understand that I will receive a subscription to ZoomInfo Community Edition at no charge in exchange for downloading and installing the ZoomInfo Contact Contributor utility which, among other features, involves sharing my business contacts as well as headers and signature blocks from emails that I receive.

IBM Corporation

1 New Orchard Rd

Armonk, New York,10504

United States

Company Description

IBM is a globally integrated technology and consulting company headquartered in Armonk, New York. With operations in more than 170 countries, IBM attracts and retains some of the world's most talented people to help solve problems and provide an edge for busin... more

Find other employees at this company (313,778)

Web References(120 Total References)

What is the difference between a normal bar code and a QR code? | Barcode Publicity - Make It Mobile [cached]

It was created in the early-mid 1970's for the Uniform Grocery Product Code Council by a team led by George J. Laurer of IBM.

Welcome to TERRA [cached]

Isaac Brown films George Laurer, the inventor of the UPC symbol, at his home in Wendell, North Carolina.
Laurer spent many years as an engineer with IBM.

Bar code history - Cummings Design [cached]

George Laurer is credited as the inventor of the modern UPC bar code system.
Therefore, in 1971 George Laurer was given the task by IBM management to design the best code and symbol suitable for the grocery industry. In May of 1973, IBM's proposal was accepted. The only changes made by UGPCC was the type font used for the human readable and the ink contrast specification. Following the acceptance of the original UPC specification, George Laurer was asked to find a way to add another digit. The symbol already held twelve, the eleven required by UGPCC and a check digit George Laurer added to achieve the required reliability. The addition of the thirteenth digit could not cause the equipment to require extensive modification. Further, the original domestic version could not be modified. The extra digit would allow for "country identification" and make the UPC worldwide. Again George Laurer found a way to accommodate the requirement and the EAN (European Article Numbering system) symbol was born. Many countries are using the same symbol with their identifying country "flag" (the 13th digit), but chose to call the symbol by other names. An example is JAN (Japanese Article Numbering system), the Japanese version. The symbol has truly become worldwide. In the years since 1973, George Laurer has proposed, and the Uniform Product Code Council, Inc. (formerly UGPCC) has accepted, several other enhancements. Among these enhancements is a price check digit for domestic and another for European markets. There is also an expanded symbol, Version D, which has not yet seen wide use. History of the modern bar code above provided by George Laurer himself. Please be sure to visit George Laurer's web Site. Semi-retired, George continues to consult on UPC bar codes on a freelance basis. George Laurer was inducted into the Innovation Hall of Fame (IHOF) in May 1991 in recognition of his significant inventions and for creating the standard form of the Universal Product Code. A 36-year veteran of the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) who retired in June of 1987, George Laurer is the holder of 25 patents. He is also the author of 20 published Technical Disclosure Bulletins. During his career, IBM recognized and rewarded him for many technical innovations. He received the prestigious "Raleigh, N.C. Inventor of the Year" award in 1976. In 1980 he was honored with IBM's Corporate Technical Achievement award for his work on the Universal Product Code proposal that was issued in 1970 by McKinsey & Co. and Uniform Grocery Product Code Council, Inc. Before joining IBM, he received the B.S. in electrical engineering form the University of Maryland in 1951. He came to the University after having served in World War II and attending a technical school to learn radio and TV repair. Upon completion of his first year at the technical school, his instructor convinced him that he should not continue that course of study, but that he should go to college.

Barcode FAQs | World Barcodes | [cached]

The UPC barcoding system was created in the 1970's by George J. Laurer (who worked for IBM).
Mr. Laurer presented his UPC barcode system to food industries in the USA and it was selected as a universal method to keep track of items and prices in inventory systems. Mr. Laurer's UPC system has since spread worldwide and is now the preferred international method for tracking products. This American company is recommended by George J. Laurer (who invented UPC barcodes), therefore you can be confident that the barcodes we give you will belong to you alone & be unique worldwide. The inventor of the 12-digit UPC barcode was George Joseph Laurer (from New York). On his website, Mr. Laurer is very helpful in sharing his knowledge about the barcode symbol system he invented. He is frustrated by the enormous fees that GS1-US has recently decided to charge for 'membership', and recommends legitimate companies (like our company) which can sell barcode numbers at a one-off reasonable price. Our barcode numbers come from a source that Mr. Laurer recommends.

Information about the ID History Museum [cached]

George Laurer Creator of the UPC Symbol Barcode and previously with IBM Store Systems Engineering

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