(2 Total References)
CPN -- HEAD START
www.cpn.org, 2 Aug 1999 [cached]
Frankie Brundage King cried when her mother told her she was going to have another baby.According to custom in their rural Alabama county, this meant that King, the oldest daughter, would have to drop out of school to care for the infant.Married herself at the age of 16, King had six children by the time she was 26.She got a job as a maid and thought that was the end of her education and her opportunities.
But then King
started attending meetings of the Alabama Council on Human Relations, the organization that sponsored Head Start in Lee County, Alabama.They encouraged her
to go back to school and gave her
the confidence that she
also began working for Head Start.
Due to a speech impediment, King
was at first even afraid to answer the phone.
With the support of Spears and Head Start parents in similar circumstances, however, King
acquired secretarial skills and obtained a Graduate Equivalency Diploma.I went to school half a day, and worked eight hours in the afternoon and at night for Head Start as a clerk-typist, said King
.It was the first job I ever had that did not include pushing a mop or dusting a table. [ 18 ].
Empowered by a new sense of pride, and the sense that she
could make a better life for herself and children, King
enrolled in college part-time.By the age of 37, the same year her
oldest son graduated from college, King
bachelor's degree.All six of her
children completed college as well, and King
is now the human services coordinator for the Alabama Council.
Despite numerous success stories, studies are just beginning to attempt to quantify the impact of Head Start parent involvement on families.One such study examined the effects of parent involvement on Head Start parents' psychological well-being.Mothers who participated reported fewer psychological symptoms, greater feelings of mastery, and greater life satisfaction at the end of the program. [ 19 ] Another study, the Head Start Family Impact Project, found that parent involvement in a Minnesota Head Start program increased the sense of family cohesion and adaptability, and the researchers speculate this will eventually improve the children's performance in school. [ 20 ].
But what is needed is research on how participation in Head Start affects the whole fabric of parents' lives-their employment, housing, and overall socioeconomic status.At the same time, we need a realistic yardstick by which to measure the effectiveness of Head Start's parent involvement policy.
18. Frankie Brundage King
, interview with Susan Muenchow, February 21, 1991
Head Start Success Stories - King, Frankie
www.nhsa.org, 20 Feb 2004 [cached]
Frankie B. King
Head Start Success Stories - Frankie B. KingIn 1965, Frankie B. King entered her five-year-old son, Timothy into a Head Start program at the Alabama Council on Human Relations, (ACHR).
It was the first summer for the Head Start program.At the time Mrs. King
was working as a domestic cleaning houses, and her
husband, Willie, was bagging groceries for a regional grocery chain.The program offered literacy classes, and Mrs. King
received a GED and later began to work for the Head Start Program.She would later receive a baccalaureate degree from Shaw University and a masterÂ's degree From Alabama A&M University.Willie King would later become a manager for the grocery chain that he once bagged groceries for.While working at the Alabama Council on Human Relations, Frankie ran for a City Council position, making her one of the first African-Americans to attempt to hold a public office in Auburn, Alabama.She
was involved in voters' registration and the end of school segregation in the Auburn school district.Frankie
began by enrolling her
children and lobbying her
neighbors to enroll their children in the nearby all-white schools.She
husband did not stop there.They helped see to it that other facilities became integrated, including: the local swimming pool, recreation center, football, baseball, and basketball teams, as well as the local library.
Education has always been the major agent of change and the mantra for the King Family.Between them, Frankie
, Willie, and their five sons and one daughter hold seven baccalaureate degrees, six masterÂ's degrees, one law degree and one doctoral degree.Three members of the King's family attended Head Start Â- Timothy, Stephen, and Bettye Â- Timothy King received his
B.A. from Auburn University
and is now a Head Start director in Baltimore at the South East Community Organization Head Start program.Dr. Stephen King is the recipient of numerous prestigious awards, including the Social Science Research Council Dissertation Research Fellowship
, Fulbright Fellowship, Ford Post Doctoral Fellowship for Minorities and the McKnight Fellowship to name a few.He received his B.S. and M.S. degrees from the University of Florida and his Ph.D. from Princeton University.
Stephen is currently a professor at Georgetown University
in Political Science, with a concentration in Middle Eastern Studies.Bettye King received her B.A. and M.P.A. degrees at Auburn University and her law degree from Jones School of Law at Faulkner University in Montgomery, Alabama.Bettye is currently working as the State Manager of Alabama's Municipal court system while she prepares to take the bar exam.