One teaching module made available online for professors to integrate into their teachings was written by George Haynal, senior fellow at the Norman Patterson School of International Affairs at Carleton University, and implied a joint military is required.
Since the security of the continent "is a joint need; it should be supplied as a common enterprise."
"Given the nature of the threats against our security in the current environment, the first task is to reinvent 'borders.' We must exercise the responsibility for protecting our society against external threats where we can do so most effectively, not where infrastructures happens to be in place," he
added."Multilateral cooperation is going to be essential among governments."
"It is clear, to me at least, that we must â€¦ move beyond NAFTA
and do so with a purposeful determination," he