Eugene D. ShchukinResearch Professor Tel: 410-516-5079 e-mail: mailto:email@example.com
...Eugene D. ShchukinResearch Professor, Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering
graduated Moscow University
(MU) in physics, received Ph.D. and Dr.Sc. degrees at the Institute for Physical Chemistry
(IPC) of the USSR Academy of Sciences
.He joined the JHU as Visiting Professor (1988) and then as Research Professor in the School of Engineering (1992), maintaining joint appointment at MU (Professor of Colloid Chemistry Department, where he was a Chair in 1973-94) and IPC (Head of Laboratory of Physical/Chemical Mechanics).He
has made contributions to diverse fields of science and technology, especially to colloid and surface chemistry (surfactant effects, particle interactions, stability, structure formation), environment protection, catalysis, surface physics, solid mechanics, tribology, machining, rock drilling.The economic value of his
40 Inventions (Russian Patents) has been estimated at over $ 20 millions p.a.Dr. Shchukin
published 700 papers and 7 books (including text-book in Colloid Chemistry), guided over 40 Ph.D. dissertations.
contribution to science and engineering, Dr. Shchukin
was elected to Russian Academies of Engineering, of Natural Sciences
, and of Education, USA National Academy of Engineering
, Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences
won numerous prizes, including First Prize in the Moscow Mathematical Olympiad (at the age of 17), Lomonosov Prize of MU, Lenin Prize (the highest USSR award in science), Rehbinder Prize of Russian Acad.Sci., serves on various Russian and international committees and advisory boards, and has presented invited lectures worldwide.Dr. Shchukin
teaches interdisciplinary courses "Colloid Chemistry" and "Surface Effects in Technological Processes and Materials", with particular accent on fundamental and applied problems of stability of various, dilute and concentrated disperse systems and materials in nature, industry and environmental engineering,
The main research interests of acad.Eugene Shchukin
are in Colloid Chemistry and in Physical Chemistry of Materials (Physical/Chemical Mechanics).He
studied mechanisms of surfactant effects at various interfaces and their influence on stability of disperse systems: suspensions, emulsions, foams, aerosols; investigated spreading of wetting films, mass transfer in foams and emulsions, particularly in fluorinated ones used as artificial blood substitutes.Recognized processes of spontaneous dispersion of condensed phases under conditions of extremely low interfacial tension, and formation of thermodynamically stable (lyophilic) colloid systems; first, applied the computer molecular dynamic simulation to elucidation of molecular (atomic) level of various solid/liquid interactions, proposed amorphouzation of metals by quenching eutectic microemulsions.Disclosed mechanisms and trends of various forms of the surface active media influence on mechanical behavior, decrease in strength and durability, embrittlement of solids (the Rehbinder effect), including stability of rocks and materials in engineering practice; discovered phenomenon of the adsorption induced plasticizing and its dislocation mechanism.Realized, with a new, invented by him precision technique, direct measurements of the individual particles cohesion in coagulational contacts in various technological, natural, biological systems, including bacteria adhesion to solid surfaces, and methods of operating surface forces.Studied formation of the phase contacts – bridging of particles in processes of plastic deformation, sintering, hydration, sol-gel transition.Created the physical/chemical theory of strength of disperse porous materials and of residual internal stresses arising during structure forming.Discovered reciprocal influence of solid phase and ambient medium in heterogeneous catalytic processes and phenomenon of catalysis enhanced sintering (CES).
The most new, and planned research of Dr. Shchukin
includes development of experimental and theoretical studies of the particle interactions in technological and natural processes, with a special accent on individual fibers cohesion (cellulose, asbestos, polymer, natural and artificial), particularly in connection with problems of water economy and cleaning; investigation of various surfactant effects on hydration hardening and properties of mineral binders used in civil and road building, on residual internal stresses and stability of material obtained; development of the newly proposed method of electrochemical microsclerometry (ECMS) as universal one in studying mechanical stability of surfaces in active environment.Illustrative Publications
Shchukin, E.D. (1998) "On some directions of the studies in the area of the physical/chemical mechanics in the works of P.A.Rehbinder and his
school", Colloid J. 60: 709-716.Shchukin
, E.D., I.V.Vidensky, E.A.Amelina, A.I.Bessonov, A.M.Parfenova, G.Aranovich, M.Donohue (1998) "Cellulose fibers cohesion in liquid media.
, E.D., T.A.Michalske, R.E.Green, I.V.Vidensky, I.V.Petrova, V.I.Savenko, Z.M.Polukarova (1998) "Microsclerometry in studies of the medium influence on mechanical properties of metals", Physics and Chemistry of Material Treatment #3: 99-104.
, E.D., E.A.Amelina (1998) "Adsorption layers of hydrocarbon and fluorocarbon surfactants at the interface between their aqueous solutions and various non-polar media", Abstracts of the 12-th International Symposium on Surfactants in Solutions, Stockholm, Sweden, p.32.
, E.D (1997) "Reciprocal influence of the solid phase and medium in processes of heterogeneous catalysis", Chemical Industry #6: 412-419.Shchukin
, E.D. (1997) "Development of Rehbinder=s doctrine on strong stabilization factors in disperse systems", Colloid J. 59: 248-261.
, E.D., L.M.Rybakova, L.I.Kuksenova, E.A.Amelina (1997) "X-ray diffraction method for the determination of residual internal stresses in cement", Colloid J. 59: 96-101.
, E.D. (1996) "Some colloid-chemical aspects of the small particles contact interactions", In: E.Pelizzetti (ed.) "Fine Particles Science and Technology", Kluver, Netherlands, pp.
, E.D., S.I.Kontorovich, and B.V.Romanovsky (1993) "Porous materials sintering under conditions of catalytic reaction", J. Materials Sci.
, E.D., L.A.Kochanova, and V.I.Savenko (1993) "Electric surface effects in solid plasticity and strength", In: R.E.White, B.E.Conway, and J.O'M.Bockris (eds.) "Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry", Vol.24, Plenum Press
, E.D., A.V.Pertsov, and E.A.Amelina (1992) "Colloid Chemistry", Izd.
, E.D., ed. and co-author (1992) "Advances in Colloid Chemistry and Physical/Chemical Mechanics", Izd.
, E.D., E.A.Amelina, and S.I.Kontorovich (1992) "Formation of contacts between particles and development of internal stresses during hydration processes", In: J.Skalny (ed.) "Materials Science of Concrete", Vol.3, The American Ceramic Society
, Westerville, OH, pp.