(200 Total References)
Marguerite Laurent.com |The ruling classes have no class and cannot rule
On December 27, 1993, Emmanuel "Toto" Constant and his FRAPH
(Revolutionary Front for the Advancement and Progress of Haiti) death squads
men staged a riot and the USS Harlan was unable to
After the U.S. military entered Haiti in 1994, Constant
, who by then
had a criminal subpoena and a warrant for his
arrest, escaped an
uninspired "search" by U.S. soldiers and slipped into the U.S. on a tourist
was eventually captured and placed in the custody of U.S.
immigration authorities forover a year.
In 1995, the Haitian government
requested Constant's extradition on charges of murder, torture and arson;
however the U.S. suspended his
deportation, claiming that Haitian courts
could not handle the extradition and instead gave Constant
a green card
to live and work freely in the U.S.
In truth, it appears that the government's change of heart on the
extradition began after Constant
revealed on the television news magazine
"60 Minutes," in December, 1995, that he
had been on the CIA payroll
military rule (1991-1994).
then sued the U.S.
government and threatened to reveal other CIA misdeeds in Haiti if he
staged the Port-au-Prince riot in October 1993 at
Currently, as cluster bombs and daisy cutters fall on Afghanistan, the United States is a friendly host to terrorist Emmanuel Constant
responsible for the murders of thousands.
The government refuses to extradite
him to Haiti despite substantial evidence of his
involvement in death,
arson and torture and despite several requests from the Haitian government.
himself states that FRAPH still operates in Haiti, and he
plans to return soon.
for mortgage fraud is kind of like nailing Hitler for
, July 7:
, of 137-35 225 St. in Laurelton, was
arrested Wednesday and will be arraigned in Suffolk today before Acting State Supreme Court Justice Michael Mullen on charges of first-degree grand larceny,
falsifying business records and forgery, Suffolk district attorney's
Clifford said details of the charges against Constant
were not available
Constant did not return a call to his office at New York Mortgage Co.
LLC in Melville.
When called at his
home, a woman who identified herself
as Constant's wife said she
did not know anything about the charges and
husband was "upstairs sleeping."
has lived in New York since 1995, despite a deportation order
and charges that he led the Haitian paramilitary group, the Front for
the Advancement and Progress of Haiti, during the mid-1990s.
After U.S. forces helped restore Aristide to power, Constant
Service agents captured him in Queens, but Constant
deportation on the ground he
would be killed if sent back.
was released in 1996 on the condition that he
not travel outside New
York City and that he
report regularly to the INS
, now called
Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
In 2000, a Haitian court sentenced Constant
to life in prison following
conviction in absentia for the 1994 massacre.
In a 2005 federal lawsuit, three unnamed women now living in the United
States said Constant's soldiers engaged in a "systematic campaign of
violence against women" under his
rule, and beat and gang-raped them.
has so far largely ignored the lawsuit, the women's lawyers
On Wednesday, a judge ruled against Emmanuel "Toto" Constant because he
failed to meet a deadline to respond to the case.
The suit was launched in December 2004 by a group of women who suffered gang rape and other abuses from Constant's forces.
Constant led the paramilitary group
was arrested in a separate case last month -- not for human rights abuses but for committing mortgage fraud.
How America Determines Friends and Foes By Noam Chomsky
The list of terrorists-in-residence in the United States also includes Emmanuel Constant from Haiti, known as Toto, a former paramilitary leader from the Duvalier era.
Constant is the founder of the FRAPH (Front for Advancement of Progress in Haiti), the paramilitary group that carried out most of the state terror in the early 1990s under the military junta that overthrew president Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
At last report, Constant was living in Queens, N.Y.
Haiti uncertainty after Aristide | Ardain Isma
Louis Jodel Chamblain was a former sergeant of the defunct Haitian army who later joined the CIA operative Emmanuel "Toto" Constant to found the Haitian Front for Advancement and Progress or FRAPH from its French acronym, which means to beat or to trash in both Creole and French.
According to a CIA intelligence memorandum obtained by the Center for Constitutional Rights, "FRAPH members Jodel Chamblain, Emmanuel Constant, and Gabriel Doublaze met with an unidentified military officer in the morning of October 14 th to discuss a plan to kill Malary."
is now living freely in New Jersey.
Enforcing American Hegemony - A Timeline
The CIA formed FRAPH in the early 1990s, a paramilitary death squad headed by Emmanuel Constant that launched a terror campaign against Artistide's supporters.
Numerous human rights abusers from the military leadership (General Raoul Cedras, General Prosper Avril, Colonel Carl Dorelian, and Emmanuel Constant) took exile in the US after Artistide's re-instatement.
The ex-junta had originally been trained, organized, and funded by US intelligence services and had killed thousands of Haitians during their four years of rule in the early 90s - their founder, Emmanuel Constant, continues to reside protected in the US.
Haiti: A Marked Man/Toussaint Case
But no more amazing than the decision earlier this month to allow Emmanuel Constant, former leader of the murderous right-wing Haitian paramilitary group known as FRAPH, to live and work freely in the United States.
Although he is wanted in Haiti for numerous human rights violations, U.S. officials are considering his application for political asylum.
In 1995 Constant told the CBS program 60 Minutes that he had been a paid agent of the CIA from 1991 to 1994.